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ZFS(8)			FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual			ZFS(8)

NAME
     zfs -- configure ZFS datasets

SYNOPSIS
     zfs -?V
     zfs version
     zfs subcommand [arguments]

DESCRIPTION
     The zfs command configures	ZFS datasets within a ZFS storage pool,	as de-
     scribed in	zpool(8).  A dataset is	identified by a	unique path within the
     ZFS namespace.  For example:
	   pool/{filesystem,volume,snapshot}

     where the maximum length of a dataset name	is MAXNAMELEN (256B) and the
     maximum amount of nesting allowed in a path is 50 levels deep.

     A dataset can be one of the following:

	   file	system	Can be mounted within the standard system namespace
			and behaves like other file systems.  While ZFS	file
			systems	are designed to	be POSIX-compliant, known is-
			sues exist that	prevent	compliance in some cases.  Ap-
			plications that	depend on standards conformance	might
			fail due to non-standard behavior when checking	file
			system free space.

	   volume	A logical volume exported as a raw or block device.
			This type of dataset should only be used when a	block
			device is required.  File systems are typically	used
			in most	environments.

	   snapshot	A read-only version of a file system or	volume at a
			given point in time.  It is specified as
			filesystem@name	or volume@name.

	   bookmark	Much like a snapshot, but without the hold on on-disk
			data.  It can be used as the source of a send (but not
			for a receive).	 It is specified as filesystem#name or
			volume#name.

     See zfsconcepts(7)	for details.

   Properties
     Properties	are divided into two types: native properties and user-defined
     (or "user") properties.  Native properties	either export internal statis-
     tics or control ZFS behavior.  In addition, native	properties are either
     editable or read-only.  User properties have no effect on ZFS behavior,
     but you can use them to annotate datasets in a way	that is	meaningful in
     your environment.	For more information about properties, see
     zfsprops(7).

   Encryption
     Enabling the encryption feature allows for	the creation of	encrypted
     filesystems and volumes.  ZFS will	encrypt	file and zvol data, file at-
     tributes, ACLs, permission	bits, directory	listings, FUID mappings, and
     userused/groupused/projectused data.  For an overview of encryption, see
     zfs-load-key(8).

SUBCOMMANDS
     All subcommands that modify state are logged persistently to the pool in
     their original form.

     zfs -?
       Displays	a help message.

     zfs -V, --version

     zfs version
       Displays	the software version of	the zfs	userland utility and the zfs
       kernel module.

   Dataset Management
     zfs-list(8)
       Lists the property information for the given datasets in	tabular	form.

     zfs-create(8)
       Creates a new ZFS file system or	volume.

     zfs-destroy(8)
       Destroys	the given dataset(s), snapshot(s), or bookmark.

     zfs-rename(8)
       Renames the given dataset (filesystem or	snapshot).

     zfs-upgrade(8)
       Manage upgrading	the on-disk version of filesystems.

   Snapshots
     zfs-snapshot(8)
       Creates snapshots with the given	names.

     zfs-rollback(8)
       Roll back the given dataset to a	previous snapshot.

     zfs-hold(8)/zfs-release(8)
       Add or remove a hold reference to the specified snapshot	or snapshots.
       If a hold exists	on a snapshot, attempts	to destroy that	snapshot by
       using the zfs destroy command return EBUSY.

     zfs-diff(8)
       Display the difference between a	snapshot of a given filesystem and an-
       other snapshot of that filesystem from a	later time or the current con-
       tents of	the filesystem.

   Clones
     zfs-clone(8)
       Creates a clone of the given snapshot.

     zfs-promote(8)
       Promotes	a clone	file system to no longer be dependent on its "origin"
       snapshot.

   Send	& Receive
     zfs-send(8)
       Generate	a send stream, which may be of a filesystem, and may be	incre-
       mental from a bookmark.

     zfs-receive(8)
       Creates a snapshot whose	contents are as	specified in the stream	pro-
       vided on	standard input.	 If a full stream is received, then a new file
       system is created as well.  Streams are created using the zfs-send(8)
       subcommand, which by default creates a full stream.

     zfs-bookmark(8)
       Creates a new bookmark of the given snapshot or bookmark.  Bookmarks
       mark the	point in time when the snapshot	was created, and can be	used
       as the incremental source for a zfs send	command.

     zfs-redact(8)
       Generate	a new redaction	bookmark.  This	feature	can be used to allow
       clones of a filesystem to be made available on a	remote system, in the
       case where their	parent need not	(or needs to not) be usable.

   Properties
     zfs-get(8)
       Displays	properties for the given datasets.

     zfs-set(8)
       Sets the	property or list of properties to the given value(s) for each
       dataset.

     zfs-inherit(8)
       Clears the specified property, causing it to be inherited from an an-
       cestor, restored	to default if no ancestor has the property set,	or
       with the	-S option reverted to the received value if one	exists.

   Quotas
     zfs-userspace(8)/zfs-groupspace(8)/zfs-projectspace(8)
       Displays	space consumed by, and quotas on, each user, group, or project
       in the specified	filesystem or snapshot.

     zfs-project(8)
       List, set, or clear project ID and/or inherit flag on the file(s) or
       directories.

   Mountpoints
     zfs-mount(8)
       Displays	all ZFS	file systems currently mounted,	or mount ZFS filesys-
       tem on a	path described by its mountpoint property.

     zfs-unmount(8)
       Unmounts	currently mounted ZFS file systems.

   Shares
     zfs-share(8)
       Shares available	ZFS file systems.

     zfs-unshare(8)
       Unshares	currently shared ZFS file systems.

   Delegated Administration
     zfs-allow(8)
       Delegate	permissions on the specified filesystem	or volume.

     zfs-unallow(8)
       Remove delegated	permissions on the specified filesystem	or volume.

   Encryption
     zfs-change-key(8)
       Add or change an	encryption key on the specified	dataset.

     zfs-load-key(8)
       Load the	key for	the specified encrypted	dataset, enabling access.

     zfs-unload-key(8)
       Unload a	key for	the specified dataset, removing	the ability to access
       the dataset.

   Channel Programs
     zfs-program(8)
       Execute ZFS administrative operations programmatically via a Lua
       script-language channel program.

   Jails
     zfs-jail(8)
       Attaches	a filesystem to	a jail.

     zfs-unjail(8)
       Detaches	a filesystem from a jail.

   Waiting
     zfs-wait(8)
       Wait for	background activity in a filesystem to complete.

EXIT STATUS
     The zfs utility exits 0 on	success, 1 if an error occurs, and 2 if	in-
     valid command line	options	were specified.

EXAMPLES
     Example 1:	Creating a ZFS File System Hierarchy
       The following commands create a file system named pool/home and a file
       system named pool/home/bob.  The	mount point /export/home is set	for
       the parent file system, and is automatically inherited by the child
       file system.
	     # zfs create pool/home
	     # zfs set mountpoint=/export/home pool/home
	     # zfs create pool/home/bob

     Example 2:	Creating a ZFS Snapshot
       The following command creates a snapshot	named yesterday.  This snap-
       shot is mounted on demand in the	.zfs/snapshot directory	at the root of
       the pool/home/bob file system.
	     # zfs snapshot pool/home/bob@yesterday

     Example 3:	Creating and Destroying	Multiple Snapshots
       The following command creates snapshots named yesterday of pool/home
       and all of its descendent file systems.	Each snapshot is mounted on
       demand in the .zfs/snapshot directory at	the root of its	file system.
       The second command destroys the newly created snapshots.
	     # zfs snapshot -r pool/home@yesterday
	     # zfs destroy -r pool/home@yesterday

     Example 4:	Disabling and Enabling File System Compression
       The following command disables the compression property for all file
       systems under pool/home.	 The next command explicitly enables
       compression for pool/home/anne.
	     # zfs set compression=off pool/home
	     # zfs set compression=on pool/home/anne

     Example 5:	Listing	ZFS Datasets
       The following command lists all active file systems and volumes in the
       system.	Snapshots are displayed	if listsnaps=on.  The default is off.
       See zpoolprops(7) for more information on pool properties.
	     # zfs list
	     NAME		       USED  AVAIL  REFER  MOUNTPOINT
	     pool		       450K   457G    18K  /pool
	     pool/home		       315K   457G    21K  /export/home
	     pool/home/anne		18K   457G    18K  /export/home/anne
	     pool/home/bob	       276K   457G   276K  /export/home/bob

     Example 6:	Setting	a Quota	on a ZFS File System
       The following command sets a quota of 50	Gbytes for pool/home/bob:
	     # zfs set quota=50G pool/home/bob

     Example 7:	Listing	ZFS Properties
       The following command lists all properties for pool/home/bob:
	     # zfs get all pool/home/bob
	     NAME	    PROPERTY		  VALUE			 SOURCE
	     pool/home/bob  type		  filesystem		 -
	     pool/home/bob  creation		  Tue Jul 21 15:53 2009	 -
	     pool/home/bob  used		  21K			 -
	     pool/home/bob  available		  20.0G			 -
	     pool/home/bob  referenced		  21K			 -
	     pool/home/bob  compressratio	  1.00x			 -
	     pool/home/bob  mounted		  yes			 -
	     pool/home/bob  quota		  20G			 local
	     pool/home/bob  reservation		  none			 default
	     pool/home/bob  recordsize		  128K			 default
	     pool/home/bob  mountpoint		  /pool/home/bob	 default
	     pool/home/bob  sharenfs		  off			 default
	     pool/home/bob  checksum		  on			 default
	     pool/home/bob  compression		  on			 local
	     pool/home/bob  atime		  on			 default
	     pool/home/bob  devices		  on			 default
	     pool/home/bob  exec		  on			 default
	     pool/home/bob  setuid		  on			 default
	     pool/home/bob  readonly		  off			 default
	     pool/home/bob  zoned		  off			 default
	     pool/home/bob  snapdir		  hidden		 default
	     pool/home/bob  acltype		  off			 default
	     pool/home/bob  aclmode		  discard		 default
	     pool/home/bob  aclinherit		  restricted		 default
	     pool/home/bob  canmount		  on			 default
	     pool/home/bob  xattr		  on			 default
	     pool/home/bob  copies		  1			 default
	     pool/home/bob  version		  4			 -
	     pool/home/bob  utf8only		  off			 -
	     pool/home/bob  normalization	  none			 -
	     pool/home/bob  casesensitivity	  sensitive		 -
	     pool/home/bob  vscan		  off			 default
	     pool/home/bob  nbmand		  off			 default
	     pool/home/bob  sharesmb		  off			 default
	     pool/home/bob  refquota		  none			 default
	     pool/home/bob  refreservation	  none			 default
	     pool/home/bob  primarycache	  all			 default
	     pool/home/bob  secondarycache	  all			 default
	     pool/home/bob  usedbysnapshots	  0			 -
	     pool/home/bob  usedbydataset	  21K			 -
	     pool/home/bob  usedbychildren	  0			 -
	     pool/home/bob  usedbyrefreservation  0			 -

       The following command gets a single property value:
	     # zfs get -H -o value compression pool/home/bob
	     on

       The following command lists all properties with local settings for
       pool/home/bob:
	     # zfs get -r -s local -o name,property,value all pool/home/bob
	     NAME	    PROPERTY		  VALUE
	     pool/home/bob  quota		  20G
	     pool/home/bob  compression		  on

     Example 8:	Rolling	Back a ZFS File	System
       The following command reverts the contents of pool/home/anne to the
       snapshot	named yesterday, deleting all intermediate snapshots:
	     # zfs rollback -r pool/home/anne@yesterday

     Example 9:	Creating a ZFS Clone
       The following command creates a writable	file system whose initial con-
       tents are the same as pool/home/bob@yesterday.
	     # zfs clone pool/home/bob@yesterday pool/clone

     Example 10: Promoting a ZFS Clone
       The following commands illustrate how to	test out changes to a file
       system, and then	replace	the original file system with the changed one,
       using clones, clone promotion, and renaming:
	     # zfs create pool/project/production
	       populate	/pool/project/production with data
	     # zfs snapshot pool/project/production@today
	     # zfs clone pool/project/production@today pool/project/beta
	       make changes to /pool/project/beta and test them
	     # zfs promote pool/project/beta
	     # zfs rename pool/project/production pool/project/legacy
	     # zfs rename pool/project/beta pool/project/production
	       once the	legacy version is no longer needed, it can be destroyed
	     # zfs destroy pool/project/legacy

     Example 11: Inheriting ZFS	Properties
       The following command causes pool/home/bob and pool/home/anne to	in-
       herit the checksum property from	their parent.
	     # zfs inherit checksum pool/home/bob pool/home/anne

     Example 12: Remotely Replicating ZFS Data
       The following commands send a full stream and then an incremental
       stream to a remote machine, restoring them into poolB/received/fs@a and
       poolB/received/fs@b, respectively.  poolB must contain the file system
       poolB/received, and must	not initially contain poolB/received/fs.
	     # zfs send	pool/fs@a |
		 ssh host zfs receive poolB/received/fs@a
	     # zfs send	-i a pool/fs@b |
		 ssh host zfs receive poolB/received/fs

     Example 13: Using the zfs receive -d Option
       The following command sends a full stream of poolA/fsA/fsB@snap to a
       remote machine, receiving it into poolB/received/fsA/fsB@snap.  The
       fsA/fsB@snap portion of the received snapshot's name is determined from
       the name	of the sent snapshot.  poolB must contain the file system
       poolB/received.	If poolB/received/fsA does not exist, it is created as
       an empty	file system.
	     # zfs send	poolA/fsA/fsB@snap |
		 ssh host zfs receive -d poolB/received

     Example 14: Setting User Properties
       The following example sets the user-defined com.example:department
       property	for a dataset:
	     # zfs set com.example:department=12345 tank/accounting

     Example 15: Performing a Rolling Snapshot
       The following example shows how to maintain a history of	snapshots with
       a consistent naming scheme.  To keep a week's worth of snapshots, the
       user destroys the oldest	snapshot, renames the remaining	snapshots, and
       then creates a new snapshot, as follows:
	     # zfs destroy -r pool/users@7daysago
	     # zfs rename -r pool/users@6daysago @7daysago
	     # zfs rename -r pool/users@5daysago @6daysago
	     # zfs rename -r pool/users@4daysago @5daysago
	     # zfs rename -r pool/users@3daysago @4daysago
	     # zfs rename -r pool/users@2daysago @3daysago
	     # zfs rename -r pool/users@yesterday @2daysago
	     # zfs rename -r pool/users@today @yesterday
	     # zfs snapshot -r pool/users@today

     Example 16: Setting sharenfs Property Options on a	ZFS File System
       The following commands show how to set sharenfs property	options	to en-
       able read-write access for a set	of IP addresses	and to enable root ac-
       cess for	system "neo" on	the tank/home file system:
	     # zfs set sharenfs='rw=@123.123.0.0/16,root=neo' tank/home

       If you are using	DNS for	host name resolution, specify the fully-quali-
       fied hostname.

     Example 17: Delegating ZFS	Administration Permissions on a	ZFS Dataset
       The following example shows how to set permissions so that user cindys
       can create, destroy, mount, and take snapshots on tank/cindys.  The
       permissions on tank/cindys are also displayed.
	     # zfs allow cindys	create,destroy,mount,snapshot tank/cindys
	     # zfs allow tank/cindys
	     ---- Permissions on tank/cindys --------------------------------------
	     Local+Descendent permissions:
		     user cindys create,destroy,mount,snapshot

       Because the tank/cindys mount point permission is set to	755 by de-
       fault, user cindys will be unable to mount file systems under
       tank/cindys.  Add an ACE	similar	to the following syntax	to provide
       mount point access:
	     # chmod A+user:cindys:add_subdirectory:allow /tank/cindys

     Example 18: Delegating Create Time	Permissions on a ZFS Dataset
       The following example shows how to grant	anyone in the group staff to
       create file systems in tank/users.  This	syntax also allows staff mem-
       bers to destroy their own file systems, but not destroy anyone else's
       file system.  The permissions on	tank/users are also displayed.
	     # zfs allow staff create,mount tank/users
	     # zfs allow -c destroy tank/users
	     # zfs allow tank/users
	     ---- Permissions on tank/users ---------------------------------------
	     Permission	sets:
		     destroy
	     Local+Descendent permissions:
		     group staff create,mount

     Example 19: Defining and Granting a Permission Set	on a ZFS Dataset
       The following example shows how to define and grant a permission	set on
       the tank/users file system.  The	permissions on tank/users are also
       displayed.
	     # zfs allow -s @pset create,destroy,snapshot,mount	tank/users
	     # zfs allow staff @pset tank/users
	     # zfs allow tank/users
	     ---- Permissions on tank/users ---------------------------------------
	     Permission	sets:
		     @pset create,destroy,mount,snapshot
	     Local+Descendent permissions:
		     group staff @pset

     Example 20: Delegating Property Permissions on a ZFS Dataset
       The following example shows to grant the	ability	to set quotas and
       reservations on the users/home file system.  The	permissions on
       users/home are also displayed.
	     # zfs allow cindys	quota,reservation users/home
	     # zfs allow users/home
	     ---- Permissions on users/home ---------------------------------------
	     Local+Descendent permissions:
		     user cindys quota,reservation
	     cindys% zfs set quota=10G users/home/marks
	     cindys% zfs get quota users/home/marks
	     NAME	       PROPERTY	 VALUE	SOURCE
	     users/home/marks  quota	 10G	local

     Example 21: Removing ZFS Delegated	Permissions on a ZFS Dataset
       The following example shows how to remove the snapshot permission from
       the staff group on the tank/users file system.  The permissions on
       tank/users are also displayed.
	     # zfs unallow staff snapshot tank/users
	     # zfs allow tank/users
	     ---- Permissions on tank/users ---------------------------------------
	     Permission	sets:
		     @pset create,destroy,mount,snapshot
	     Local+Descendent permissions:
		     group staff @pset

     Example 22: Showing the differences between a snapshot and	a ZFS Dataset
       The following example shows how to see what has changed between a prior
       snapshot	of a ZFS dataset and its current state.	 The -F	option is used
       to indicate type	information for	the files affected.
	     # zfs diff	-F tank/test@before tank/test
	     M	     /	     /tank/test/
	     M	     F	     /tank/test/linked	    (+1)
	     R	     F	     /tank/test/oldname	-> /tank/test/newname
	     -	     F	     /tank/test/deleted
	     +	     F	     /tank/test/created
	     M	     F	     /tank/test/modified

     Example 23: Creating a bookmark
       The following example create a bookmark to a snapshot.  This bookmark
       can then	be used	instead	of snapshot in send streams.
	     # zfs bookmark rpool@snapshot rpool#bookmark

     Example 24: Setting sharesmb Property Options on a	ZFS File System
       The following example show how to share SMB filesystem through ZFS.
       Note that a user	and their password must	be given.
	     # smbmount	//127.0.0.1/share_tmp /mnt/tmp -o
	     user=workgroup/turbo,password=obrut,uid=1000

       Minimal /etc/samba/smb.conf configuration is required, as follows.

       Samba will need to bind to the loopback interface for the ZFS utilities
       to communicate with Samba.  This	is the default behavior	for most Linux
       distributions.

       Samba must be able to authenticate a user.  This	can be done in a num-
       ber of ways (passwd(5), LDAP, smbpasswd(5), &c.).  How to do this is
       outside the scope of this document a refer to smb.conf(5) for more in-
       formation.

       See the USERSHARES section for all configuration	options, in case you
       need to modify any options of the share afterwards.  Do note that any
       changes done with the net(8) command will be undone if the share	is
       ever unshared (like via a reboot).

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
     ZFS_MOUNT_HELPER  Cause zfs mount to use mount(8) to mount	ZFS datasets.
		       This option is provided for backwards compatibility
		       with older ZFS versions.

INTERFACE STABILITY
     Committed.

SEE ALSO
     attr(1), gzip(1), ssh(1), chmod(2), fsync(2), stat(2), write(2), acl(5),
     attributes(5), exports(5),	zfsconcepts(7),	zfsprops(7), exportfs(8),
     mount(8), net(8), selinux(8), zfs-allow(8), zfs-bookmark(8),
     zfs-change-key(8),	zfs-clone(8), zfs-create(8), zfs-destroy(8),
     zfs-diff(8), zfs-get(8), zfs-groupspace(8), zfs-hold(8), zfs-inherit(8),
     zfs-jail(8), zfs-list(8), zfs-load-key(8),	zfs-mount(8), zfs-program(8),
     zfs-project(8), zfs-projectspace(8), zfs-promote(8), zfs-receive(8),
     zfs-redact(8), zfs-release(8), zfs-rename(8), zfs-rollback(8),
     zfs-send(8), zfs-set(8), zfs-share(8), zfs-snapshot(8), zfs-unallow(8),
     zfs-unjail(8), zfs-unload-key(8), zfs-unmount(8), zfs-unshare(8),
     zfs-upgrade(8), zfs-userspace(8), zfs-wait(8), zpool(8)

FreeBSD	13.0			 June 30, 2019			  FreeBSD 13.0

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SUBCOMMANDS | EXIT STATUS | EXAMPLES | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | INTERFACE STABILITY | SEE ALSO

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