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STARTX(1)							     STARTX(1)

NAME
       startx -	initialize an X	session

SYNOPSIS
       startx [	[ client ] options ... ] [ -- [	server ] options ... ]

DESCRIPTION
       The  startx  script  is	a  front end to	xinit that provides a somewhat
       nicer user interface for	running	a single session of the	X Window  Sys-
       tem.  It	is often run with no arguments.

       Arguments  immediately following	the startx command are used to start a
       client in the same manner as xinit(1).  The special argument '--' marks
       the  end	 of  client arguments and the beginning	of server options.  It
       may be convenient to specify server options with	startx to change on  a
       per-session  basis  the default color depth, the	server's notion	of the
       number of dots-per-inch the display device presents, or take  advantage
       of a different server layout, as	permitted by the XFree86(1) server and
       specified in the	 XF86Config(5)	file.	Some  examples	of  specifying
       server  arguments  follow; consult the manual page for your X server to
       determine which arguments are legal.

	      startx --	-depth 16

	      startx --	-dpi 100

	      startx --	-layout	Multihead

       To determine the	client to run, startx first looks for  a  file	called
       .xinitrc	 in  the user's	home directory.	 If that is not	found, it uses
       the file	xinitrc	in the	xinit  library	directory.   If	 command  line
       client options are given, they override this behavior and revert	to the
       xinit(1)	behavior.  To determine	the server to run, startx first	 looks
       for  a file called .xserverrc in	the user's home	directory.  If that is
       not found, it uses the file xserverrc in	the xinit  library  directory.
       If  command  line server	options	are given, they	override this behavior
       and revert to the xinit(1) behavior.  Users rarely need	to  provide  a
       .xserverrc  file.  See the xinit(1) manual page for more	details	on the
       arguments.

       The  system-wide	 xinitrc  and  xserverrc  files	 are  found   in   the
       /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/xinit	directory.

       The  .xinitrc  is  typically  a	shell script which starts many clients
       according to the	user's preference.   When  this	 shell	script	exits,
       startx kills the	server and performs any	other session shutdown needed.
       Most of the clients started by .xinitrc should  be  run	in  the	 back-
       ground.	 The  last client should run in	the foreground;	when it	exits,
       the session will	exit.  People often choose a session  manager,	window
       manager,	or xterm as the	''magic'' client.

EXAMPLE
       Below  is a sample .xinitrc that	starts several applications and	leaves
       the window manager running as the ''last'' application.	Assuming  that
       the  window manager has been configured properly, the user then chooses
       the ''Exit'' menu item to shut down X.

	   xrdb	-load $HOME/.Xresources
	   xsetroot -solid gray	&
	   xbiff -geometry -430+5 &
	   oclock -geometry 75x75-0-0 &
	   xload -geometry -80-0 &
	   xterm -geometry +0+60 -ls &
	   xterm -geometry +0-100 &
	   xconsole -geometry -0+0 -fn 5x7 &
	   exec	twm

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       DISPLAY			This variable gets set to the name of the dis-
				play  to  which	 clients should	connect.  Note
				that this gets set, not	read.

       XAUTHORITY		This variable, if not  already	defined,  gets
				set  to	 $(HOME)/.Xauthority.  This is to pre-
				vent the X server,  if	not  given  the	 -auth
				argument,  from	automatically setting up inse-
				cure host-based	authentication for  the	 local
				host.	See  the  Xserver(1)  and Xsecurity(7)
				manual	pages  for  more  information	on   X
				client/server authentication.

FILES
       $(HOME)/.xinitrc		Client to run.	Typically a shell script which
				runs many programs in the background.

       $(HOME)/.xserverrc	Server to run.	The default is X.

       /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/xinit/xinitrc
				Client to run if  the  user  has  no  .xinitrc
				file.

       /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/xinit/xserverrc
				Server	to  run	 if the	user has no .xserverrc
				file.

SEE ALSO
       xinit(1), Xserver(1), XFree86(1)

XFree86				 Version 4.7.0			     STARTX(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXAMPLE | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | FILES | SEE ALSO

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<http://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=startx&sektion=1&manpath=XFree86+4.7.0>

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