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RENAME(2)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		     RENAME(2)

NAME
       rename -	change the name	or location of a file

SYNOPSIS
       #include	<stdio.h>

       int rename(const	char *oldpath, const char *newpath);

DESCRIPTION
       rename()	 renames  a  file,  moving it between directories if required.
       Any other hard links to the file	(as created using link(2))  are	 unaf-
       fected.	Open file descriptors for oldpath are also unaffected.

       If  newpath already exists it will be atomically	replaced (subject to a
       few conditions; see ERRORS below), so that there	is no point  at	 which
       another process attempting to access newpath will find it missing.

       If  oldpath  and	 newpath are existing hard links referring to the same
       file, then rename() does	nothing, and returns a success status.

       If newpath exists but the operation  fails  for	some  reason  rename()
       guarantees to leave an instance of newpath in place.

       oldpath can specify a directory.	 In this case, newpath must either not
       exist, or it must specify an empty directory.

       However,	when overwriting there will probably be	a window in which both
       oldpath and newpath refer to the	file being renamed.

       If  oldpath  refers  to a symbolic link the link	is renamed; if newpath
       refers to a symbolic link the link will be overwritten.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, zero	is returned.  On error,	-1 is returned,	and  errno  is
       set appropriately.

ERRORS
       EACCES Write  permission	is denied for the directory containing oldpath
	      or newpath, or, search permission	 is  denied  for  one  of  the
	      directories in the path prefix of	oldpath	or newpath, or oldpath
	      is a directory and does not allow	write  permission  (needed  to
	      update the ..  entry).  (See also	path_resolution(7).)

       EBUSY  The  rename fails	because	oldpath	or newpath is a	directory that
	      is in use	by some	process	(perhaps as current working directory,
	      or  as root directory, or	because	it was open for	reading) or is
	      in use by	the system (for	example	as  mount  point),  while  the
	      system considers this an error.  (Note that there	is no require-
	      ment to return EBUSY in such cases --  there  is	nothing	 wrong
	      with  doing  the	rename	anyway	-- but it is allowed to	return
	      EBUSY if the system cannot otherwise handle such situations.)

       EFAULT oldpath or newpath points	outside	your accessible	address	space.

       EINVAL The  new	pathname  contained a path prefix of the old, or, more
	      generally, an attempt was	made to	make a directory  a  subdirec-
	      tory of itself.

       EISDIR newpath  is  an  existing	directory, but oldpath is not a	direc-
	      tory.

       ELOOP  Too many symbolic	links were encountered in resolving oldpath or
	      newpath.

       EMLINK oldpath already has the maximum number of	links to it, or	it was
	      a	directory and the directory containing newpath has the maximum
	      number of	links.

       ENAMETOOLONG
	      oldpath or newpath was too long.

       ENOENT The link named by	oldpath	does not exist;	or, a directory	compo-
	      nent in newpath does not exist; or, oldpath  or  newpath	is  an
	      empty string.

       ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available.

       ENOSPC The device containing the	file has no room for the new directory
	      entry.

       ENOTDIR
	      A	component used as a directory in oldpath or newpath is not, in
	      fact,  a	directory.   Or,  oldpath  is a	directory, and newpath
	      exists but is not	a directory.

       ENOTEMPTY or EEXIST
	      newpath is a nonempty directory, that is,	contains entries other
	      than "." and "..".

       EPERM or	EACCES
	      The  directory  containing  oldpath has the sticky bit (S_ISVTX)
	      set and the process's effective user ID is neither the  user  ID
	      of  the  file to be deleted nor that of the directory containing
	      it, and the process is not privileged (Linux: does not have  the
	      CAP_FOWNER  capability);	or newpath is an existing file and the
	      directory	containing it has the sticky bit set and the process's
	      effective	 user  ID  is  neither	the  user ID of	the file to be
	      replaced nor that	 of  the  directory  containing	 it,  and  the
	      process  is  not privileged (Linux: does not have	the CAP_FOWNER
	      capability); or the file system  containing  pathname  does  not
	      support renaming of the type requested.

       EROFS  The file is on a read-only file system.

       EXDEV  oldpath  and  newpath  are  not on the same mounted file system.
	      (Linux permits a file system to be mounted at  multiple  points,
	      but  rename()  does not work across different mount points, even
	      if the same file system is mounted on both.)

CONFORMING TO
       4.3BSD, C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001.

BUGS
       On NFS file systems, you	can not	assume that if	the  operation	failed
       the  file was not renamed.  If the server does the rename operation and
       then crashes, the retransmitted RPC which will be  processed  when  the
       server  is  up  again causes a failure.	The application	is expected to
       deal with this.	See link(2) for	a similar problem.

SEE ALSO
       mv(1), chmod(2),	link(2), renameat(2), symlink(2), unlink(2), path_res-
       olution(7), symlink(7)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.25 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found	at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux				  2009-03-30			     RENAME(2)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUE | ERRORS | CONFORMING TO | BUGS | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

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