Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Man Pages

Man Page or Keyword Search:
Man Architecture
Apropos Keyword Search (all sections) Output format
home | help
VACATION(1)							   VACATION(1)

NAME
       vacation	- E-mail auto-responder

SYNOPSIS
       vacation	 [-a alias] [-C	cffile]	[-d] [-f database] [-i]	[-I] [-j] [-l]
       [-m message] [-R	returnaddr] [-r	interval] [-s address] [-t time]  [-U]
       [-x] [-z] login

DESCRIPTION
       Vacation	 returns  a message, ~/.vacation.msg by	default, to the	sender
       informing them that you are currently not reading your mail.  The  mes-
       sage  is	 only  sent  to	 each  sender  once per	reply interval (see -r
       below).	The intended use is in a .forward  file.   For	example,  your
       .forward	file might have:

	      \eric, "|/usr/bin/vacation -a allman eric"

       which  would  send  messages to you (assuming your login	name was eric)
       and reply to any	messages for ``eric'' or ``allman''.

       Available options:

       -a alias
	      Handle messages for alias	in the same manner as  those  received
	      for the user's login name.

       -C cfpath
	      Specify  pathname	 of  the  sendmail  configuration  file.  This
	      option is	ignored	if -U is specified.  This option  defaults  to
	      the   standard   sendmail	  configuration	  file,	  located   at
	      /etc/mail/sendmail.cf on most systems.

       -d     Send error/debug messages	to stderr instead of  syslog.	Other-
	      wise,  fatal  errors,  such  as  calling vacation	with incorrect
	      arguments, or with non-existent logins, are logged in the	system
	      log file,	using syslog(8).  This should only be used on the com-
	      mand line, not in	your .forward file.

       -f filename
	      Use filename as name of the database instead  of	~/.vacation.db
	      or  ~/.vacation.{dir,pag}.  Unless the filename starts with / it
	      is relative to ~.

       -i     Initialize the vacation  database	 files.	  It  should  be  used
	      before  you modify your .forward file.  This should only be used
	      on the command line, not in your .forward	file.

       -I     Same as -i (for backwards	compatibility).	 This should  only  be
	      used on the command line,	not in your .forward file.

       -j     Respond to the message regardless	of whether the login is	listed
	      as a recipient for the message.  Do not use this flag unless you
	      are  sure	 of the	consequences.  For example, this will cause to
	      reply to mailing list messages which may result in removing  you
	      from the list.

       -l     List  the	 content  of  the vacation database file including the
	      address and the associated time of  the  last  auto-response  to
	      that address.  This should only be used on the command line, not
	      in your .forward file.

       -m filename
	      Use filename as name of the file containing the message to  send
	      instead  of  ~/.vacation.msg.  Unless the	filename starts	with /
	      it is relative to	~.

       -R returnaddr
	      Set the reply envelope sender address

       -r interval
	      Set the reply interval to	interval days.	 The  default  is  one
	      week.   An interval of ``0'' or ``infinite'' (actually, any non-
	      numeric character) will never send more than one reply.  The  -r
	      option  should  only  be used when the vacation database is ini-
	      tialized (see -i above).

       -s address
	      Use address instead of the incoming message  sender  address  on
	      the From line as the recipient for the vacation message.

       -t time
	      Ignored,	available  only	 for compatibility with	Sun's vacation
	      program.

       -U     Do not attempt to	lookup login in	the password file.  The	-f and
	      -m options must be used to specify the database and message file
	      since there is no	home directory for the	default	 settings  for
	      these options.

       -x     Reads  an	 exclusion  list  from	stdin  (one address per	line).
	      Mails coming from	an address in this exclusion list won't	get  a
	      reply  by	 vacation.  It is possible to exclude complete domains
	      by specifying ``@domain''	as  element  of	 the  exclusion	 list.
	      This  should only	be used	on the command line, not in your .for-
	      ward file.

       -z     Set the sender of	the vacation message to	``<>'' instead of  the
	      user.   This  probably violates the RFCs since vacation messages
	      are not required	by  a  standards-track	RFC  to	 have  a  null
	      reverse-path.

       Vacation	 reads	the  first  line  from	the  standard input for	a UNIX
       ``From''	line to	 determine  the	 sender.   Sendmail(8)	includes  this
       ``From''	line automatically.

       No message will be sent unless login (or	an alias supplied using	the -a
       option) is part of either the ``To:'' or	``Cc:''	headers	of  the	 mail.
       No   messages   from   ``???-REQUEST'',	``???-RELAY'',	``???-OWNER'',
       ``OWNER-???'', ``Postmaster'', ``UUCP'',	``MAILER'',  or	 ``MAILER-DAE-
       MON'' will be replied to	(where these strings are case insensitive) nor
       is a notification sent  if  a  ``Precedence:  bulk''  or	 ``Precedence:
       junk''  line is included	in the mail headers.  The people who have sent
       you messages are	maintained as a	db(3) or dbm(3)	database in  the  file
       .vacation.db or .vacation.{dir,pag} in your home	directory.

       Vacation	expects	a file .vacation.msg, in your home directory, contain-
       ing a message to	be sent	back to	each sender.  It should	be  an	entire
       message (including headers).  For example, it might contain:

	      From: eric@CS.Berkeley.EDU (Eric Allman)
	      Subject: I am on vacation
	      Delivered-By-The-Graces-Of: The Vacation program
	      Precedence: bulk

	      I	am on vacation until July 22.  If you have something urgent,
	      please contact Keith Bostic <bostic@CS.Berkeley.EDU>.
	      --eric

FILES
       ~/.vacation.db	 default database file for db(3)

       ~/.vacation.{dir,pag}
			 default database file for dbm(3)

       ~/.vacation.msg	 default message to send

SEE ALSO
       sendmail(8), syslog(8)

HISTORY
       The vacation command appeared in	4.3BSD.

			 $Date:	2002/06/27 23:51:52 $		   VACATION(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FILES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<http://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=vacation&sektion=1&manpath=FreeBSD+9.2-RELEASE>

home | help