附錄 C. 網際網路上的資源

內容目錄
C.1. 郵遞論壇(Mailing Lists)
C.2. Usenet Newsgroups
C.3. World Wide Web Servers
C.4. Email Addresses
C.5. Shell Accounts

進展飛快的 FreeBSD 使得現有的印刷、平面媒體跟不上它的最新進度! 反而數位版本的資源,也許有時並不是最好,但通常是唯一一個跟上最新進展的方式。 正由於 FreeBSD 是來自於許多志工的努力,所以廣大的使用者群也通常扮演著 IT技術支援部門 的角色。 只要善用電子郵件和 USENET 新聞群組就可以很快速地聯繫這些社群了。

以下簡介與 FreeBSD 社群搭上線的主要方式。 若你還知道其他這裡沒有列出的資源,請告知 FreeBSD documentation project 郵遞論壇,以便我們更新。

C.1. 郵遞論壇(Mailing Lists)

雖然,大部份的 FreeBSD 開發人員都有看 USENET 新聞群組, 我們也不能保證我們永遠可以及時得知您的問題。 尤其是,若您只在 comp.unix.bsd.freebsd.* 其中群組內發問的話。 建議您將問題發到適當的郵遞論壇(mailing list)上,不但可以同時讓 FreeBSD 開發者和其他看倌們知道,通常也可以得到一個較好的(最起碼會比較快)的回應。

本文後面介紹的是各式不同的郵遞論壇、討論規則(charter)。 在訂閱任何 list 之前,請先閱讀討論規則。 訂閱這些 list 的人們現在每天都會收到數百封 FreeBSD 相關信件。 而討論規則的制訂,則有助於提升彼此討論品質。 否則,這些討論 FreeBSD 的 list 終將陷入溝通不良,而失去其原本美意。

對於該在哪個 list 發問覺得很疑惑的時候,就來看看 《如何在 FreeBSD-questions mailing list 上得到正解》 一文吧

在發表問題、回覆到 list 之前,請先讀過 FreeBSD Mailing Lists 常見問答集(FAQ) 一文以學會如何善用 mailing list ,才能避免像是經常重複的月經文、戰文之類的事情發生。

全部的 mailing lists 討論記錄都可以在 FreeBSD WWW主機 上找到。它提供了很棒的關鍵字搜尋功能,可讓您找到常用問答集(FAQ) 。而在 mailing lists 上發問之前,也請先搜尋是否已有解答。

C.1.1. List 一覽表

一般論壇: 以下的 list 都是一般性質,而且大家可以自由地參與, 我們也鼓勵大家訂閱:

List 名稱目的
cvs-all所有的 FreeBSD 提交(commit)記錄
freebsd-advocacyFreeBSD 惡魔福音電台
freebsd-announce公布重要事件、計劃里程碑
freebsd-arch架構研發討論
freebsd-bugbustersFreeBSD 問題回報(PR)資料庫的維護議題與工具
freebsd-bugsBug 回報
freebsd-chat非技術交流的 FreeBSD 社群聊天區
freebsd-current討論 FreeBSD-CURRENT 版本的 FreeBSD
freebsd-ispFreeBSD 的 ISP 業者技術交流區
freebsd-jobsFreeBSD 人力銀行
freebsd-policyFreeBSD Core team 的 policy 方針討論區。這裡文章不多,且只限 core team 才可發言。
freebsd-questions使用問題及技術支援
freebsd-security-notifications安全漏洞通知
freebsd-stable討論 FreeBSD-STABLE 版本的 FreeBSD
freebsd-test論壇新手發表區,這裡可以讓你小試身手

技術論壇: 以下 list 主是要以探討技術問題為主, 在加入訂閱及討論之前,請務必仔細閱讀每個 list 的版規(charter), 因為它們的討論內容都有很嚴謹的限制。

List 名稱目的
freebsd-acpiACPI 以及電力管理議題
freebsd-afs移植 AFS 到 FreeBSD
freebsd-aic7xxx研發 Adaptec® AIC 7xxx 的驅動程式
freebsd-alpha移植 FreeBSD 到 Alpha 系統架構
freebsd-amd64移植 FreeBSD 到 AMD64 系統架構
freebsd-apache探討 Apache 相關的 ports 議題
freebsd-arm移植 FreeBSD 到 ARM® CPU 架構
freebsd-atm在 FreeBSD 上使用 ATM 網路
freebsd-auditSource code 的稽核(audit)計劃
freebsd-binup研發 binary 的升級方式
freebsd-bluetooth在 FreeBSD 中使用藍芽(Bluetooth®)技術
freebsd-cluster把 FreeBSD 在叢集架構環境(clustered environment)的運用
freebsd-cvswebCVSweb 的維護
freebsd-database討論各式資料庫在 FreeBSD 的研發、運用
freebsd-doc撰寫 FreeBSD 相關文件
freebsd-drivers撰寫 FreeBSD 用的驅動程式
freebsd-eclipseFreeBSD 的 Eclipse IDE 工具愛用者交流
freebsd-emulation在 FreeBSD 上模擬其他系統,如:Linux、MS-DOS®、Windows®
freebsd-firewireFreeBSD 的 FireWire® (iLink, IEEE 1394) 方面技術交流
freebsd-fs檔案系統的探討、研發
freebsd-geomGEOM 議題的探討、研發
freebsd-gnome移植 GNOMEGNOME 相關應用軟體
freebsd-hackers一般技術議題的探討
freebsd-hardwareFreeBSD 上的各式硬體問題交流
freebsd-i18nFreeBSD 的多語化(Internationalization)
freebsd-ia32FreeBSD 在 IA-32 (Intel® x86) 平台上的使用探討
freebsd-ia64移植 FreeBSD 到 Intel® 的未來 IA64 平台架構
freebsd-ipfw對 ipfw(IP firewall) 的技術探討
freebsd-isdnISDN 研發
freebsd-javaJava™ 程式開發者以及移植 JDK™s 到 FreeBSD 上
freebsd-kde移植 KDE 以及 KDE 相關應用程式
freebsd-lfs移植 LFS 到 FreeBSD
freebsd-libh新世代的安裝、打包套件機制
freebsd-mips移植 FreeBSD 到 MIPS®
freebsd-mobile關於各類 mobile computing(比如:筆記型電腦)的研討
freebsd-mozillaMozilla 軟體移植到 FreeBSD
freebsd-multimedia各式影音運用、軟體
freebsd-new-bus各式 bus 架構的技術探討
freebsd-net網路運用探討與 TCP/IP source code
freebsd-openoffice移植 OpenOffice.orgStarOffice 到 FreeBSD
freebsd-performance在高效能/負荷環境下的效能調校(tuning)議題
freebsd-perl探討 Perl 相關 ports 的維護
freebsd-pfpf(packet filter) 防火牆機制的探討
freebsd-platforms討論著重於移植 port 到非 Intel® 架構平台的議題
freebsd-ports關於 Ports Collection 的運用、探討
freebsd-ports-bugsports 相關的 bugs/PRs
freebsd-ppc移植 FreeBSD 到 PowerPC® 系統架構
freebsd-proliantFreeBSD 在 HP ProLiant 主機平台的使用交流
freebsd-pythonPython 在 FreeBSD 上使用的各式議題。
freebsd-qaQA(Quality Assurance)討論,通常會決定是否已經到達可以 release 的程度
freebsd-rcrc.d 機制的討論、研發
freebsd-realtimeFreeBSD 上 realtime extensions 的研發
freebsd-scsiSCSI 方面議題
freebsd-securityFreeBSD 安全漏洞議題
freebsd-small在嵌入式硬體環境的應用、探討
freebsd-smpCPU 對稱多工處理(SMP, [A]Symmetric Multiprocessing)的應用、研討
freebsd-sparc64移植 FreeBSD 到 Sparc® 平台架構
freebsd-standardsFreeBSD 與 C99 及 POSIX®標準的相容議題
freebsd-threadsFreeBSD 上的 Threading 運用、探討
freebsd-testingFreeBSD 的效能與穩定性測試
freebsd-tokenringFreeBSD 的 Token Ring 支援的應用、探討
freebsd-usbFreeBSD 的 USB 支援的應用、探討
freebsd-vuxmlVuXML 漏洞通報架構的探討
freebsd-x11X11 在 FreeBSD 的運用

有訂閱限制的論壇: 以下的 lists 是針對一些特定要求的讀者而設, 而且並不適合當成是一般的公開討論區。 您最好先在某些技術討論區參與一段時間的討論後,再選擇訂閱這些有限制的論壇。 因為如此一來,您可以了解到在這些討論區發言所須的禮儀。

List 名稱目的
freebsd-hubs映射站台(mirror)的交流討論區
freebsd-user-groups社群間的協調
freebsd-vendorsVendors pre-release coordination
freebsd-wwwwww.FreeBSD.org 的管理維護

論壇的摘要版: 上述的各 lists 都有摘要版(digest), 在訂閱 list 之後,就可以先以自己帳號登入,然後個人訂閱選項那邊改為摘要版即可。

CVS lists: 以下的 lists 是提供給想要看各個 tree 的提交(commit)紀錄, 請注意:他們是 唯讀(Read-Only) 性質的 list ,而且不能寄信給這。

List 名稱Source 區域本區簡介 (source for)
cvs-all/usr/(CVSROOT|doc|ports|projects|src)全部的變更記錄(包括各類 CVS commit)
cvs-doc/usr/(doc|www)doc 及 www trees 的所有變更紀錄
cvs-ports/usr/portsports tree 的所有變更紀錄
cvs-projects/usr/projectsprojects tree 的所有變更紀錄
cvs-src/usr/srcsrc tree 的所有變更紀錄

C.1.2. 要如何訂閱

要訂閱 list 的話,請以滑鼠按下上述 list 名稱, 或是到 http://lists.FreeBSD.org/mailman/listinfo 然後即可挑選有興趣的 list 來訂閱了, 該網頁會指示你如何進行訂閱的步驟。

To actually post to a given list you simply send mail to . It will then be redistributed to mailing list members world-wide.

To unsubscribe yourself from a list, click on the URL found at the bottom of every email received from the list. It is also possible to send an email to to unsubscribe yourself.

Again, we would like to request that you keep discussion in the technical mailing lists on a technical track. If you are only interested in important announcements then it is suggested that you join the FreeBSD announcements 郵遞論壇, which is intended only for infrequent traffic.

C.1.3. List Charters

All FreeBSD mailing lists have certain basic rules which must be adhered to by anyone using them. Failure to comply with these guidelines will result in two (2) written warnings from the FreeBSD Postmaster , after which, on a third offense, the poster will removed from all FreeBSD mailing lists and filtered from further posting to them. We regret that such rules and measures are necessary at all, but today's Internet is a pretty harsh environment, it would seem, and many fail to appreciate just how fragile some of its mechanisms are.

Rules of the road:

  • The topic of any posting should adhere to the basic charter of the list it is posted to, e.g. if the list is about technical issues then your posting should contain technical discussion. Ongoing irrelevant chatter or flaming only detracts from the value of the mailing list for everyone on it and will not be tolerated. For free-form discussion on no particular topic, the FreeBSD chat 郵遞論壇 is freely available and should be used instead.

  • No posting should be made to more than 2 mailing lists, and only to 2 when a clear and obvious need to post to both lists exists. For most lists, there is already a great deal of subscriber overlap and except for the most esoteric mixes (say -stable & -scsi), there really is no reason to post to more than one list at a time. If a message is sent to you in such a way that multiple mailing lists appear on the Cc line then the Cc line should also be trimmed before sending it out again. You are still responsible for your own cross-postings, no matter who the originator might have been.

  • Personal attacks and profanity (in the context of an argument) are not allowed, and that includes users and developers alike. Gross breaches of netiquette, like excerpting or reposting private mail when permission to do so was not and would not be forthcoming, are frowned upon but not specifically enforced. However, there are also very few cases where such content would fit within the charter of a list and it would therefore probably rate a warning (or ban) on that basis alone.

  • Advertising of non-FreeBSD related products or services is strictly prohibited and will result in an immediate ban if it is clear that the offender is advertising by spam.

Individual list charters:

freebsd-acpi

ACPI and power management development

freebsd-afs

Andrew File System

This list is for discussion on porting and using AFS from CMU/Transarc

freebsd-announce

Important events / milestones

This is the mailing list for people interested only in occasional announcements of significant FreeBSD events. This includes announcements about snapshots and other releases. It contains announcements of new FreeBSD capabilities. It may contain calls for volunteers etc. This is a low volume, strictly moderated mailing list.

freebsd-arch

Architecture and design discussions

This list is for discussion of the FreeBSD architecture. Messages will mostly be kept strictly technical in nature. Examples of suitable topics are:

  • How to re-vamp the build system to have several customized builds running at the same time.

  • What needs to be fixed with VFS to make Heidemann layers work.

  • How do we change the device driver interface to be able to use the same drivers cleanly on many buses and architectures.

  • How to write a network driver.

freebsd-audit

Source code audit project

This is the mailing list for the FreeBSD source code audit project. Although this was originally intended for security-related changes, its charter has been expanded to review any code changes.

This list is very heavy on patches, and is probably of no interest to the average FreeBSD user. Security discussions not related to a particular code change are held on freebsd-security. Conversely, all developers are encouraged to send their patches here for review, especially if they touch a part of the system where a bug may adversely affect the integrity of the system.

freebsd-binup

FreeBSD Binary Update Project

This list exists to provide discussion for the binary update system, or binup. Design issues, implementation details, patches, bug reports, status reports, feature requests, commit logs, and all other things related to binup are fair game.

freebsd-bluetooth

Bluetooth® in FreeBSD

This is the forum where FreeBSD's Bluetooth® users congregate. Design issues, implementation details, patches, bug reports, status reports, feature requests, and all matters related to Bluetooth® are fair game.

freebsd-bugbusters

Coordination of the Problem Report handling effort

The purpose of this list is to serve as a coordination and discussion forum for the Bugmeister, his Bugbusters, and any other parties who have a genuine interest in the PR database. This list is not for discussions about specific bugs, patches or PRs.

freebsd-bugs

Bug reports

This is the mailing list for reporting bugs in FreeBSD. Whenever possible, bugs should be submitted using the send-pr(1) command or the WEB interface to it.

freebsd-chat

Non technical items related to the FreeBSD community

This list contains the overflow from the other lists about non-technical, social information. It includes discussion about whether Jordan looks like a toon ferret or not, whether or not to type in capitals, who is drinking too much coffee, where the best beer is brewed, who is brewing beer in their basement, and so on. Occasional announcements of important events (such as upcoming parties, weddings, births, new jobs, etc) can be made to the technical lists, but the follow ups should be directed to this -chat list.

freebsd-core

FreeBSD core team

This is an internal mailing list for use by the core members. Messages can be sent to it when a serious FreeBSD-related matter requires arbitration or high-level scrutiny.

freebsd-current

Discussions about the use of FreeBSD-CURRENT

This is the mailing list for users of FreeBSD-CURRENT. It includes warnings about new features coming out in -CURRENT that will affect the users, and instructions on steps that must be taken to remain -CURRENT. Anyone running CURRENT must subscribe to this list. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-cvsweb

FreeBSD CVSweb Project

Technical discussions about use, development and maintenance of FreeBSD-CVSweb.

freebsd-doc

Documentation project

This mailing list is for the discussion of issues and projects related to the creation of documentation for FreeBSD. The members of this mailing list are collectively referred to as The FreeBSD Documentation Project. It is an open list; feel free to join and contribute!

freebsd-drivers

Writing device drivers for FreeBSD

This is a forum for technical discussions related to device drivers on FreeBSD. It is primarily a place for device driver writers to ask questions about how to write device drivers using the APIs in the FreeBSD kernel.

freebsd-eclipse

FreeBSD users of Eclipse IDE, tools, rich client applications and ports.

The intention of this list is to provide mutual support for everything to do with choosing, installing, using, developing and maintaining the Eclipse IDE, tools, rich client applications on the FreeBSD platform and assisting with the porting of Eclipse IDE and plugins to the FreeBSD environment.

The intention is also to facilitate exchange of information between the Eclipse community and the FreeBSD community to the mutual benefit of both.

Although this list is focused primarily on the needs of Eclipse users it will also provide a forum for those who would like to develop FreeBSD specific applications using the Eclipse framework.

freebsd-emulation

Emulation of other systems such as Linux/MS-DOS®/Windows®

This is a forum for technical discussions related to running programs written for other operating systems on FreeBSD.

freebsd-firewire

FireWire® (iLink, IEEE 1394)

This is a mailing list for discussion of the design and implementation of a FireWire® (aka IEEE 1394 aka iLink) subsystem for FreeBSD. Relevant topics specifically include the standards, bus devices and their protocols, adapter boards/cards/chips sets, and the architecture and implementation of code for their proper support.

freebsd-fs

File systems

Discussions concerning FreeBSD file systems. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-geom

GEOM

Discussions specific to GEOM and related implementations. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-gnome

GNOME

Discussions concerning The GNOME Desktop Environment for FreeBSD systems. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-ipfw

IP Firewall

This is the forum for technical discussions concerning the redesign of the IP firewall code in FreeBSD. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-ia64

Porting FreeBSD to IA64

This is a technical mailing list for individuals actively working on porting FreeBSD to the IA-64 platform from Intel®, to bring up problems or discuss alternative solutions. Individuals interested in following the technical discussion are also welcome.

freebsd-isdn

ISDN Communications

This is the mailing list for people discussing the development of ISDN support for FreeBSD.

freebsd-java

Java™ Development

This is the mailing list for people discussing the development of significant Java™ applications for FreeBSD and the porting and maintenance of JDK™s.

freebsd-jobs

Jobs offered and sought

This is a forum for posting employment notices and resumes specifically related to FreeBSD, e.g. if you are seeking FreeBSD-related employment or have a job involving FreeBSD to advertise then this is the right place. This is not a mailing list for general employment issues since adequate forums for that already exist elsewhere.

Note that this list, like other FreeBSD.org mailing lists, is distributed worldwide. Thus, you need to be clear about location and the extent to which telecommuting or assistance with relocation is available.

Email should use open formats only —— preferably plain text, but basic Portable Document Format (PDF), HTML, and a few others are acceptable to many readers. Closed formats such as Microsoft® Word (.doc) will be rejected by the mailing list server.

freebsd-kde

KDE

Discussions concerning KDE on FreeBSD systems. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-hackers

Technical discussions

This is a forum for technical discussions related to FreeBSD. This is the primary technical mailing list. It is for individuals actively working on FreeBSD, to bring up problems or discuss alternative solutions. Individuals interested in following the technical discussion are also welcome. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-hardware

General discussion of FreeBSD hardware

General discussion about the types of hardware that FreeBSD runs on, various problems and suggestions concerning what to buy or avoid.

freebsd-hubs

Mirror sites

Announcements and discussion for people who run FreeBSD mirror sites.

freebsd-isp

Issues for Internet Service Providers

This mailing list is for discussing topics relevant to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) using FreeBSD. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-openoffice

OpenOffice.org

Discussions concerning the porting and maintenance of OpenOffice.org and StarOffice.

freebsd-performance

Discussions about tuning or speeding up FreeBSD

This mailing list exists to provide a place for hackers, administrators, and/or concerned parties to discuss performance related topics pertaining to FreeBSD. Acceptable topics includes talking about FreeBSD installations that are either under high load, are experiencing performance problems, or are pushing the limits of FreeBSD. Concerned parties that are willing to work toward improving the performance of FreeBSD are highly encouraged to subscribe to this list. This is a highly technical list ideally suited for experienced FreeBSD users, hackers, or administrators interested in keeping FreeBSD fast, robust, and scalable. This list is not a question-and-answer list that replaces reading through documentation, but it is a place to make contributions or inquire about unanswered performance related topics.

freebsd-pf

Discussion and questions about the packet filter firewall system

Discussion concerning the packet filter (pf) firewall system in terms of FreeBSD. Technical discussion and user questions are both welcome. This list is also a place to discuss the ALTQ QoS framework.

freebsd-platforms

Porting to Non Intel® platforms

Cross-platform FreeBSD issues, general discussion and proposals for non Intel® FreeBSD ports. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-policy

Core team policy decisions

This is a low volume, read-only mailing list for FreeBSD Core Team Policy decisions.

freebsd-ports

Discussion of ports

Discussions concerning FreeBSD's ports collection (/usr/ports), ports infrastructure, and general ports coordination efforts. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-ports-bugs

Discussion of ports bugs

Discussions concerning problem reports for FreeBSD's ports collection (/usr/ports), proposed ports, or modifications to ports. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-proliant

Technical discussion of FreeBSD on HP ProLiant server platforms

This mailing list is to be used for the technical discussion of the usage of FreeBSD on HP ProLiant servers, including the discussion of ProLiant-specific drivers, management software, configuration tools, and BIOS updates. As such, this is the primary place to discuss the hpasmd, hpasmcli, and hpacucli modules.

freebsd-python

Python on FreeBSD

This is a list for discussions related to improving Python-support on FreeBSD. This is a technical mailing list. It is for individuals working on porting Python, its 3rd party modules and Zope stuff to FreeBSD. Individuals interested in following the technical discussion are also welcome.

freebsd-questions

User questions

This is the mailing list for questions about FreeBSD. You should not send how to questions to the technical lists unless you consider the question to be pretty technical.

freebsd-scsi

SCSI subsystem

This is the mailing list for people working on the SCSI subsystem for FreeBSD. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-security

Security issues

FreeBSD computer security issues (DES, Kerberos, known security holes and fixes, etc). This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical discussion is expected. Note that this is not a question-and-answer list, but that contributions (BOTH question AND answer) to the FAQ are welcome.

freebsd-security-notifications

Security Notifications

Notifications of FreeBSD security problems and fixes. This is not a discussion list. The discussion list is FreeBSD-security.

freebsd-small

Using FreeBSD in embedded applications

This list discusses topics related to unusually small and embedded FreeBSD installations. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-stable

Discussions about the use of FreeBSD-STABLE

This is the mailing list for users of FreeBSD-STABLE. It includes warnings about new features coming out in -STABLE that will affect the users, and instructions on steps that must be taken to remain -STABLE. Anyone running STABLE should subscribe to this list. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-standards

C99 & POSIX Conformance

This is a forum for technical discussions related to FreeBSD Conformance to the C99 and the POSIX standards.

freebsd-usb

Discussing FreeBSD support for USB

This is a mailing list for technical discussions related to FreeBSD support for USB.

freebsd-user-groups

User Group Coordination List

This is the mailing list for the coordinators from each of the local area Users Groups to discuss matters with each other and a designated individual from the Core Team. This mail list should be limited to meeting synopsis and coordination of projects that span User Groups.

freebsd-vendors

Vendors

Coordination discussions between The FreeBSD Project and Vendors of software and hardware for FreeBSD.

C.1.4. Filtering on the Mailing Lists

The FreeBSD mailing lists are filtered in multiple ways to avoid the distribution of spam, viruses, and other unwanted emails. The filtering actions described in this section do not include all those used to protect the mailing lists.

Only certain types of attachments are allowed on the mailing lists. All attachments with a MIME content type not found in the list below will be stripped before an email is distributed on the mailing lists.

  • application/octet-stream

  • application/pdf

  • application/pgp-signature

  • application/x-pkcs7-signature

  • message/rfc822

  • multipart/alternative

  • multipart/related

  • multipart/signed

  • text/html

  • text/plain

  • text/x-diff

  • text/x-patch

注意:

Some of the mailing lists might allow attachments of other MIME content types, but the above list should be applicable for most of the mailing lists.

If an email contains both an HTML and a plain text version, the HTML version will be removed. If an email contains only an HTML version, it will be converted to plain text.

All FreeBSD documents are available for download at http://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/doc/

Questions that are not answered by the documentation may be sent to <freebsd-questions@FreeBSD.org>.
Send questions about this document to <freebsd-doc@FreeBSD.org>.