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OD(1)				 User Commands				 OD(1)

NAME
       od - dump files in octal	and other formats

SYNOPSIS
       od [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       od [-abcdfilosx]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b]]
       od --traditional	[OPTION]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b] [+][LABEL][.][b]]

DESCRIPTION
       Write an	unambiguous representation, octal bytes	by default, of FILE to
       standard	output.	 With more than	one FILE argument, concatenate them in
       the  listed  order to form the input.  With no FILE, or when FILE is -,
       read standard input.

       All arguments to	long options are mandatory for short options.

       -A, --address-radix=RADIX
	      decide how file offsets are printed

       -j, --skip-bytes=BYTES
	      skip BYTES input bytes first

       -N, --read-bytes=BYTES
	      limit dump to BYTES input	bytes

       -S, --strings[=BYTES]
	      output strings of	at least BYTES graphic chars

       -t, --format=TYPE
	      select output format or formats

       -v, --output-duplicates
	      do not use * to mark line	suppression

       -w, --width[=BYTES]
	      output BYTES bytes per output line

       --traditional
	      accept arguments in traditional form

       --help display this help	and exit

       --version
	      output version information and exit

   Traditional format specifications may be intermixed;	they accumulate:
       -a     same as -t a,  select named characters, ignoring high-order bit

       -b     same as -t o1, select octal bytes

       -c     same as -t c,  select ASCII characters or	backslash escapes

       -d     same as -t u2, select unsigned decimal 2-byte units

       -f     same as -t fF, select floats

       -i     same as -t dI, select decimal ints

       -l     same as -t dL, select decimal longs

       -o     same as -t o2, select octal 2-byte units

       -s     same as -t d2, select decimal 2-byte units

       -x     same as -t x2, select hexadecimal	2-byte units

       If first	and second call	formats	 both  apply,  the  second  format  is
       assumed	if the last operand begins with	+ or (if there are 2 operands)
       a  digit.   An  OFFSET  operand	means  -j  OFFSET.    LABEL   is   the
       pseudo-address  at  first  byte	printed, incremented when dump is pro-
       gressing.  For OFFSET and LABEL,	a 0x or	0X prefix indicates  hexadeci-
       mal; suffixes may be . for octal	and b for multiply by 512.

       TYPE is made up of one or more of these specifications:

       a      named character, ignoring	high-order bit

       c      ASCII character or backslash escape

       d[SIZE]
	      signed decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

       f[SIZE]
	      floating point, SIZE bytes per integer

       o[SIZE]
	      octal, SIZE bytes	per integer

       u[SIZE]
	      unsigned decimal,	SIZE bytes per integer

       x[SIZE]
	      hexadecimal, SIZE	bytes per integer

       SIZE  is	 a  number.   For  TYPE	 in  doux,  SIZE  may  also  be	 C for
       sizeof(char),  S	 for  sizeof(short),  I	 for  sizeof(int)  or  L   for
       sizeof(long).   If  TYPE	 is f, SIZE may	also be	F for sizeof(float), D
       for sizeof(double) or L for sizeof(long double).

       RADIX is	d for decimal, o for octal, x for hexadecimal or n  for	 none.
       BYTES  is  hexadecimal  with 0x or 0X prefix, and may have a multiplier
       suffix: b  512,	kB  1000,  K  1024,  MB	 1000*1000,  M	1024*1024,  GB
       1000*1000*1000,	G 1024*1024*1024, and so on for	T, P, E, Z, Y.	Adding
       a z suffix to any type displays printable characters at the end of each
       output  line.   Option  --string	 without  a  number  implies 3;	option
       --width without a number	implies	32.  By	default, od uses -A  o	-t  oS
       -w16.

AUTHOR
       Written by Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report od bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page:	<http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software:	<http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C) 2009 Free	Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
       GPL version 3 or	later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free  to	change	and  redistribute  it.
       There is	NO WARRANTY, to	the extent permitted by	law.

SEE ALSO
       The  full  documentation	 for od	is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If
       the info	and od programs	are properly installed at your site, the  com-
       mand

	      info coreutils 'od invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 7.1		   July	2010				 OD(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | AUTHOR | REPORTING BUGS | COPYRIGHT | SEE ALSO

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<http://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=od&manpath=SuSE+Linux%2fi386+11.3>

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