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STARTX(1)							     STARTX(1)

NAME
       startx -	initialize an X	session

SYNOPSIS
       startx  [  [ client ] options ... ] [ --	[ server ] [ display ] options
       ... ]

DESCRIPTION
       The startx script is a front end	to  xinit  that	 provides  a  somewhat
       nicer  user interface for running a single session of the X Window Sys-
       tem.  It	is often run with no arguments.

       Arguments immediately following the startx command are used to start  a
       client in the same manner as xinit(1).  The special argument '--' marks
       the end of client arguments and the beginning of	 server	 options.   It
       may  be convenient to specify server options with startx	to change on a
       per-session basis the default color depth, the server's notion  of  the
       number  of dots-per-inch	the display device presents, or	take advantage
       of a different server layout, as	permitted by the  Xorg(1)  server  and
       specified in the	xorg.conf(5) file.  Some examples of specifying	server
       arguments follow; consult the manual page for your X server  to	deter-
       mine which arguments are	legal.

	      startx --	-depth 16

	      startx --	-dpi 100

	      startx --	-layout	Multihead

       To  determine  the  client to run, startx first looks for a file	called
       .xinitrc	in the user's home directory.  If that is not found,  it  uses
       the file	xinitrc	in the xinit library directory.

       If  command  line client	options	are given, they	override this behavior
       and revert to the xinit(1) behavior.  To	determine the server  to  run,
       startx  first  looks  for  a  file called .xserverrc in the user's home
       directory.  If that is not found, it uses the  file  xserverrc  in  the
       xinit  library  directory.   If	command	line server options are	given,
       they override this behavior and revert to the xinit(1) behavior.	 Users
       rarely need to provide a	.xserverrc file.  See the xinit(1) manual page
       for more	details	on the arguments.

       The  system-wide	 xinitrc  and  xserverrc  files	 are  found   in   the
       /usr/local/lib/X11/xinit	directory.

       The  .xinitrc  is  typically  a	shell script which starts many clients
       according to the	user's preference.   When  this	 shell	script	exits,
       startx kills the	server and performs any	other session shutdown needed.
       Most of the clients started by .xinitrc should  be  run	in  the	 back-
       ground.	 The  last client should run in	the foreground;	when it	exits,
       the session will	exit.  People often choose a session  manager,	window
       manager,	or xterm as the	''magic'' client.

EXAMPLE
       Below  is a sample .xinitrc that	starts several applications and	leaves
       the window manager running as the ''last'' application.	Assuming  that
       the  window manager has been configured properly, the user then chooses
       the ''Exit'' menu item to shut down X.

	   xrdb	-load $HOME/.Xresources
	   xsetroot -solid gray	&
	   xbiff -geometry -430+5 &
	   oclock -geometry 75x75-0-0 &
	   xload -geometry -80-0 &
	   xterm -geometry +0+60 -ls &
	   xterm -geometry +0-100 &
	   xconsole -geometry -0+0 -fn 5x7 &
	   exec	twm

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       DISPLAY			This variable gets set to the name of the dis-
				play  to  which	 clients should	connect.  Note
				that this gets set, not	read.

       XAUTHORITY		This variable, if not  already	defined,  gets
				set  to	 $(HOME)/.Xauthority.  This is to pre-
				vent the X server,  if	not  given  the	 -auth
				argument,  from	automatically setting up inse-
				cure host-based	authentication for  the	 local
				host.	See  the  Xserver(1)  and Xsecurity(7)
				manual	pages  for  more  information	on   X
				client/server authentication.

FILES
       $(HOME)/.xinitrc		Client to run.	Typically a shell script which
				runs many programs in the background.

       $(HOME)/.xserverrc	Server to run.	The default is X.

       /usr/local/lib/X11/xinit/xinitrc
				Client to run if  the  user  has  no  .xinitrc
				file.

       /usr/local/lib/X11/xinit/xserverrc
				Server	to  run	 if the	user has no .xserverrc
				file.

SEE ALSO
       xinit(1), Xserver(1), Xorg(1)

X Version 11			  xinit	1.1.1			     STARTX(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXAMPLE | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | FILES | SEE ALSO

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=startx&sektion=1&manpath=X11R7.4>

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