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RTADVD(8)		FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual		     RTADVD(8)

NAME
     rtadvd -- router advertisement daemon

SYNOPSIS
     rtadvd [-dDfMRs] [-c configfile] interface	...

DESCRIPTION
     rtadvd sends router advertisement packets to the specified	interfaces.

     The program will daemonize	itself on invocation.  It will then send
     router advertisement packets periodically,	as well	as in response to
     router solicitation messages sent by end hosts.

     Router advertisements can be configured on	a per-interface	basis, as
     described in rtadvd.conf(5).

     If	there is no configuration file entry for an interface, or if the con-
     figuration	file does not exist altogether,	rtadvd sets all	the parameters
     to	their default values.  In particular, rtadvd reads all the interface
     routes from the routing table and advertises them as on-link prefixes.

     rtadvd also watches the routing table.  If	an interface direct route is
     added on an advertising interface and no static prefixes are specified by
     the configuration file, rtadvd adds the corresponding prefix to its
     advertising list.

     Similarly,	when an	interface direct route is deleted, rtadvd will start
     advertising the prefixes with zero	valid and preferred lifetimes to help
     the receiving hosts switch	to a new prefix	when renumbering.  Note, how-
     ever, that	the zero valid lifetime	cannot invalidate the autoconfigured
     addresses at a receiving host immediately.	 According to the specifica-
     tion, the host will retain	the address for	a certain period, which	will
     typically be two hours.  The zero lifetimes rather	intend to make the
     address deprecated, indicating that a new non-deprecated address should
     be	used as	the source address of a	new connection.	 This behavior will
     last for two hours.  Then rtadvd will completely remove the prefix	from
     the advertising list, and succeeding advertisements will not contain the
     prefix information.

     Moreover, if the status of	an advertising interface changes, rtadvd will
     start or stop sending router advertisements according to the latest sta-
     tus.

     The -s option may be used to disable this behavior; rtadvd	will not watch
     the routing table and the whole functionality described above will	be
     suppressed.

     Basically,	hosts MUST NOT send Router Advertisement messages at any time
     (RFC 2461,	Section	6.2.3).	 However, it would sometimes be	useful to
     allow hosts to advertise some parameters such as prefix information and
     link MTU.	Thus, rtadvd can be invoked if router lifetime is explicitly
     set zero on every advertising interface.

     The command line options are:

     -c	     Specify an	alternate location, configfile,	for the	configuration
	     file.  By default,	/etc/rtadvd.conf is used.

     -d	     Print debugging information.

     -D	     Even more debugging information is	printed.

     -f	     Foreground	mode (useful when debugging).  Log messages will be
	     dumped to stderr when this	option is specified.

     -M	     Specify an	interface to join the all-routers site-local multicast
	     group.  By	default, rtadvd	tries to join the first	advertising
	     interface appearing on the	command	line.  This option has meaning
	     only with the -R option, which enables routing renumbering	proto-
	     col support.

     -R	     Accept router renumbering requests.  If you enable	it, certain
	     IPsec setup is suggested for security reasons.  This option is
	     currently disabled, and is	ignored	by rtadvd with a warning mes-
	     sage.

     -s	     Do	not add	or delete prefixes dynamically.	 Only statically con-
	     figured prefixes, if any, will be advertised.

     Upon receipt of signal SIGUSR1, rtadvd will dump the current internal
     state into	/var/run/rtadvd.dump.

     Use SIGTERM to kill rtadvd	gracefully.  In	this case, rtadvd will trans-
     mit router	advertisement with router lifetime 0 to	all the	interfaces (in
     accordance	with RFC2461 6.2.5).

RETURN VALUES
     The rtadvd	program	exits 0	on success, and	>0 on failures.

FILES
     /etc/rtadvd.conf		       The default configuration file.
     /var/run/rtadvd.pid	       contains	the pid	of the currently run-
				       ning rtadvd.
     /var/run/rtadvd.dump	       The file	in which rtadvd	dumps its
				       internal	state.

SEE ALSO
     rtadvd.conf(5), rtsol(8)

HISTORY
     The rtadvd	command	first appeared in the WIDE Hydrangea IPv6 protocol
     stack kit.

BUGS
     There used	to be some text	that recommended users not to let rtadvd
     advertise Router Advertisement messages on	an upstream link to avoid
     undesirable icmp6(4) redirect messages.  However, based on	the later dis-
     cussion in	the IETF ipng working group, all routers should	rather adver-
     tise the messages regardless of the network topology, in order to ensure
     reachability.

FreeBSD	9.2			 May 17, 1998			   FreeBSD 9.2

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUES | FILES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | BUGS

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