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STARTX(1)							     STARTX(1)

NAME
       startx -	initialize an X	session

SYNOPSIS
       startx  [  [ client ] options ... ] [ --	[ server ] [ display ] options
       ... ]

DESCRIPTION
       The startx script is a front end	to xinit(1) that provides  a  somewhat
       nicer  user interface for running a single session of the X Window Sys-
       tem.  It	is often run with no arguments.

       Arguments immediately following the startx command are used to start  a
       client in the same manner as xinit(1).  The special argument '--' marks
       the end of client arguments and the beginning of	 server	 options.   It
       may  be convenient to specify server options with startx	to change on a
       per-session basis the default color depth, the server's notion  of  the
       number  of dots-per-inch	the display device presents, or	take advantage
       of a different server layout, as	permitted by the  Xorg(1)  server  and
       specified in the	xorg.conf(5) configuration.  Some examples of specify-
       ing server arguments follow; consult the	manual page for	your X	server
       to determine which arguments are	legal.

	      startx --	-depth 16

	      startx --	-dpi 100

	      startx --	-layout	Multihead

       To  determine  the  client to run, startx first looks for a file	called
       .xinitrc	in the user's home directory.  If that is not found,  it  uses
       the  file  xinitrc  in  the  xinit  library directory.  If command line
       client options are given, they override this behavior and revert	to the
       xinit(1)	 behavior.  To determine the server to run, startx first looks
       for a file called .xserverrc in the user's home directory.  If that  is
       not  found,  it uses the	file xserverrc in the xinit library directory.
       If command line server options are given, they override	this  behavior
       and  revert  to	the xinit(1) behavior.	Users rarely need to provide a
       .xserverrc file.	 See the xinit(1) manual page for more details on  the
       arguments.

       The   system-wide   xinitrc  and	 xserverrc  files  are	found  in  the
       /usr/local/etc/X11/xinit	directory.

       The .xinitrc is typically a shell  script  which	 starts	 many  clients
       according  to  the  user's  preference.	 When this shell script	exits,
       startx kills the	server and performs any	other session shutdown needed.
       Most  of	 the  clients  started	by .xinitrc should be run in the back-
       ground.	The last client	should run in the foreground; when  it	exits,
       the  session  will exit.	 People	often choose a session manager,	window
       manager,	or xterm as the	''magic'' client.

EXAMPLE
       Below is	a sample .xinitrc that starts several applications and	leaves
       the  window manager running as the ''last'' application.	 Assuming that
       the window manager has been configured properly,	the user then  chooses
       the ''Exit'' menu item to shut down X.

	   xrdb	-load $HOME/.Xresources
	   xsetroot -solid gray	&
	   xbiff -geometry -430+5 &
	   oclock -geometry 75x75-0-0 &
	   xload -geometry -80-0 &
	   xterm -geometry +0+60 -ls &
	   xterm -geometry +0-100 &
	   xconsole -geometry -0+0 -fn 5x7 &
	   exec	twm

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       DISPLAY			This variable gets set to the name of the dis-
				play to	which clients  should  connect.	  Note
				that this gets set, not	read.

       XAUTHORITY		This  variable,	 if  not already defined, gets
				set to $(HOME)/.Xauthority.  This is  to  pre-
				vent  the  X  server,  if  not given the -auth
				argument, from automatically setting up	 inse-
				cure  host-based  authentication for the local
				host.  See  the	 Xserver(1)  and  Xsecurity(7)
				manual	 pages	 for  more  information	 on  X
				client/server authentication.

FILES
       $(HOME)/.xinitrc		Client to run.	Typically a shell script which
				runs many programs in the background.

       $(HOME)/.xserverrc	Server to run.	The default is X.

       /usr/local/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc
				Client	to  run	 if  the  user has no .xinitrc
				file.

       /usr/local/etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc
				Server to run if the user  has	no  .xserverrc
				file.

SEE ALSO
       xinit(1), X(7), Xserver(1), Xorg(1), xorg.conf(5)

X Version 11			  xinit	1.3.4			     STARTX(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXAMPLE | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | FILES | SEE ALSO

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