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HTTPD(8)			     httpd			      HTTPD(8)

       httpd - Apache Hypertext	Transfer Protocol Server

       httpd [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [	-c directive ]
       [ -D parameter ]	[ -e level ] [ -E file	]  [  -k  start|restart|grace-
       ful|stop|graceful-stop ]	[ -h ] [ -l ] [	-L ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -v	] [ -V
       ] [ -X ]	[ -M ] [ -T ]

       On Windows systems, the following additional arguments are available:

       httpd [ -k install|config|uninstall ] [ -n name ] [ -w ]

       httpd is	the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server  program.
       It is designed to be run	as a standalone	daemon process.	When used like
       this it will create a pool of child processes or	threads	to handle  re-

       In  general, httpd should not be	invoked	directly, but rather should be
       invoked via apachectl on	Unix-based systems or as a service on  Windows
       NT, 2000	and XP and as a	console	application on Windows 9x and ME.

       -d serverroot
	      Set  the	initial	 value for the ServerRoot directive to server-
	      root. This can be	overridden by the ServerRoot directive in  the
	      configuration file. The default is /usr/local/apache2.

       -f config
	      Uses  the	 directives  in	 the file config on startup. If	config
	      does not begin with a /, then it is taken	to be a	path  relative
	      to the ServerRoot. The default is	conf/httpd.conf.

       -k start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop
	      Signals  httpd  to  start, restart, or stop. See Stopping	Apache
	      httpd for	more information.

       -C directive
	      Process the configuration	directive before reading config	files.

       -c directive
	      Process the configuration	directive after	reading	config files.

       -D parameter
	      Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine>
	      sections	in  the	 configuration	files to conditionally skip or
	      process commands at server startup and restart. Also can be used
	      to set certain less-common startup parameters including -DNO_DE-
	      TACH (prevent the	parent from forking) and -DFOREGROUND (prevent
	      the parent from calling setsid() et al).

       -e level
	      Sets the LogLevel	to level during	server startup.	This is	useful
	      for temporarily increasing the verbosity of the  error  messages
	      to find problems during startup.

       -E file
	      Send error messages during server	startup	to file.

       -h     Output a short summary of	available command line options.

       -l     Output a list of modules compiled	into the server. This will not
	      list dynamically loaded modules included	using  the  LoadModule

       -L     Output a list of directives provided by static modules, together
	      with expected arguments and places where the directive is	valid.
	      Directives provided by shared modules are	not listed.

       -M     Dump a list of loaded Static and Shared Modules.

       -S     Show the settings	as parsed from the config file (currently only
	      shows the	virtualhost settings).

       -T (Available in	2.3.8 and later)
	      Skip document root check at startup/restart.

       -t     Run syntax tests for configuration files only. The program imme-
	      diately exits after these	syntax parsing tests with either a re-
	      turn code	of 0 (Syntax OK) or return code	not equal to 0 (Syntax
	      Error).  If  -D  DUMP_VHOSTS is also set,	details	of the virtual
	      host configuration will be printed. If -D	DUMP_MODULES  is  set,
	      all loaded modules will be printed.

       -v     Print the	version	of httpd, and then exit.

       -V     Print the	version	and build parameters of	httpd, and then	exit.

       -X     Run httpd	in debug mode. Only one	worker will be started and the
	      server will not detach from the console.

       The following arguments are available only on the Windows platform:

       -k install|config|uninstall
	      Install Apache httpd as a	Windows	NT service; change startup op-
	      tions  for  the  Apache  httpd service; and uninstall the	Apache
	      httpd service.

       -n name
	      The name of the Apache httpd service to signal.

       -w     Keep the console window open on error so that the	error  message
	      can be read.

Apache HTTP Server		  2018-07-06			      HTTPD(8)


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