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RNDC(8)				     BIND9			       RNDC(8)

NAME
       rndc - name server control utility

SYNOPSIS
       rndc [-b	source-address]	[-c config-file] [-k key-file] [-s server]
	    [-p	port] [-V] [-y key_id] {command}

DESCRIPTION
       rndc controls the operation of a	name server. It	supersedes the ndc
       utility that was	provided in old	BIND releases. If rndc is invoked with
       no command line options or arguments, it	prints a short summary of the
       supported commands and the available options and	their arguments.

       rndc communicates with the name server over a TCP connection, sending
       commands	authenticated with digital signatures. In the current versions
       of rndc and named, the only supported authentication algorithm is
       HMAC-MD5, which uses a shared secret on each end	of the connection.
       This provides TSIG-style	authentication for the command request and the
       name server's response. All commands sent over the channel must be
       signed by a key_id known	to the server.

       rndc reads a configuration file to determine how	to contact the name
       server and decide what algorithm	and key	it should use.

OPTIONS
       -b source-address
	   Use source-address as the source address for	the connection to the
	   server. Multiple instances are permitted to allow setting of	both
	   the IPv4 and	IPv6 source addresses.

       -c config-file
	   Use config-file as the configuration	file instead of	the default,
	   /etc/namedb/rndc.conf.

       -k key-file
	   Use key-file	as the key file	instead	of the default,
	   /etc/namedb/rndc.key. The key in /etc/namedb/rndc.key will be used
	   to authenticate commands sent to the	server if the config-file does
	   not exist.

       -s server
	   server is the name or address of the	server which matches a server
	   statement in	the configuration file for rndc. If no server is
	   supplied on the command line, the host named	by the default-server
	   clause in the options statement of the rndc configuration file will
	   be used.

       -p port
	   Send	commands to TCP	port port instead of BIND 9's default control
	   channel port, 953.

       -V
	   Enable verbose logging.

       -y key_id
	   Use the key key_id from the configuration file.  key_id must	be
	   known by named with the same	algorithm and secret string in order
	   for control message validation to succeed. If no key_id is
	   specified, rndc will	first look for a key clause in the server
	   statement of	the server being used, or if no	server statement is
	   present for that host, then the default-key clause of the options
	   statement. Note that	the configuration file contains	shared secrets
	   which are used to send authenticated	control	commands to name
	   servers. It should therefore	not have general read or write access.

       For the complete	set of commands	supported by rndc, see the BIND	9
       Administrator Reference Manual or run rndc without arguments to see its
       help message.

LIMITATIONS
       rndc does not yet support all the commands of the BIND 8	ndc utility.

       There is	currently no way to provide the	shared secret for a key_id
       without using the configuration file.

       Several error messages could be clearer.

SEE ALSO
       rndc.conf(5), named(8), named.conf(5), ndc(8), BIND 9 Administrator
       Reference Manual.

AUTHOR
       Internet	Systems	Consortium

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2007 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
       ("ISC")
       Copyright (C) 2000, 2001	Internet Software Consortium.

BIND9				 June 30, 2000			       RNDC(8)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | LIMITATIONS | SEE ALSO | AUTHOR | COPYRIGHT

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