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STRFTIME(3)	       FreeBSD Library Functions Manual		   STRFTIME(3)

NAME
     strftime -- format	date and time

LIBRARY
     Standard C	Library	(libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <time.h>

     size_t
     strftime(char * restrict buf, size_t maxsize,
	 const char * restrict format, const struct tm * restrict timeptr);

     size_t
     strftime_l(char *restrict buf, size_t maxsize,
	 const char * restrict format, const struct tm *restrict timeptr,
	 locale_t loc);

DESCRIPTION
     The strftime() function formats the information from timeptr into the
     buffer buf	according to the string	pointed	to by format.  The function
     strftime_l() does the same	as strftime() but takes	an explicit locale
     rather than using the current locale.

     The format	string consists	of zero	or more	conversion specifications and
     ordinary characters.  All ordinary	characters are copied directly into
     the buffer.  A conversion specification consists of a percent sign
     ```%''' and one other character.

     No	more than maxsize characters will be placed into the array.  If	the
     total number of resulting characters, including the terminating NUL char-
     acter, is not more	than maxsize, strftime() returns the number of charac-
     ters in the array,	not counting the terminating NUL.  Otherwise, zero is
     returned and the buffer contents are indeterminate.

     The conversion specifications are copied to the buffer after expansion as
     follows:-

     %A	   is replaced by national representation of the full weekday name.

     %a	   is replaced by national representation of the abbreviated weekday
	   name.

     %B	   is replaced by national representation of the full month name.

     %b	   is replaced by national representation of the abbreviated month
	   name.

     %C	   is replaced by (year	/ 100) as decimal number; single digits	are
	   preceded by a zero.

     %c	   is replaced by national representation of time and date.

     %D	   is equivalent to ``%m/%d/%y''.

     %d	   is replaced by the day of the month as a decimal number (01-31).

     %E* %O*
	   POSIX locale	extensions.  The sequences %Ec %EC %Ex %EX %Ey %EY %Od
	   %Oe %OH %OI %Om %OM %OS %Ou %OU %OV %Ow %OW %Oy are supposed	to
	   provide alternate representations.

	   Additionally	%OB implemented	to represent alternative months	names
	   (used standalone, without day mentioned).

     %e	   is replaced by the day of the month as a decimal number (1-31);
	   single digits are preceded by a blank.

     %F	   is equivalent to ``%Y-%m-%d''.

     %G	   is replaced by a year as a decimal number with century.  This year
	   is the one that contains the	greater	part of	the week (Monday as
	   the first day of the	week).

     %g	   is replaced by the same year	as in ``%G'', but as a decimal number
	   without century (00-99).

     %H	   is replaced by the hour (24-hour clock) as a	decimal	number
	   (00-23).

     %h	   the same as %b.

     %I	   is replaced by the hour (12-hour clock) as a	decimal	number
	   (01-12).

     %j	   is replaced by the day of the year as a decimal number (001-366).

     %k	   is replaced by the hour (24-hour clock) as a	decimal	number (0-23);
	   single digits are preceded by a blank.

     %l	   is replaced by the hour (12-hour clock) as a	decimal	number (1-12);
	   single digits are preceded by a blank.

     %M	   is replaced by the minute as	a decimal number (00-59).

     %m	   is replaced by the month as a decimal number	(01-12).

     %n	   is replaced by a newline.

     %O*   the same as %E*.

     %p	   is replaced by national representation of either "ante meridiem"
	   (a.m.)  or "post meridiem" (p.m.)  as appropriate.

     %R	   is equivalent to ``%H:%M''.

     %r	   is equivalent to ``%I:%M:%S %p''.

     %S	   is replaced by the second as	a decimal number (00-60).

     %s	   is replaced by the number of	seconds	since the Epoch, UTC (see
	   mktime(3)).

     %T	   is equivalent to ``%H:%M:%S''.

     %t	   is replaced by a tab.

     %U	   is replaced by the week number of the year (Sunday as the first day
	   of the week)	as a decimal number (00-53).

     %u	   is replaced by the weekday (Monday as the first day of the week) as
	   a decimal number (1-7).

     %V	   is replaced by the week number of the year (Monday as the first day
	   of the week)	as a decimal number (01-53).  If the week containing
	   January 1 has four or more days in the new year, then it is week 1;
	   otherwise it	is the last week of the	previous year, and the next
	   week	is week	1.

     %v	   is equivalent to ``%e-%b-%Y''.

     %W	   is replaced by the week number of the year (Monday as the first day
	   of the week)	as a decimal number (00-53).

     %w	   is replaced by the weekday (Sunday as the first day of the week) as
	   a decimal number (0-6).

     %X	   is replaced by national representation of the time.

     %x	   is replaced by national representation of the date.

     %Y	   is replaced by the year with	century	as a decimal number.

     %y	   is replaced by the year without century as a	decimal	number
	   (00-99).

     %Z	   is replaced by the time zone	name.

     %z	   is replaced by the time zone	offset from UTC; a leading plus	sign
	   stands for east of UTC, a minus sign	for west of UTC, hours and
	   minutes follow with two digits each and no delimiter	between	them
	   (common form	for RFC	822 date headers).

     %+	   is replaced by national representation of the date and time (the
	   format is similar to	that produced by date(1)).

     %-*   GNU libc extension.	Do not do any padding when performing numeri-
	   cal outputs.

     %_*   GNU libc extension.	Explicitly specify space for padding.

     %0*   GNU libc extension.	Explicitly specify zero	for padding.

     %%	   is replaced by `%'.

SEE ALSO
     date(1), printf(1), ctime(3), printf(3), strptime(3), wcsftime(3)

STANDARDS
     The strftime() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 (``ISO C90'') with
     a lot of extensions including `%C', `%D', `%E*', `%e', `%G', `%g',	`%h',
     `%k', `%l', `%n', `%O*', `%R', `%r', `%s',	`%T', `%t', `%u', `%V',	`%z',
     `%+'.

     The peculiar week number and year in the replacements of `%G', `%g' and
     `%V' are defined in ISO 8601: 1988.  The strftime_l() function conforms
     to	IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (``POSIX.1'').

BUGS
     There is no conversion specification for the phase	of the moon.

     The strftime() function does not correctly	handle multibyte characters in
     the format	argument.

FreeBSD	9.2			 June 25, 2012			   FreeBSD 9.2

NAME | LIBRARY | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS | BUGS

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