Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Man Pages

Man Page or Keyword Search:
Man Architecture
Apropos Keyword Search (all sections) Output format
home | help
RC.CONF(5)		  FreeBSD File Formats Manual		    RC.CONF(5)

NAME
     rc.conf --	system configuration information

DESCRIPTION
     The file rc.conf contains descriptive information about the local host
     name, configuration details for any potential network interfaces and
     which services should be started up at system initial boot	time.  In new
     installations, the	rc.conf	file is	generally initialized by the system
     installation utility: /stand/sysinstall.

     The purpose of rc.conf is not to run commands or perform system startup
     actions directly.	Instead, it is included	by the various generic startup
     scripts in	/etc which conditionalize their	internal actions according to
     the settings found	there.

     The /etc/rc.conf file is included from the	file /etc/defaults/rc.conf,
     which specifies the default settings for all the available	options.
     Options need only be specified in /etc/rc.conf when the system adminis-
     trator wishes to override these defaults.	The file /etc/rc.conf.local is
     used to override settings in /etc/rc.conf for historical reasons.	See
     the ``rc_conf_files'' option below.

     The following list	provides a name	and short description for each vari-
     able that can be set in the rc.conf file:

     swapfile	   (str) If set	to ``NO'' then no swapfile is installed, oth-
		   erwise the value is used as the full	pathname to a file to
		   use for additional swap space.

     apm_enable	   (bool) If set to ``YES'', enable support for	Automatic
		   Power Management with the apm(8) command.

     apmd_enable   (bool) Run apmd(8) to handle	APM event from userland.  This
		   also	enable support for APM.

     apmd_flags	   (str) If apmd_enable	is set to ``YES'', these are the flags
		   to pass to the apmd(8) daemon.

     pccard_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', enable PCCARD support at boot
		   time.

     pccard_mem	   (str) Set to	PCCARD controller memory address or
		   ``DEFAULT'' for the default value.

     pccard_ifconfig
		   (str) List of arguments to be passed	to ifconfig(8) at boot
		   time	or on insertion	of the card (e.g. "inet	192.168.1.1
		   netmask 255.255.255.0" for a	fixed address or "DHCP"	for a
		   DHCP	client).

     pccard_beep   (int) If 0, set the PCCARD controller to silent mode.  If
		   1, set it to	beep mode.  If 2, set it to melody mode.

     pccard_conf   (str) Path to the configuration file	for the	pccardd(8)
		   daemon.

     pccardd_flags
		   (str) If pccard_enable is set to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	pccardd(8) daemon.

     pccard_ether_delay
		   (str) Set the delay before starting dhclient(8) in
		   pccard_ether(8) script.  This defaults to 5 seconds to work
		   around a bug	in the ed(4) driver which can lead to system
		   hangs when using some newer ed(4) based cards.

     local_startup
		   (str) List of directories to	search for startup script
		   files.

     script_name_sep
		   (str) The field separator to	use for	breaking down the list
		   of startup script files into	individual filenames.  The
		   default is a	space.	It is not necessary to change this
		   unless there	are startup scripts with names containing spa-
		   ces.

     hostname	   (str) The Fully Qualified Domain Name of this host on the
		   network.  This should almost	certainly be set to something
		   meaningful, even if there is	no network connection.	If
		   dhclient(8) is used to set the hostname via DHCP, this
		   variable should be set to an	empty string.

     nisdomainname
		   (str) The NIS domain	name of	this host, or ``NO'' if	NIS is
		   not used.

     dhcp_program  (str) Path to the DHCP client program (/sbin/dhclient, the
		   ISC DHCP client, is the default).

     dhcp_flags	   (str) Additional flags to pass to the DHCP client program.
		   For the ISC DHCP client, see	the dhclient(8)	page for a
		   description of the command line options available.

     firewall_enable
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to load firewall rules	at startup.
		   If the kernel was not built with IPFIREWALL,	the ipfw ker-
		   nel module will be loaded.  See also	ipfilter_enable.

     firewall_script
		   (str) This variable specifies the full path to the firewall
		   script to run.  The default is /etc/rc.firewall.

     firewall_type
		   (str) Names the firewall type from the selection in
		   /etc/rc.firewall, or	the file which contains	the local
		   firewall ruleset.  Valid selections from /etc/rc.firewall,
		   are ``open''	- unrestricted IP access; ``closed'' - all IP
		   services disabled, except via lo0; ``client'' - basic pro-
		   tection for a workstation; ``simple'' - basic protection
		   for a LAN.  If a filename is	specified, the full path must
		   be given.

     firewall_quiet
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to disable the	display	of ipfw	rules
		   on the console during boot.

     firewall_logging
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to enable ipfw	event logging.	This
		   is equivalent to the	IPFIREWALL_VERBOSE kernel option.

     firewall_flags
		   (str) Flags passed to ipfw(8) if firewall_type specifies a
		   filename.

     natd_program  (str) Path to natd(8).

     natd_enable   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to enable natd.  firewall_enable must
		   also	be set to ``YES'', and divert(4) sockets must be
		   enabled in the kernel.

     natd_interface
		   (str) This is the name of the public	interface on which
		   natd	should run.  It	is mandatory if	natd_enable is set to
		   ``YES''.  The interface may be given	as an interface	name
		   or as an IP address.

     natd_flags	   (str) Additional natd flags should be placed	here.  The -n
		   or -a flag is automatically added with the above
		   natd_interface as an	argument.

     ipfilter_enable
		   (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  Setting this to ``YES''
		   enables ipf(8) packet filtering.

		   Typical usage will require putting

		   ipfilter_enable="YES"
		   ipnat_enable="YES"
		   ipmon_enable="YES"
		   ipfs_enable="YES"

		   into	/etc/rc.conf and editing /etc/ipf.rules	and
		   /etc/ipnat.rules appropriately.

		   Note	that ipfilter_enable and ipnat_enable can be enabled
		   independently.  ipmon_enable	and ipfs_enable	both require
		   at least one	of ipfilter_enable and ipnat_enable to be
		   enabled.

		   Having

		   options  IPFILTER
		   options  IPFILTER_LOG
		   options  IPFILTER_DEFAULT_BLOCK

		   in the kernel configuration file is a good idea, too.

     ipfilter_program
		   (str) Path to ipf(8)	(default /sbin/ipf).

     ipfilter_rules
		   (str) Set to	``/etc/ipf.rules'' by default.	This variable
		   contains the	name of	the filter rule	definition file.  The
		   file	is expected to be readable for the ipf(8) command to
		   execute.

     ipfilter_flags
		   (str) Empty by default.  This variable contains flags
		   passed to the ipf(8)	program.

     ipnat_enable  (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  Set it to ``YES'' to
		   enable ipnat(1) network address translation.	 See
		   ipfilter_enable for a detailed discussion.

     ipnat_program
		   (str) Path to ipnat(1) (default /sbin/ipnat).

     ipnat_rules   (str) Set to	``/etc/ipnat.rules'' by	default.  This vari-
		   able	contains the name of the file holding the network
		   address translation definition.  This file is expected to
		   be readable for the ipnat(1)	command	to execute.

     ipnat_flags   (str) Empty by default.  This variable contains flags
		   passed to the ipnat(1) program.

     ipmon_enable  (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  Set it to ``YES'' to
		   enable ipmon(8) monitoring (logging ipf(8) and ipnat(1)
		   events).  Setting this variable needs setting
		   ipfilter_enable or ipnat_enable too.	 See ipfilter_enable
		   for a detailed discussion.

     ipmon_program
		   (str) Path to ipmon(8) (default /sbin/ipmon).

     ipmon_flags   (str) Set to	``-Ds''	by default.  This variable contains
		   flags passed	to the ipmon(8)	program.  Another typical
		   example would be ``-D /var/log/ipflog'' to have ipmon(8)
		   log directly	to a file bypassing syslogd(8).	 Make sure to
		   adjust /etc/newsyslog.conf in such case like	this:

		   /var/log/ipflog  640	 10  100  *  Z	/var/run/ipmon.pid

     ipfs_enable   (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  Set it to ``YES'' to
		   enable ipfs(8) saving the filter and	NAT state tables dur-
		   ing shutdown	and reloading them during startup again.  Set-
		   ting	this variable needs setting ipfilter_enable or
		   ipnat_enable	to ``YES'' too.	 See ipfilter_enable for a
		   detailed discussion.	 Note that if kern_securelevel is set
		   to 3, ipfs_enable cannot be used because the	raised
		   securelevel will prevent ipfs(8) from saving	the state
		   tables at shutdown time.

     ipfs_program  (str) Path to ipfs(8) (default /sbin/ipfs).

     ipfs_flags	   (str) Empty by default.  This variable contains flags
		   passed to the ipfs(8) program.

     tcp_extensions
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' by default.  Setting this to NO dis-
		   ables certain TCP options as	described by RFC 1323.	Set-
		   ting	this to	``NO'' might help remedy such problems with
		   connections as randomly hanging or other weird behavior.
		   Some	network	devices	are known to be	broken with respect to
		   these options.

     log_in_vain   (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  Setting to	YES will
		   enable logging of connection	attempts to ports that have no
		   listening socket on them.

     tcp_keepalive
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' by default.  Setting to NO will dis-
		   able	probing	idle TCP connections to	verify that the	peer
		   is still up and reachable.

     tcp_drop_synfin
		   (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  Setting to	YES will cause
		   the kernel to ignore	TCP frames that	have both the SYN and
		   FIN flags set.  This	prevents OS fingerprinting, but	may
		   break some legitimate applications.	This option is only
		   available if	the kernel was built with the TCP_DROP_SYNFIN
		   option.

     icmp_drop_redirect
		   (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  Setting to	YES will cause
		   the kernel to ignore	ICMP REDIRECT packets.

     icmp_log_redirect
		   (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  Setting to	YES will cause
		   the kernel to log ICMP REDIRECT packets.  Note that the log
		   messages are	not rate-limited, so this option should	only
		   be used for troubleshooting networks.

     network_interfaces
		   (str) Set to	the list of network interfaces to configure on
		   this	host.  For example, if the only	network	devices	in the
		   system are the loopback device (lo0)	and a NIC using	the
		   ed0 driver, this could be set to ``lo0 ed0''	An
		   ifconfig_<interface>	variable is also assumed to exist for
		   each	value of interface.  It	is also	possible to add	IP
		   alias entires here in cases where multiple IP addresses
		   registered against a	single interface are desired.  Assum-
		   ing that the	interface in question was ed0, it might	look
		   something like this:

		   ifconfig_ed0_alias0="inet 127.0.0.253 netmask 0xffffffff"
		   ifconfig_ed0_alias1="inet 127.0.0.254 netmask 0xffffffff"

		   And so on.  For each	ifconfig_<interface>_alias<n> entry
		   that	is found, its contents are passed to ifconfig(8).
		   Execution stops at the first	unsuccessful access, so	if
		   something like this is present:

		   ifconfig_ed0_alias0="inet 127.0.0.251 netmask 0xffffffff"
		   ifconfig_ed0_alias1="inet 127.0.0.252 netmask 0xffffffff"
		   ifconfig_ed0_alias2="inet 127.0.0.253 netmask 0xffffffff"
		   ifconfig_ed0_alias4="inet 127.0.0.254 netmask 0xffffffff"

		   Then	note that alias4 would not be added since the search
		   would stop with the missing alias3 entry.

		   It is possible to bring up an interface with	DHCP by	set-
		   ting	the ifconfig_<interface> variable to ``DHCP''.	For
		   instance, to	initialize the ed0 device via DHCP, it is pos-
		   sible to use	something like:

		   ifconfig_ed0="DHCP"

     cloned_interfaces
		   (str) Set to	the list of clonable network interfaces	to
		   create on this host.	 Entries in cloned_interfaces are
		   automatically appended to network_interfaces	for configura-
		   tion.

     gif_interfaces
		   (str) Set to	the list of gif(4) tunnel interfaces to	con-
		   figure on this host.	 A gifconfig_<interface> variable is
		   assumed to exist for	each value of interface.  The value of
		   this	variable is used to configure the link layer of	the
		   tunnel according to the syntax of the tunnel	option to
		   ifconfig(8).	 Additionaly, this option ensures that each
		   listed interface is created via the create option to
		   ifconfig(8) before attempting to configure it.

     ppp_enable	   (bool) If set to ``YES'', run the ppp(8) daemon.

     ppp_mode	   (str) Mode in which to run the ppp(8) daemon.  Accepted
		   modes are ``auto'', ``ddial'', ``direct'' and
		   ``dedicated''.  See the manual for a	full description.

     ppp_nat	   (bool) If set to ``YES'', enables packet aliasing.  Used in
		   conjunction with gateway_enable allows hosts	on private
		   network addresses access to the Internet using this host as
		   a network address translating router.

     ppp_profile   (str) The name of the profile to use	from
		   /etc/ppp/ppp.conf.

     ppp_user	   (str) The name of the user under which ppp should be
		   started.  By	default, ppp is	started	as ``root''.

     rc_conf_files
		   (str) This option is	used to	specify	a list of files	that
		   will	override the settings in /etc/defaults/rc.conf.	 The
		   files will be read in the order in which they are specified
		   and should include the full path to the file.  By default,
		   the files specified are /etc/rc.conf	and /etc/rc.conf.local

     fsck_y_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', fsck(8) will be run with the -y
		   flag	if the initial preen of	the filesystems	fails.

     syslogd_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', run the syslogd(8)	daemon.

     syslogd_program
		   (str) Path to syslogd(8) (default /usr/sbin/syslogd).

     syslogd_flags
		   (str) If syslogd_enable is set to ``YES'', these are	the
		   flags to pass to syslogd(8).

     inetd_enable  (bool) If set to ``YES'', run the inetd(8) daemon.

     inetd_program
		   (str) Path to inetd(8) (default /usr/sbin/inetd).

     inetd_flags   (str) If inetd_enable is set	to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to inetd(8).

     named_enable  (bool) If set to ``YES'', run the named(8) daemon.

     named_program
		   (str) Path to named(8) (default /usr/sbin/named).

     named_flags   (str) If named_enable is set	to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to named(8).

     kerberos_server_enable
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to start a Kerberos authentication
		   server at boot time.

     kadmind_server_enable
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to start kadmind(8), the Kerberos
		   Administration Daemon); set to ``NO'' on a slave server.

     kerberos_stash
		   (str) If ``YES'', instruct the Kerberos servers to use the
		   stashed master key instead of prompting for it (only	if
		   kerberos_server_enable is set to ``YES'', and is used for
		   both	kerberos(1) and	kadmind(8)).

     rwhod_enable  (bool) If set to ``YES'', run the rwhod(8) daemon at	boot
		   time.

     rwhod_flags   (str) If rwhod_enable is set	to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to it.

     amd_enable	   (bool) If set to ``YES'', run the amd(8) daemon at boot
		   time.

     amd_flags	   (str) If amd_enable is set to ``YES'', these	are the	flags
		   to pass to it.  See the amd(8) info(1) page for more	infor-
		   mation.

     amd_map_program
		   (str) If set, the specified program is run to get the list
		   of amd(8) maps.  For	example, if the	amd(8) maps are	stored
		   in NIS, one can set this to run ypcat(1) to get a list of
		   amd(8) maps from the	amd.master NIS map.

     update_motd   (bool) If set to ``YES'', /etc/motd will be updated at boot
		   time	to reflect the kernel release being run.  If set to
		   ``NO'', /etc/motd will not be updated

     nfs_client_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', run the NFS client	daemons	at
		   boot	time.

     nfs_client_flags
		   (str) If nfs_client_enable is set to	``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	nfsiod(8) daemon.

     nfs_access_cache
		   (int) If nfs_client_enable is set to	``YES'', this can be
		   set to ``0''	to disable NFS ACCESS RPC caching, or to the
		   number of seconds for which NFS ACCESS results should be
		   cached.  A value of 2-10 seconds will substantially reduce
		   network traffic for many NFS	operations.

     nfs_server_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', run the NFS server	daemons	at
		   boot	time.

     nfs_server_flags
		   (str) If nfs_server_enable is set to	``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	nfsd(8)	daemon.

     single_mountd_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', and no nfs_server_enable is set,
		   start mountd(8), but	not nfsd(8) daemon.  It	is commonly
		   needed to run CFS without real NFS used.

     weak_mountd_authentication
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', allow services like PCNFSD	to
		   make	non-privileged mount requests.

     nfs_privport  (bool) If set to ``YES'', provide NFS services only on a
		   secure port.

     nfs_bufpackets
		   (int) If set	to a number, indicates the number of packets
		   worth of socket buffer space	to reserve on an NFS client.
		   If set to ``DEFAULT'', the kernel default is	used (typi-
		   cally 4).  Using a higher number may	be useful on gigabit
		   networks to improve performance.  The minimum value is 2
		   and the maximum is 64.

     rpc_lockd_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' and	also an	NFS server, run
		   rpc.lockd(8)	at boot	time.

     rpc_statd_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' and	also an	NFS server, run
		   rpc.statd(8)	at boot	time.

     portmap_program
		   (str) Path to portmap(8) (default /usr/sbin/portmap).

     portmap_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', run the portmap(8)	service	at
		   boot	time.

     portmap_flags
		   (str) If portmap_enable is set to ``YES'', these are	the
		   flags to pass to the	portmap(8) daemon.

     xtend_enable  (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the xtend(8) daemon at
		   boot	time.

     xtend_flags   (str) If xtend_enable is set	to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	xtend(8) daemon.

     pppoed_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the pppoed(8) daemon at
		   boot	time to	provide	PPP over Ethernet services.

     pppoed_provider
		   (str) pppoed(8) listens to requests to this provider	and
		   ultimately runs ppp(8) with a system	argument of the	same
		   name.

     pppoed_flags  (str) Additional flags to pass to pppoed(8).

     pppoed_interface
		   (str) The network interface to run pppoed on.  This is
		   mandatory when pppoed_enable	is set to ``YES''.

     timed_enable  (boot) If ``YES'' then run the timed(8) service at boot
		   time.  This command is intended for networks	of machines
		   where a consistent "network time" for all hosts must	be
		   established.	 This is often useful in large NFS environ-
		   ments where time stamps on files are	expected to be consis-
		   tent	network-wide.

     timed_flags   (str) If timed_enable is set	to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	timed(8) service.

     ntpdate_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', run ntpdate at system startup.
		   This	command	is intended to synchronize the system clock
		   only	once from some standard	reference.  An option to set
		   this	up initially (from a list of known servers) is also
		   provided by the /stand/sysinstall program when the system
		   is first installed.

     ntpdate_program
		   (str) Path to ntpdate(8) (default /usr/sbin/ntpdate).

     ntpdate_flags
		   (str) If ntpdate_enable is set to ``YES'', these are	the
		   flags to pass to the	ntpdate(8) command (typically a	host-
		   name).

     xntpd_enable  (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the ntpd(8) command at
		   boot	time.

     xntpd_program
		   (str) Path to ntpd(8) (default /usr/sbin/ntpd).

     xntpd_flags   (str) If xntpd_enable is set	to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	ntpd(8)	daemon.

     nis_client_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the ypbind(8) service at
		   system boot time.

     nis_client_flags
		   (str) If nis_client_enable is set to	``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	ypbind(8) service.

     nis_ypset_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the ypset(8) daemon at
		   system boot time.

     nis_ypset_flags
		   (str) If nis_ypset_enable is	set to ``YES'',	these are the
		   flags to pass to the	ypset(8) daemon.

     nis_server_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the ypserv(8) daemon at
		   system boot time.

     nis_server_flags
		   (str) If nis_server_enable is set to	``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	ypserv(8) daemon.

     nis_ypxfrd_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the rpc.ypxfrd(8) daemon
		   at system boot time.

     nis_ypxfrd_flags
		   (str) If nis_ypxfrd_enable is set to	``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	rpc.ypxfrd(8) daemon.

     nis_yppasswdd_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the rpc.yppasswdd(8) dae-
		   mon at system boot time.

     nis_yppasswdd_flags
		   (str) If nis_yppasswdd_enable is set	to ``YES'', these are
		   the flags to	pass to	the rpc.yppasswdd(8) daemon.

     defaultrouter
		   (str) If not	set to ``NO'' then create a default route to
		   this	host name or IP	address	(use an	IP address if this
		   router is also required to get to the name server!).

     static_routes
		   (str) Set to	the list of static routes that are to be added
		   at system boot time.	 If not	set to ``NO'' then for each
		   whitespace separated	element	in the value, a
		   route_<element> variable is assumed to exist	whose contents
		   will	later be passed	to a ``route add'' operation.

     gateway_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', then configure host to at as an
		   IP router, e.g. to forward packets between interfaces.

     router_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run a routing daemon of some
		   sort, based on the settings of router and router_flags.

     router	   (str) If router_enable is set to ``YES'', this is the name
		   of the routing daemon to use.

     router_flags  (str) If router_enable is set to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	routing	daemon.

     mrouted_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the multicast routing
		   daemon, mrouted(8).

     mrouted_flags
		   (str) If mrouted_enable is set to ``YES'', these are	the
		   flags to pass to the	multicast routing daemon.

     ipxgateway_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then enable	the routing of IPX
		   traffic.

     ipxrouted_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the IPXrouted(8) daemon
		   at system boot time.

     ipxrouted_flags
		   (str) If ipxrouted_enable is	set to ``YES'',	these are the
		   flags to pass to the	IPXrouted(8) daemon.

     arpproxy_all  (bool) If set to ``YES'' then enable	global proxy ARP.

     forward_sourceroute
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then when gateway_enable is	also
		   set to ``YES'', source routed packets are forwarded.

     accept_sourceroute
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then the system will accept	source
		   routed packets directed at it.

     rarpd_enable  (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the rarpd(8) daemon at
		   system boot time.

     rarpd_flags   (str) If rarpd_enable is set	to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	rarpd(8) daemon.

     atm_enable	   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to enable the configuration of	ATM
		   interfaces at system	boot time.  For	all of the ATM vari-
		   ables described below, please refer to the atm(8) man page
		   for further details on the available	command	parameters.
		   Also	refer to the files in /usr/share/examples/atm for more
		   detailed configuration information.

     atm_netif__intf_
		   (str) For the ATM physical interface	_intf_,	this variable
		   defines the name prefix and count for the ATM network
		   interfaces to be created.  The value	will be	passed as the
		   parameters of an ``atm set netif _intf_'' command.

     atm_sigmgr__intf_
		   (str) For the ATM physical interface	_intf_,	this variable
		   defines the ATM signalling manager to be used.  The value
		   will	be passed as the parameters of an ``atm	attach
		   _intf_'' command.

     atm_prefix__intf_
		   (str) For the ATM physical interface	_intf_,	this variable
		   defines the NSAP prefix for interfaces using	a UNI sig-
		   nalling manager.  If	set to ILMI, then the prefix will
		   automatically be set	via the	ilmid(8) daemon.  Otherwise,
		   the value will be passed as the parameters of an ``atm set
		   prefix _intf_'' command.

     atm_macaddr__intf_
		   (str) For the ATM physical interface	_intf_,	this variable
		   defines the MAC address for interfaces using	a UNI sig-
		   nalling manager.  If	set to ``NO'', then the	hardware MAC
		   address contained in	the ATM	interface card will be used.
		   Otherwise, the value	will be	passed as the parameters of an
		   ``atm set mac _intf_'' command.

     atm_arpserver__netif_
		   (str) For the ATM network interface _netif_,	this variable
		   defines the ATM address for a host which is to provide
		   ATMARP service.  This variable is only applicable to	inter-
		   faces using a UNI signalling	manager.  If set to local,
		   then	this host will become an ATMARP	server.	 The value
		   will	be passed as the parameters of an ``atm	set arpserver
		   _netif_'' command.

     atm_scsparp__netif_
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'', then SCSP/ATMARP service for the
		   network interface _netif_ will be initiated using the
		   scspd(8) and	atmarpd(8) daemons.  This variable is only
		   applicable if `atm_arpserver_<netif>	="local"' is defined.

     atm_pvcs	   (str) Set to	the list of ATM	PVCs to	be added at system
		   boot	time.  For each	whitespace separated element in	the
		   value, an atm_pvc_<element> variable	is assumed to exist.
		   The value of	each of	these variables	will be	passed as the
		   parameters of an ``atm add pvc'' command.

     atm_arps	   (str) Set to	the list of permanent ATM ARP entries to be
		   added at system boot	time.  For each	whitespace separated
		   element in the value, an atm_arp_<element> variable is
		   assumed to exist.  The value	of each	of these variables
		   will	be passed as the parameters of an ``atm	add arp'' com-
		   mand.

     keymap	   (str) If set	to ``NO'' then no keymap is installed, other-
		   wise	the value is used to install the keymap	file in
		   /usr/share/syscons/keymaps/_value_.kbd

     keyrate	   (str) The keyboard repeat speed.  Set to ``slow'',
		   ``normal'', ``fast''	or ``NO'' if the default behavior is
		   desired.

     keychange	   (str) If not	set to ``NO'', attempt to program the function
		   keys	with the value.	 The value should be a single string
		   of the form:	"_funkey_number_ _new_value_ [_funkey_number_
		   _new_value_]..."

     cursor	   (str) Can be	set to the value of ``normal'',	``blink'',
		   ``destructive'' or ``NO'' to	set the	cursor behavior
		   explicitly or choose	the default behavior.

     scrnmap	   (str) If set	to ``NO'' then no screen map is	installed,
		   otherwise the value is used to install the screen map file
		   in /usr/share/syscons/scrnmaps/_value_.

     font8x16	   (str) If set	to ``NO'' then the default 8x16	font value is
		   used	for screen size	requests, otherwise the	value in
		   /usr/share/syscons/fonts/_value_ is used.

     font8x14	   (str) If set	to ``NO'' then the default 8x14	font value is
		   used	for screen size	requests, otherwise the	value in
		   /usr/share/syscons/fonts/_value_ is used.

     font8x8	   (str) If set	to ``NO'' then the default 8x8 font value is
		   used	for screen size	requests, otherwise the	value in
		   /usr/share/syscons/fonts/_value_ is used.

     blanktime	   (int) If set	to ``NO'' then the default screen blanking
		   interval is used, otherwise it is set to value seconds.

     saver	   (str) If not	set to ``NO'', this is the actual screen saver
		   to use (blank, snake, daemon, etc).

     moused_enable
		   (str) If set	to ``YES'', the	moused(8) daemon is started
		   for doing cut/paste selection on the	console.

     moused_type   (str) This is the protocol type of the mouse	connected to
		   this	host.  This variable must be set if moused_enable is
		   set to ``YES''.  The	moused(8) daemon is able to detect the
		   appropriate mouse type automatically	in many	cases.	Set
		   this	variable to ``auto'' to	let the	daemon detect it, or
		   select one from the following list if the automatic detec-
		   tion	fails.

		   If the mouse	is attached to the PS/2	mouse port, choose
		   ``auto'' or ``ps/2'', regardless of the brand and model of
		   the mouse.  Likewise, if the	mouse is attached to the bus
		   mouse port, choose ``auto'' or ``busmouse''.	 All other
		   protocols are for serial mice and will not work with	the
		   PS/2	and bus	mice.  If this is a USB	mouse, ``auto''	is the
		   only	protocol type which will work.

		   microsoft	    Microsoft mouse (serial)
		   intellimouse	    Microsoft IntelliMouse (serial)
		   mousesystems	    Mouse systems Corp mouse (serial)
		   mmseries	    MM Series mouse (serial)
		   logitech	    Logitech mouse (serial)
		   busmouse	    A bus mouse
		   mouseman	    Logitech MouseMan and TrackMan (serial)
		   glidepoint	    ALPS GlidePoint (serial)
		   thinkingmouse    Kensignton ThinkingMouse (serial)
		   ps/2		    PS/2 mouse
		   mmhittab	    MM HitTablet (serial)
		   x10mouseremote   X10	MouseRemote (serial)
		   versapad	    Interlink VersaPad (serial)

		   Even	if the mouse is	not in the above list, it may be com-
		   patible with	one in the list.  Refer	to the man page	for
		   moused(8) for compatibility information.

		   It should also be noted that	while this is enabled, any
		   other client	of the mouse (such as an X server) should
		   access the mouse through the	virtual	mouse device:
		   /dev/sysmouse and configure it as a sysmouse	type mouse,
		   since all mouse data	is converted to	this single canonical
		   format when using moused(8).	 If the	client program does
		   not support the sysmouse type, specify the mousesystems
		   type.  It is	the second preferred type.

     moused_port   (str) If moused_enable is set to ``YES'', this is the
		   actual port the mouse is on.	 It might be /dev/cuaa0	for a
		   COM1	serial mouse, /dev/psm0	for a PS/2 mouse or /dev/mse0
		   for a bus mouse, for	example.

     moused_flags  (str) If moused_type	is set,	these are the additional flags
		   to pass to the moused(8) daemon.

     allscreens_flags
		   (str) If set, vidcontrol(1) is run with these options for
		   each	of the virtual terminals (/dev/ttyv*).	For example,
		   ``-m	on'' will enable the mouse pointer on all virtual ter-
		   minals if moused_enable is set to ``YES''.

     cron_enable   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the cron(8) daemon	at
		   system boot time.

     cron_program  (str) Path to cron(8) (default /usr/sbin/cron).

     cron_flags	   (str) If cron_enable	is set to ``YES'', these are the flags
		   to pass to cron(8).

     lpd_program   (str) Path to lpd(8)	(default /usr/sbin/lpd).

     lpd_enable	   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the lpd(8)	daemon at sys-
		   tem boot time.

     lpd_flags	   (str) If lpd_enable is set to ``YES'', these	are the	flags
		   to pass to the lpd(8) daemon.

     sendmail_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' then run the sendmail(8) daemon at
		   system boot time.

     sendmail_flags
		   (str) If sendmail_enable is set to ``YES'', these are the
		   flags to pass to the	sendmail(8) daemon.

     sendmail_outbound_enable
		   (bool) If set to ``YES'' and	sendmail_enable	is set to
		   ``NO'' then run sendmail(8) using sendmail_outbound_flags
		   instead of sendmail_flags.  This is intended	to allow local
		   mail	queue management for systems that do not offer a lis-
		   tening SMTP service.

     sendmail_outbound_flags
		   (str) If sendmail_enable is set to ``NO'' and
		   sendmail_outbound_enable is set to ``YES'' then these are
		   the flags to	pass to	the sendmail(8)	daemon.

     dumpdev	   (str) If not	set to ``NO'' then point kernel	crash-dumps at
		   the swap device specified as	value.	When the system
		   restarts, a crash-dump found	on the specified device	will
		   typically be	stored in the /var/crash directory by the
		   savecore(8) program.

     enable_quotas
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to turn on user disk quotas on	system
		   startup via the quotaon(8) command.

     check_quotas  (bool) Set to ``YES'' to enable user	disk quota checking
		   via the quotacheck(8) command.

     accounting_enable
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to enable system accounting through
		   the accton(8) facility.

     ibcs2_enable  (bool) Set to ``YES'' to enable iBCS2 (SCO) binary emula-
		   tion	at system initial boot time.

     ibcs2_loaders
		   (str) If not	set to ``NO'' and if ibcs2_enable is set to
		   ``YES'', this specifies a list of additional	iBCS2 loaders
		   to enable.

     linux_enable  (bool) Set to ``YES'' to enable Linux/ELF binary emulation
		   at system initial boot time.

     osf1_enable   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to enable OSF/1 (Digital UNIX)	binary
		   emulation at	system initial boot time.  (alpha)

     rand_irqs	   (str) Set to	the list of IRQs to monitor for	random number
		   creation (see the man page for rndcontrol(8)).

     clear_tmp_enable
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to have /tmp cleaned at startup.

     ldconfig_paths
		   (str) Set to	the list of shared library paths to use	with
		   ldconfig(8).	 NOTE: /usr/lib	will always be added first, so
		   it need not appear in this list.

     ldconfig_insecure
		   (bool) The ldconfig(8) utility normally refuses to use
		   directories which are writable by anyone except root.  Set
		   this	variable to ``YES'' to disable that security check
		   during system startup.

     kern_securelevel_enable
		   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to set	the kernel security level at
		   system startup.

     kern_securelevel
		   (int) The kernel security level to set at startup.  The
		   allowed range of value ranges from -1 (the compile time
		   default) to 3 (the most secure).  See init(8) for the list
		   of possible security	levels and their effect	on system
		   operation.

     start_vinum   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to start vinum(8) at system boot
		   time.

     sshd_program  (str) Path to the SSH server	program	(/usr/sbin/sshd	is the
		   default).

     sshd_enable   (bool) Set to ``YES'' to start sshd(8) at system boot time.

     sshd_flags	   (str) If sshd_enable	is set to ``YES'', these are the flags
		   to pass to the sshd(8) daemon.

     unaligned_print
		   (bool) If set to ``NO'' then	unaligned access warnings will
		   not be printed.  (alpha)

     isdn_enable   (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  When set to ``YES'',
		   starts the isdn daemon /usr/sbin/isdnd at system boot time.

     isdn_flags	   (str) Set to	``-dn -d0x1f9''	by default.  Additional	flags
		   to pass to isdnd(8) (but see	isdn_fsdev and isdn_ttype for
		   certain tunable parameters).

     isdn_ttype	   (str) Set to	``cons25'' by default.	The terminal type of
		   the output device when isdnd(8) operates in fullscreen
		   mode.

     isdn_screenflags
		   (str) Set to	``NO'' by default.  The	video mode for
		   fullscreen mode (only for syscons(4)	console	driver,	see
		   vidcontrol(1) for valid modes).

     isdn_fsdev	   (str) Set to	``/dev/ttyv4'' by default.  The	output device
		   for isdnd(8)	in fullscreen mode (or ``NO'' for daemon
		   mode).

     isdn_trace	   (bool) Set to ``NO''	by default.  When set to ``YES'',
		   enables the ISDN protocol trace utility /usr/sbin/isdntrace
		   at system boot time.

     isdn_traceflags
		   (str) Set to	``-f /var/tmp/isdntrace0'' by default.	Flags
		   for /usr/sbin/isdntrace.

FILES
     /etc/defaults/rc.conf
     /etc/rc.conf
     /etc/rc.conf.local

SEE ALSO
     catman(1),	gdb(1),	info(1), makewhatis(1),	vidcontrol(1), yp(4),
     exports(5), motd(5), accton(8), amd(8), apm(8), atm(8), cron(8),
     dhclient(8), gated(8), ifconfig(8), inetd(8), isdnd(8), isdntrace(8),
     lpd(8), moused(8),	mrouted(8), named(8), nfsd(8), nfsiod(8), ntpd(8),
     ntpdate(8), pcnfsd(8), portmap(8),	quotacheck(8), quotaon(8), rc(8),
     rndcontrol(8), route(8), routed(8), rpc.lockd(8), rpc.statd(8),
     rpcbind(8), rwhod(8), savecore(8),	sendmail(8), sshd(8), swapon(8),
     sysctl(8),	syslogd(8), timed(8), vinum(8),	vnconfig(8), xtend(8),
     ypbind(8),	ypserv(8), ypset(8)

HISTORY
     The rc.conf file appeared in FreeBSD 2.2.2.

AUTHORS
     Jordan K. Hubbard.

FreeBSD	10.1		       February	4, 2001			  FreeBSD 10.1

NAME | DESCRIPTION | FILES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | AUTHORS

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<http://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=rc.conf&sektion=5&manpath=FreeBSD+4.5-RELEASE>

home | help