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FreeBSD 4.2 Release Notes

                                 RELEASE NOTES
                              FreeBSD 4.2-RELEASE

Any installation failures or crashes should be reported by using the
send-pr command (those preferring a Web-based interface can also see

For information about FreeBSD and the layout of the 4.2-RELEASE directory
(especially if you're installing from floppies!), see ABOUT.TXT.  For
installation instructions, see the INSTALL.TXT and HARDWARE.TXT files.

For the latest 4-stable snapshots, you should always see:

Table of contents:
1. What's new since 4.1-RELEASE

2. Supported Configurations
   2.1 Disk Controllers
   2.2 Ethernet cards
   2.3 FDDI
   2.4 ATM
   2.5 Misc

3. Obtaining FreeBSD
   3.1 FTP/Mail
   3.2 CDROM

4. Upgrading from previous releases of FreeBSD

5. Reporting problems, making suggestions, submitting code

6. Acknowledgements

1. What's new since 4.1-RELEASE
Changes which were also present in the 4.1.1 point release will be
marked [4.1.1].

The tap driver, a virtual Ethernet device driver for bridged
configurations, has been added. [4.1.1]

accept_filters, a kernel feature to reduce overheads when accepting
and reading new connections on listening sockets, has been added. [4.1.1]

POSIX.1b Shared Memory Objects are now supported.  The implementation
uses regular files, but automatically enables the MAP_NOSYNC flag
when they are mmap(2)ed. [4.1.1]

The ata(4) driver now has support for ATA100 controllers. [4.1.1]

The ata(4) driver now has support for tagged queueing, which is
enabled by the ATA_ENABLE_TAGS option.  It also supports the
ServerWorks ROSB4 ATA33 chipset, the CMD 648 ATA66 and CMD 649 ATA100
chipsets, and the Cyrix 5530.  It also has support for ATA "pseudo"
RAID controllers, including the Promise Fasttrak and HighPoint HPT370

The ti(4) driver now supports the Alteon AceNIC 1000baseT Gigabit
Ethernet and Netgear GA620T 1000baseT Gigabit Ethernet cards. [4.1.1]

The ng_bridge(4) node type has been added to the netgraph subsystem.
Miscellaneous bug fixes and enhancements have also been made. [4.1.1]

Support for Fujitsu MB86960A/MB86965A based Ethernet PC-Cards is back.

The asr(4) driver, which provides support for the Adaptec SCSI RAID
controller family, as well as the DPT SmartRAID V and VI families, has
been added. [4.1.1]

The i386 boot loader now has support for a "nullconsole" console type,
for use on systems with neither a video console nor a serial
port. [4.1.1]

The pcn(4) driver, which supports the AMD PCnet/FAST, PCnet/FAST+,
PCnet/FAST III, PCnet/PRO, PCnet/Home, and HomePNA adapters, has been
added.  Although these cards are already supported by the lnc(4)
driver, the pcn driver runs these chips in 32-bit mode and uses the RX
alignment feature to achieve zero-copy receive.  This driver is also
machine-independent, so it will work on both the i386 and alpha
platforms.  The lnc driver is still needed to support non-PCI cards.

The pcm(4) driver now supports the ESS Solo 1, Maestro-1, Maestro-2,
and Maestro-2e; Forte Media fm801, ESS Maestro-2e, and VIA Technologies
VT82C686A sound card/chipsets, and has received some other updates.

Replace the PQ_*CACHE options with a single PQ_CACHESIZE option to be
set to the cache size in kilobytes.  The old options are still
supported for backwards compatibility.

The NCPU, NAPIC, NBUS, and NINTR kernel configuration options,
for configuring SMP kernels, have been removed.  NCPU is now set to a
maximum of 16, and the other, aforementioned options are now dynamic.

The ahc(4) driver has been updated.

The amr(4) driver has been updated with support for new AMI
MegaRAID models.

The snc(4) driver for the National Semiconductor DP8393X (SONIC)
Ethernet controller.  Curently, this driver is only used on the PC-98

The ich(4) driver for the Intel 82801AA (ICH) SMBus controller and
compatibles has been added.

bktr(4) driver has been updated to 2.15.  New tuner types have been
added, and improvememts to the KLD module and to memory allocation
have been made. [4.1.1]  This driver subsequently was updated to 2.17,
which fixes bugs in devfs when unloading and reloading, and syncs with
some NetBSD changes.

Default the PC Card Interface Controller(pcic) to polling mode(irq 0).

The ncv(4), nsp(4), and stg(4) drivers have been ported from
NetBSD/pc98.  They supports NCR 53C50 / Workbit Ninja SCSI-3 / TMC
18C30, 18C50 based PC-Card/ISA SCSI controllers.

The mly(4) driver, for Mylex PCI to SCSI AccelRAID and eXtremeRAID
controllers with firmware 6.x and later, has been added.

The twe(4) driver for 3ware controllers has been updated, with
improved queueing, error handling and reporting, and user interface
for the 3ware-supplied '3dm' monitoring tool.

The uscanner(4) driver, which provides basic USB scanner support using
SANE, has been added.  (See the SANE home page for supported
scanners.)  The HP ScanJet 4100C, 5200C and 6300C are known to be

The umodem(4) driver for USB modems has been added; it currently
supports the 3Com 5605 USB modem.


sysinstall(8) now allows the user to select one of three "security
profiles" at install-time.  These profiles enable different levels of
system security by enabling or disabling various system services in
rc.conf(5) on new installs. [4.1.1]

Many string-handling library calls were fixed to reduce the
possibility of buffer overflow-related exploits.

A security hole in Linux emulation was fixed (see security advisory
FreeBSD-SA-00:42).  [4.1.1]

TCP now uses stronger randomness in choosing its initial sequence
numbers (see security advisory FreeBSD-SA-00:52).

A bug in finger(1) that could allow remote users to view
world-readable files has been closed (see security advisory

rlogind(8), rshd(8), and fingerd(8) are now disabled by default in
/etc/inetd.conf.  This change only affects new installations.

Several buffer overflows in tcpdump(1) were corrected (see security
advisory FreeBSD-SA-00:61).

A security hole in top(1) was corrected (see security advisory

A potential security hole caused by an off-by-one-error in
gethostbyname(3) has been fixed (see security advisory

A potential buffer overflow in the ncurses(3X) library, which could
cause arbitrary code to be run from within systat(1), has been corrected
(see security advisory FreeBSD-SA-00:68).

A vulnerability in telnetd(8) that could cause it to consume large
amounts of server resources has been fixed (see security advisory

The "nat deny_incoming" command in ppp(8) now works correctly (see
security advisory FreeBSD-SA-00:70).


RSA Security has waived all patent rights to the RSA algorithm (two
weeks before the patent was due to expire).  As a result, the native
OpenSSL implementation of the RSA algorithm is now activated by
default, and the rsaref port and librsaUSA are no longer required for
USA residents. [4.1.1]

sshd is now enabled by default on new installs. [4.1.1]

Version numbers of installed packages have a new (backward-compatible)
syntax, which supports the "PORTREVISION" and "PORTEPOCH" variables in
ports collection makefiles.  These changes help keep track of changes
in the ports collection entries such as security patches or
FreeBSD-specific updates, which aren't reflected in the original,
third-party software distributions.  pkg_version(1) can now compare
these new-style version numbers. [4.1.1]

sendmail upgraded from version 8.9.3 to version 8.11.1.  Important changes
include: new default file locations (see /usr/src/contrib/sendmail/cf/README);
newaliases is limited to root and trusted users; STARTTLS encryption; and
the MSA port (587) is turned on by default.  See
/usr/src/contrib/sendmail/RELEASE_NOTES for more information.

mail.local(8) is no longer installed as a set-user-id binary.  If you
are using a /etc/mail/ from the default
included with FreeBSD any time after 3.1.0, you are fine.  If you are
using a hand-configured and mail.local for delivery, check
to make sure the F="S" flag is set on the Mlocal line.  Those with .mc
files who need to add the flag can do so by adding the following line
to their your .mc file and regenerating the file:
Note that FEATURE(`local_lmtp') already does this.

The default /etc/mail/ disables the SMTP EXPN and VRFY commands.

vacation(1) has been updated to use the version included with

The sendmail(8) configuration building tools are installed in

OpenSSH has been upgraded to 2.2.0.  ssh-add(1) and ssh-agent(1) can
now handle DSA keys.  An sftp server interoperable with
clients and others has been added.  scp(1) can now handle files >2GB.
Interoperability with other ssh2 clients/servers has been improved.  A
new feature to limit the number of outstanding unauthenticated ssh
connections in sshd has been added.

The compiler chain now uses the FSF-supplied C/C++ runtime
initialization code.  This change brings about better compatibility
with code generated from the various egcs and gcc ports, as well as
the stock public FSF source.

cvs(1) has been updated to 1.11.

The threads library has gained some signal handling changes, bug
fixes, and performance enhancements (including zero system call thread
switching).  gdb(1) thread support has been updated to match these

GDB now supports hardware watchpoints. [4.1.1]

routed(8) has been updated to version 2.22. [4.1.1]

The truncate(1) utility, which truncates or extends the length of
files, has been added. [4.1.1]

syslogd(8) can take a -n option to disable DNS queries for every
request. [4.1.1]

kenv(1), a command to dump the kernel environment, has been added.

The behavior of periodic(8) is now controlled by
/etc/defaults/periodic.conf and /etc/periodic.conf. [4.1.1]

logger(1) can now send messages directly to a remote syslog. [4.1.1]

OpenSSL has been upgraded to 0.9.5a, which includes numerous bugfixes
and enhancements. [4.1.1]

finger(1) now has the ability to support fingering aliases, via the
finger.conf(5) file. [4.1.1]

The xl(4) driver now supports the 3Com 3C556 and 3C556B MiniPCI
adapters used on some laptops. [4.1.1]

killall(1) is now a C program, rather than a Perl script.  As a
result, killall's -m option now uses the regular expression syntax of
regex(3), rather than that of perl(1). [4.1.1]

boot98cfg(8), a PC-98 boot manager installation and configuration
utility, has been added. [4.1.1]

The ifconfig(8) command can set the link-layer address of an
interface.  [4.1.1]

setproctitle(3) has been moved from libutil to libc. [4.1.1]

sed(1) now takes a -E option for extended regular expression
support. [4.1.1]

ln(1) now takes an -i option to request user configuration before
overwriting an existing file. [4.1.1]

tcpdump(1) has received some updates and bugfixes.

User-land ppp(8) has received a number of updates and bugfixes.

The internal procedure for building perl has changed, and no longer
depends on (nor installs) miniperl.  Users upgrading from source
should delete /usr/bin/miniperl.

To improve performance and disk utilization, the "ports skeletons" in
the FreeBSD Ports Collection have been restructured.  Installed ports
and packages should not be affected.

ncurses has been updated to ncurses-5.1-20001009.

make(1) has gained the :C/// (regexp substitution), :L (lowercase),
and :U (uppercase) variable modifiers.  These were added to reduce the
differences between the FreeBSD and OpenBSD/NetBSD make programs.

The "in use" percentage metric displayed by netstat(1) now really
reflects the percentage of network mbufs used.

chio(1) now has the ability to specify elements by volume tag instead
of by their physical location as well as the ability to return an
element to its previous location.

The ISC library from the BIND distribution is now built as libisc.

IP Filter is now supported by the rc.conf(5) boot-time configuration
and initialization.

2. Supported Configurations
FreeBSD currently runs on a wide variety of ISA, VLB, EISA, MCA and PCI
bus based PC's, ranging from 386sx to Pentium class machines (though the
386sx is not recommended).  Support for generic IDE drive
configurations, various SCSI controller, network and serial cards is
also provided.

What follows is a list of all peripherals currently known to work with
FreeBSD.  Other configurations may also work, we have simply not as yet
received confirmation of this.

2.1. Disk Controllers

Adaptec 1535 ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 154x series ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 164x series MCA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 174x series EISA SCSI controller in standard and enhanced mode.
Adaptec 274X/284X/2920C/294x/2950/3940/3950 (Narrow/Wide/Twin) series
EISA/VLB/PCI SCSI controllers.
Adaptec AIC7850, AIC7860, AIC7880, AIC789x, on-board SCSI controllers.
Adaptec 1510 series ISA SCSI controllers (not for bootable devices)
Adaptec 152x series ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec AIC-6260 and AIC-6360 based boards, which includes the AHA-152x
and SoundBlaster SCSI cards.

Adaptec 1400, 2100S, 3200S, and 3400S SCSI RAID controllers.

AdvanSys SCSI controllers (all models).

BusLogic MultiMaster controllers:

[ Please note that BusLogic/Mylex "Flashpoint" adapters are NOT yet supported ]

BusLogic MultiMaster "W" Series Host Adapters:
    BT-948, BT-958, BT-958D
BusLogic MultiMaster "C" Series Host Adapters:
    BT-946C, BT-956C, BT-956CD, BT-445C, BT-747C, BT-757C, BT-757CD, BT-545C,
BusLogic MultiMaster "S" Series Host Adapters:
    BT-445S, BT-747S, BT-747D, BT-757S, BT-757D, BT-545S, BT-542D, BT-742A,
BusLogic MultiMaster "A" Series Host Adapters:
    BT-742A, BT-542B

AMI FastDisk controllers that are true BusLogic MultiMaster clones are also

The Buslogic/Bustek BT-640 and Storage Dimensions SDC3211B and SDC3211F
Microchannel (MCA) bus adapters are also supported.

SmartRAID IV SCSI/RAID controllers are supported.

DPT SmartRAID V and VI SCSI RAID controllers:
    PM1554, PM2554, PM2654, PM2865, PM2754, PM3755, PM3757

AMI MegaRAID Express and Enterprise family RAID controllers:
    MegaRAID 418
    MegaRAID Enterprise 1200 (428)
    MegaRAID Enterprise 1300
    MegaRAID Enterprise 1400
    MegaRAID Enterprise 1500
    MegaRAID Enterprise 1600
    MegaRAID Elite 1500
    MegaRAID Elite 1600
    MegaRAID Express 200
    MegaRAID Express 300
    MegaRAID Express 400
    Dell PERC
    Dell PERC 2/SC
    Dell PERC 2/DC
Some HP NetRAID controllers are OEM versions of AMI designs, and
these are also supported.  Booting from these controllers is supported.

Mylex DAC960 and DAC1100 RAID controllers with 2.x, 3.x, 4.x and 5.x
    AcceleRAID 150
    AcceleRAID 250
    eXtremeRAID 1100
Booting from these controllers is supported. EISA adapters are not

Mylex PCI to SCSI RAID controllers with 6.x firmware:
    AcceleRAID 160
    AcceleRAID 170
    AcceleRAID 352
    eXtremeRAID 2000
    eXtremeRAID 3000
Compatible Mylex controllers not listed should work, but have not been

3ware Escalade ATA RAID controllers.  All members of the 5000 and
6000 series are supported.

SymBios (formerly NCR) 53C810, 53C810a, 53C815, 53C820, 53C825a,
53C860, 53C875, 53C875j, 53C885, 53C895 and 53C896 PCI SCSI controllers:
        ASUS SC-200
        Data Technology DTC3130 (all variants)
	Diamond FirePort (all)
        NCR cards (all)
        Symbios cards (all)
        Tekram DC390W, 390U and 390F
        Tyan S1365

NCR 53C500 based PC-Card SCSI host adapters:
    KME KXLC002(TAXAN ICD-400PN, etc.), KXLC004
    Macnica Miracle SCSI-II mPS110
    Media Intelligent MSC-110, MSC-200
    NEC PC-9801N-J03R
    New Media Corporation BASICS SCSI
    Qlogic Fast SCSI
    RATOC REX-9530, REX-5572 (as SCSI only)

TMC 18C30, 18C50 based ISA/PC-Card SCSI host adapters:
    Future Domain SCSI2GO
    ICM PSC-2401 SCSI
    Melco IFC-SC
    RATOC REX-5536, REX-5536AM, REX-5536M, REX-9836A

QLogic 1020, 1040, 1040B, 1080 and 1240 SCSI Host Adapters.
QLogic 2100 Fibre Channel Adapters (private loop only).

DTC 3290 EISA SCSI controller in 1542 emulation mode.

Workbit Ninja SCSI-3 based PC-Card SCSI host adapters:
    Alpha-Data AD-PCS201

With all supported SCSI controllers, full support is provided for
SCSI-I & SCSI-II peripherals, including hard disks, optical disks,
tape drives (including DAT and 8mm Exabyte), medium changers, processor
target devices and CDROM drives.  WORM devices that support CDROM commands
are supported for read-only access by the CDROM driver.  WORM/CD-R/CD-RW
writing support is provided by cdrecord, which is in the ports tree.

The following CD-ROM type systems are supported at this time:
(cd)    SCSI interface (also includes ProAudio Spectrum and
        SoundBlaster SCSI)
(matcd) Matsushita/Panasonic (Creative SoundBlaster) proprietary
        interface (562/563 models)
(scd)   Sony proprietary interface (all models)
(acd)   ATAPI IDE interface

The following drivers were supported under the old SCSI subsystem, but are
NOT YET supported under the new CAM SCSI subsystem:

  NCR5380/NCR53400 ("ProAudio Spectrum") SCSI controller.

  UltraStor 14F, 24F and 34F SCSI controllers.

  Seagate ST01/02 SCSI controllers.

  Future Domain 8xx/950 series SCSI controllers.

  WD7000 SCSI controller.

  [ Note:  There is work-in-progress to port the UltraStor driver to
    the new CAM SCSI framework, but no estimates on when or if it will
    be completed. ]

Unmaintained drivers, they might or might not work for your hardware:

  (mcd)   Mitsumi proprietary CD-ROM interface (all models)

2.2. Ethernet cards

Adaptec Duralink PCI Fast Ethernet adapters based on the Adaptec
AIC-6915 Fast Ethernet controller chip, including the following:
  ANA-62011 64-bit single port 10/100baseTX adapter
  ANA-62022 64-bit dual port 10/100baseTX adapter
  ANA-62044 64-bit quad port 10/100baseTX adapter
  ANA-69011 32-bit single port 10/100baseTX adapter
  ANA-62020 64-bit single port 100baseFX adapter

Allied-Telesis AT1700 and RE2000 cards

Alteon Networks PCI Gigabit Ethernet NICs based on the Tigon 1 and Tigon 2
chipsets, including the following:
  3Com 3c985-SX (Tigon 1 and 2)
  Alteon AceNIC 1000baseSX (Tigon 1 and 2)
  Alteon AceNIC 1000baseT (Tigon 2)
  DEC/Compaq EtherWORKS 1000
  Farallon PN9000SX
  NEC Gigabit Ethernet
  Netgear GA620 (Tigon 2)
  Netgear GA620T (Tigon 2, 1000baseT)
  Silicon Graphics Gigabit Ethernet

AMD PCnet/PCI (79c970 & 53c974 or 79c974)
PCnet/Home, and HomePNA.

SMC Elite 16 WD8013 Ethernet interface, and most other WD8003E,
WD8003EBT, WD8003W, WD8013W, WD8003S, WD8003SBT and WD8013EBT
based clones.  SMC Elite Ultra.  SMC Etherpower II.

RealTek 8129/8139 Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
  Allied Telesyn AT2550
  Allied Telesyn AT2500TX
  Genius GF100TXR (RTL8139)
  NDC Communications NE100TX-E
  OvisLink LEF-8129TX
  OvisLink LEF-8139TX
  Netronix Inc. EA-1210 NetEther 10/100
  KTX-9130TX 10/100 Fast Ethernet
  Accton "Cheetah" EN1027D (MPX 5030/5038; RealTek 8139 clone?)
  SMC EZ Card 10/100 PCI 1211-TX

Lite-On 82c168/82c169 PNIC Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
  LinkSys EtherFast LNE100TX
  NetGear FA310-TX Rev. D1
  Matrox FastNIC 10/100
  Kingston KNE110TX

Macronix 98713, 98713A, 98715, 98715A and 98725 Fast Ethernet NICs
  NDC Communications SFA100A (98713A)
  CNet Pro120A (98713 or 98713A)
  CNet Pro120B (98715)
  SVEC PN102TX (98713)

Macronix/Lite-On PNIC II LC82C115 Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
  LinkSys EtherFast LNE100TX Version 2

Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
  Trendware TE100-PCIE

VIA Technologies VT3043 "Rhine I" and VT86C100A "Rhine II" Fast Ethernet
NICs including the following:
  Hawking Technologies PN102TX
  D-Link DFE-530TX
  AOpen/Acer ALN-320

Silicon Integrated Systems SiS 900 and SiS 7016 PCI Fast Ethernet NICs

Sundance Technologies ST201 PCI Fast Ethernet NICs including
the following:
  D-Link DFE-550TX

SysKonnect SK-984x PCI Gigabit Ethernet cards including the following:
  SK-9841 1000baseLX single mode fiber, single port
  SK-9842 1000baseSX multimode fiber, single port
  SK-9843 1000baseLX single mode fiber, dual port
  SK-9844 1000baseSX multimode fiber, dual port

Texas Instruments ThunderLAN PCI NICs, including the following:
  Compaq Netelligent 10, 10/100, 10/100 Proliant, 10/100 Dual-Port
  Compaq Netelligent 10/100 TX Embedded UTP, 10 T PCI UTP/Coax, 10/100 TX UTP
  Compaq NetFlex 3P, 3P Integrated, 3P w/ BNC
  Olicom OC-2135/2138, OC-2325, OC-2326 10/100 TX UTP
  Racore 8165 10/100baseTX
  Racore 8148 10baseT/100baseTX/100baseFX multi-personality

ADMtek Inc. AL981-based PCI Fast Ethernet NICs
ADMtek Inc. AN985-based PCI Fast Ethernet NICs
ADMtek Inc. AN986-based USB Ethernet NICs including the following:
  LinkSys USB100TX
  Billionton USB100
  Melco Inc. LUA-TX
  D-Link DSB-650TX
  SMC 2202USB

CATC USB-EL1210A-based USB Ethernet NICs including the following:
  CATC Netmate
  CATC Netmate II
  Belkin F5U111

Kawasaki LSI KU5KUSB101B-based USB Ethernet NICs including
the following:
  LinkSys USB10T
  Entrega NET-USB-E45
  Peracom USB Ethernet Adapter
  3Com 3c19250
  ADS Technologies USB-10BT
  ATen UC10T
  Netgear EA101
  D-Link DSB-650
  SMC 2102USB
  SMC 2104USB
  Corega USB-T

ASIX Electronics AX88140A PCI NICs, including the following:
  Alfa Inc. GFC2204
  CNet Pro110B

DEC EtherWORKS III NICs (DE203, DE204, and DE205)
DEC EtherWORKS II NICs (DE200, DE201, DE202, and DE422)
DEC DC21040, DC21041, or DC21140 based NICs (SMC Etherpower 8432T, DE245, etc)

Davicom DM9100 and DM9102 PCI Fast Ethernet NICs, including the
  Jaton Corporation XpressNet

Fujitsu MB86960A/MB86965A, including the following:
  CONTEC C-NET(PC)C Ethernet
  Eiger Labs EPX-10BT
  Fujitsu FMV-J182, FMV-J182A, MBH10302, MBH10303 Ethernet PCMCIA
  Fujitsu Towa LA501 Ethernet
  HITACHI HT-4840-11
  NextCom J Link NC5310
  RATOC REX-5588, REX-9822, REX-4886, REX-R280

HP PC Lan+ cards (model numbers: 27247B and 27252A).

Intel EtherExpress 16
Intel EtherExpress Pro/10
Intel EtherExpress Pro/100B PCI Fast Ethernet
Intel InBusiness 10/100 PCI Network Adapter
Intel PRO/100+ Management Adapter

Isolan AT 4141-0 (16 bit)
Isolink 4110     (8 bit)

Novell NE1000, NE2000, and NE2100 Ethernet interface.

PCI network cards emulating the NE2000: RealTek 8029, NetVin 5000,
Winbond W89C940, Surecom NE-34, VIA VT86C926.

3Com 3C501 cards

3Com 3C503 Etherlink II

3Com 3c505 Etherlink/+

3Com 3C507 Etherlink 16/TP

3Com 3C509, 3C529 (MCA), 3C579,
3C589/589B/589C/589D/589E/XE589ET/574TX/574B (PC-card/PCMCIA),
3C590/592/595/900/905/905B/905C PCI,
3C556/556B MiniPCI,
and EISA (Fast) Etherlink III / (Fast) Etherlink XL

3Com 3c980/3c980B Fast Etherlink XL server adapter

3Com 3cSOHO100-TX OfficeConnect adapter

Crystal Semiconductor CS89x0-based NICs, including:
  IBM Etherjet ISA

NE2000 compatible PC-Card (PCMCIA) Ethernet/FastEthernet cards,
including the following:
  AR-P500 Ethernet card
  Accton EN2212/EN2216/UE2216(OEM)
  Allied Telesis CentreCOM LA100-PCM_V2
  AmbiCom 10BaseT card
  BayNetworks NETGEAR FA410TXC Fast Ethernet
  CNet BC40 adapter
  Compex Net-A adapter
  CyQ've ELA-010
  D-Link DE-650/660
  Danpex EN-6200P2
  IBM Creditcard Ethernet I/II
  IC-CARD Ethernet/IC-CARD+ Ethernet
  Linksys EC2T/PCMPC100
  Melco LPC-T
  NDC Ethernet Instant-Link
  National Semiconductor InfoMover NE4100
  Network Everywhere Ethernet 10BaseT PC Card
  Planex FNW-3600-T
  Socket LP-E
  Surecom EtherPerfect EP-427
  TDK LAK-CD031,Grey Cell GCS2000 Ethernet Card
  Telecom Device SuperSocket RE450T

Megahertz X-Jack Ethernet PC-Card CC-10BT

Xircom CreditCard adapters(16bit) and workalikes
    Accton EN2226/Fast EtherCard (16-bit verison)
    Compaq Netelligent 10/100 PC Card
    Intel EtherExpress PRO/100 Mobile Adapter (16-bit verison)
    Xircom Realport card + modem(Ethernet part)
    Xircom CreditCard Ethernet 10/100
    Xircom CreditCard 10Base-T "CreditCard Ethernet Adaptor IIps" (PS-CE2-10)
    Xircom CreditCard Ethernet 10/100 + modem (Ethernet part)

National Semiconductor DP8393X (SONIC) Ethernet cards
    NEC PC-9801-83, -84, -103, and -104
    NEC PC-9801N-25 and -J02R

2.3. FDDI


2.4. ATM

   o ATM Host Interfaces
        - FORE Systems, Inc. PCA-200E ATM PCI Adapters
        - Efficient Networks, Inc. ENI-155p ATM PCI Adapters

   o ATM Signalling Protocols
        - The ATM Forum UNI 3.1 signalling protocol
        - The ATM Forum UNI 3.0 signalling protocol
        - The ATM Forum ILMI address registration
        - FORE Systems's proprietary SPANS signalling protocol
        - Permanent Virtual Channels (PVCs)

   o IETF "Classical IP and ARP over ATM" model
        - RFC 1483, "Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5"
        - RFC 1577, "Classical IP and ARP over ATM"
        - RFC 1626, "Default IP MTU for use over ATM AAL5"
        - RFC 1755, "ATM Signaling Support for IP over ATM"
        - RFC 2225, "Classical IP and ARP over ATM"
        - RFC 2334, "Server Cache Synchronization Protocol (SCSP)"
        - Internet Draft draft-ietf-ion-scsp-atmarp-00.txt,
                "A Distributed ATMARP Service Using SCSP"

   o ATM Sockets interface

2.5. Misc

AST 4 port serial card using shared IRQ.

ARNET 8 port serial card using shared IRQ.
ARNET (now Digiboard) Sync 570/i high-speed serial.

Boca BB1004 4-Port serial card (Modems NOT supported)
Boca IOAT66 6-Port serial card (Modems supported)
Boca BB1008 8-Port serial card (Modems NOT supported)
Boca BB2016 16-Port serial card (Modems supported)

Comtrol Rocketport card.

Cyclades Cyclom-y Serial Board.

STB 4 port card using shared IRQ.

SDL Communications Riscom/8 Serial Board.
SDL Communications RISCom/N2 and N2pci high-speed sync serial boards.

Stallion multiport serial boards: EasyIO, EasyConnection 8/32 & 8/64,
ONboard 4/16 and Brumby.

Specialix SI/XIO/SX ISA, EISA and PCI serial expansion cards/modules.

Adlib, SoundBlaster, SoundBlaster Pro, ProAudioSpectrum, Gravis UltraSound
and Roland MPU-401 sound cards. (snd driver)

Advance Asound 100, 110 and Logic ALS120
Crystal Semiconductor CS461x/462x/428x
ENSONIQ AudioPCI ES1370/1371
ESS ES1868, ES1869, ES1879 and ES1888
ESS Maestro-1, Maestro-2, and Maestro-2E
ForteMedia fm801
Gravis UltraSound MAX/PnP
MSS/WSS Compatible DSPs
NeoMagic 256AV/ZX
OPTi 931/82C931
SoundBlaster, Soundblaster Pro, Soundblaster AWE-32, Soundblaster AWE-64
Trident 4DWave DX/NX
VIA Technologies VT82C686A
Yamaha DS1 and DS1e
(newpcm driver)

Connectix QuickCam
Matrox Meteor Video frame grabber
Creative Labs Video Spigot frame grabber
Cortex1 frame grabber
Hauppauge Wincast/TV boards (PCI)
Intel Smart Video Recorder III
Various Frame grabbers based on Brooktree Bt848 / Bt878 chip.

HP4020, HP6020, Philips CDD2000/CDD2660 and Plasmon CD-R drives.

PS/2 mice

Standard PC Joystick

X-10 power controllers

GPIB and Transputer drivers.

Genius and Mustek hand scanners.

Xilinx XC6200 based reconfigurable hardware cards compatible with
the HOT1 from Virtual Computers (

Support for Dave Mills experimental Loran-C receiver.

Lucent Technologies WaveLAN/IEEE 802.11 PCMCIA and ISA standard speed
(2Mbps) and turbo speed (6Mbps) wireless network adapters and workalikes
NCR WaveLAN/IEEE 802.11
Cabletron RoamAbout 802.11 DS
Compaq WL100
Corega KK Wireless LAN PCC-11
Laneed Wireless card
Farallon Skyline 11Mbps Wireless
ICOM SL-1100
Melco Airconnect WLI-PCM-L11
NEC Wireless Card CMZ-RT-WP
Note: the ISA versions of these adapters are actually PCMCIA cards
combined with an ISA to PCMCIA bridge card, so both kinds of devices
work with the same driver.

Aironet 4500/4800 series 802.11 wireless adapters. The PCMCIA,
PCI and ISA adapters are all supported.
Cisco Systems Aironet 340 Series (includes 340, 341, and 342 models)
11Mbps 802.11 wireless NIC

Toshiba Mobile HDD MEHDD20A (Type II)

3. Obtaining FreeBSD

You may obtain FreeBSD in a variety of ways:

3.1. FTP/Mail

You can ftp FreeBSD and any or all of its optional packages from
`' - the official FreeBSD release site.

For other locations that mirror the FreeBSD software see the file
MIRROR.SITES.  Please ftp the distribution from the site closest (in
networking terms) to you.  Additional mirror sites are always welcome!
Contact for more details if you'd like to
become an official mirror site.

3.2. CDROM

FreeBSD 4.x-RELEASE CDs may be ordered on CDROM from:

        4041 Pike Lane, Suite F
        Concord CA  94520
        1-800-786-9907, +1-925-674-0783, +1-925-674-0821 (FAX)

Or via the Internet from or

Cost per -RELEASE CD is $39.95 or $24.95 with a FreeBSD subscription.
FreeBSD SNAPshot CDs, when available, are $39.95 or $14.95 with a
FreeBSD-SNAP subscription (-RELEASE and -SNAP subscriptions are entirely
separate).  With a subscription, you will automatically receive updates as
they are released.  Your credit card will be billed when each disk is
shipped and you may cancel your subscription at any time without further

Shipping (per order not per disc) is $5 in the US, Canada or Mexico
and $9.00 overseas.  They accept Visa, Mastercard, Discover, American
Express or checks in U.S. Dollars and ship COD within the United
States.  California residents please add 8.25% sales tax.

Should you be dissatisfied for any reason, the CD comes with an
unconditional return policy.

4. Upgrading from previous releases of FreeBSD

If you're upgrading from a previous release of FreeBSD, most likely
it's 3.0 and there may be some issues affecting you, depending
of course on your chosen method of upgrading.  There are two popular
ways of upgrading FreeBSD distributions:

        o Using sources, via /usr/src
        o Using sysinstall's (binary) upgrade option.

Please read the UPGRADE.TXT file for more information, preferably
before beginning an upgrade.

5. Reporting problems, making suggestions, submitting code.
Your suggestions, bug reports and contributions of code are always
valued - please do not hesitate to report any problems you may find
(preferably with a fix attached, if you can!).

The preferred method to submit bug reports from a machine with
Internet mail connectivity is to use the send-pr command or use the CGI
script at  Bug reports
will be dutifully filed by our faithful bugfiler program and you can
be sure that we'll do our best to respond to all reported bugs as soon
as possible.  Bugs filed in this way are also visible on our WEB site
in the support section and are therefore valuable both as bug reports
and as "signposts" for other users concerning potential problems to
watch out for.

If, for some reason, you are unable to use the send-pr command to
submit a bug report, you can try to send it to:


Note that send-pr itself is a shell script that should be easy to move
even onto a totally different system.  We much prefer if you could use
this interface, since it make it easier to keep track of the problem
reports.  However, before submitting, please try to make sure whether
the problem might have already been fixed since.

Otherwise, for any questions or tech support issues, please send mail to:


If you're tracking the -stable development efforts, you should
definitely join the -stable mailing list, in order to keep abreast
of recent developments and changes that may affect the way you
use and maintain the system:

Additionally, being a volunteer effort, we are always happy to have
extra hands willing to help - there are already far more desired
enhancements than we'll ever be able to manage by ourselves!  To
contact us on technical matters, or with offers of help, please send
mail to:


Please note that these mailing lists can experience *significant*
amounts of traffic and if you have slow or expensive mail access and
are only interested in keeping up with significant FreeBSD events, you
may find it preferable to subscribe instead to:


All of the mailing lists can be freely joined by anyone wishing
to do so.  Send mail to and include the keyword
`help' on a line by itself somewhere in the body of the message.  This
will give you more information on joining the various lists, accessing
archives, etc.  There are a number of mailing lists targeted at
special interest groups not mentioned here, so send mail to majordomo
and ask about them!

6. Acknowledgements

FreeBSD represents the cumulative work of many dozens, if not
hundreds, of individuals from around the world who have worked very
hard to bring you this release.  For a complete list of FreeBSD
project staffers, please see:

or, if you've loaded the doc distribution:


Special mention to:

        The donors listed at

        And to the many thousands of FreeBSD users and testers all over the
        world, without whom this release simply would not have been possible.

We sincerely hope you enjoy this release of FreeBSD!

                        The FreeBSD Project

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