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PR(1)			FreeBSD	General	Commands Manual			 PR(1)

NAME
     pr	-- print files

SYNOPSIS
     pr	[+page]	[-column] [-adFfmprt] [[-e] [char] [gap]] [-L locale]
	[-h header] [[-i] [char] [gap]]	[-l lines] [-o offset] [[-s] [char]]
	[[-n] [char] [width]] [-w width] [-] [file ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The pr utility is a printing and pagination filter	for text files.	 When
     multiple input files are specified, each is read, formatted, and written
     to	standard output.  By default, the input	is separated into 66-line
     pages, each with

     +o	 A 5-line header with the page number, date, time, and the pathname of
	 the file.

     +o	 A 5-line trailer consisting of	blank lines.

     If	standard output	is associated with a terminal, diagnostic messages are
     suppressed	until the pr utility has completed processing.

     When multiple column output is specified, text columns are	of equal
     width.  By	default	text columns are separated by at least one _blank_.
     Input lines that do not fit into a	text column are	truncated.  Lines are
     not truncated under single	column output.

OPTIONS
     In	the following option descriptions, column, lines, offset, page,	and
     width are positive	decimal	integers and gap is a nonnegative decimal
     integer.

     +page
	   Begin output	at page	number page of the formatted input.

     -column
	   Produce output that is columns wide (default	is 1) that is written
	   vertically down each	column in the order in which the text is
	   received from the input file.  The options -e and -i	are assumed.
	   This	option should not be used with -m.  When used with -t, the
	   minimum number of lines is used to display the output.  (To colum-
	   nify	and reshape text files more generally and without additional
	   formatting, see the rs(1) utility.)

     -a	   Modify the effect of	the -column option so that the columns are
	   filled across the page in a round-robin order (e.g.,	when column is
	   2, the first	input line heads column	1, the second heads column 2,
	   the third is	the second line	in column 1, etc.).  This option
	   requires the	use of the -column option.

     -d	   Produce output that is double spaced.  An extra _newline_ character
	   is output following every _newline_ found in	the input.

     -e	[char][gap]
	   Expand each input _tab_ to the next greater column position speci-
	   fied	by the formula n*gap+1,	where n	is an integer >	0.  If gap is
	   zero	or is omitted the default is 8.	 All _tab_ characters in the
	   input are expanded into the appropriate number of _space_s.	If any
	   nondigit character, char, is	specified, it is used as the input tab
	   character.

     -F	   Use a _form-feed_ character for new pages, instead of the default
	   behavior that uses a	sequence of _newline_ characters.

     -f	   Same	as -F but pause	before beginning the first page	if standard
	   output is a terminal.

     -h	header
	   Use the string header to replace the	file name in the header	line.

     -i	[char][gap]
	   In output, replace multiple _space_s	with _tab_s whenever two or
	   more	adjacent _space_s reach	column positions gap+1,	2*gap+1, etc.
	   If gap is zero or omitted, default _tab_ settings at	every eighth
	   column position is used.  If	any nondigit character,	char, is spec-
	   ified, it is	used as	the output _tab_ character.

     -L	locale
	   Use locale specified	as argument instead of one found in environ-
	   ment.  Use "C" to reset locale to default.

     -l	lines
	   Override the	66 line	default	and reset the page length to lines.
	   If lines is not greater than	the sum	of both	the header and trailer
	   depths (in lines), the pr utility suppresses	output of both the
	   header and trailer, as if the -t option were	in effect.

     -m	   Merge the contents of multiple files.  One line from	each file
	   specified by	a file operand is written side by side into text col-
	   umns	of equal fixed widths, in terms	of the number of column	posi-
	   tions.  The number of text columns depends on the number of file
	   operands successfully opened.  The maximum number of	files merged
	   depends on page width and the per process open file limit.  The
	   options -e and -i are assumed.

     -n	[char][width]
	   Provide width digit line numbering.	The default for	width, if not
	   specified, is 5.  The number	occupies the first width column	posi-
	   tions of each text column or	each line of -m	output.	 If char (any
	   nondigit character) is given, it is appended	to the line number to
	   separate it from whatever follows.  The default for char is a
	   _tab_.  Line	numbers	longer than width columns are truncated.

     -o	offset
	   Each	line of	output is preceded by offset _spaces_s.	 If the	-o
	   option is not specified, the	default	is zero.  The space taken is
	   in addition to the output line width.

     -p	   Pause before	each page if the standard output is a terminal.	 pr
	   will	write an alert character to standard error and wait for	a car-
	   riage return	to be read on the terminal.

     -r	   Write no diagnostic reports on failure to open a file.

     -s	char
	   Separate text columns by the	single character char instead of by
	   the appropriate number of _space_s (default for char	is the _tab_
	   character).

     -t	   Print neither the five-line identifying header nor the five-line
	   trailer usually supplied for	each page.  Quit printing after	the
	   last	line of	each file without spacing to the end of	the page.

     -w	width
	   Set the width of the	line to	width column positions for multiple
	   text-column output only.  If	the -w option is not specified and the
	   -s option is	not specified, the default width is 72.	 If the	-w
	   option is not specified and the -s option is	specified, the default
	   width is 512.

     file  A pathname of a file	to be printed.	If no file operands are	speci-
	   fied, or if a file operand is `-', the standard input is used.  The
	   standard input is used only if no file operands are specified, or
	   if a	file operand is	`-'.

     The -s option does	not allow the option letter to be separated from its
     argument, and the options -e, -i, and -n require that both	arguments, if
     present, not be separated from the	option letter.

EXIT STATUS
     The pr utility exits 0 on success,	and >0 if an error occurs.

DIAGNOSTICS
     If	pr receives an interrupt while printing	to a terminal, it flushes all
     accumulated error messages	to the screen before terminating.

     Error messages are	written	to standard error during the printing process
     (if output	is redirected) or after	all successful file printing is	com-
     plete (when printing to a terminal).

SEE ALSO
     cat(1), more(1), rs(1)

STANDARDS
     The pr utility is IEEE Std	1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'') compatible.

HISTORY
     A pr command appeared in Version 1	AT&T UNIX.

BUGS
     The pr utility does not recognize multibyte characters.

FreeBSD	10.1			 July 3, 2004			  FreeBSD 10.1

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | EXIT STATUS | DIAGNOSTICS | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS | HISTORY | BUGS

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