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NG_ETHER(4)            FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual            NG_ETHER(4)

NAME
     ng_ether -- Ethernet netgraph node type

SYNOPSIS
     #include <netgraph/ng_ether.h>

DESCRIPTION
     The ng_ether netgraph node type allows Ethernet interfaces to interact
     with the netgraph(4) networking subsystem.  Once the ng_ether module is
     loaded in the kernel, a node is automatically created for each Ethernet
     interface in the system.  Each node will attempt to name itself with the
     same name as the associated interface.  All ng_ether nodes are persistent
     for as long as the interface itself exists.

     Three hooks are supported: lower, upper, and orphans.  The hook name
     divert may be used as an alias for lower, and is provided for backward
     compatibility.  In reality the two names represent the same hook.

     The lower hook is a connection to the raw Ethernet device.  When con-
     nected, all incoming packets are diverted out this hook.  Writing to this
     hook results in a raw Ethernet frame being transmitted by the device.
     Normal outgoing packets are not affected by lower being connected.

     The upper hook is a connection to the upper protocol layers.  When con-
     nected, all outgoing packets are diverted out this hook.  Writing to this
     hook results in a raw Ethernet frame being received by the kernel just as
     if it had come in over the wire.  Normal incoming packets are not
     affected by upper being connected.

     The orphans hook is equivalent to lower, except that only unrecognized
     packets (that would otherwise be discarded) are written to the hook, and
     normal incoming traffic is unaffected.  At most one of orphans and lower
     may be connected at any time.

     In all cases, frames are raw Ethernet frames with the standard 14 byte
     Ethernet header (but no checksum).

     When no hooks are connected, upper and lower are in effect connected
     together, so that packets flow normally upwards and downwards.

HOOKS
     This node type supports the following hooks:

     lower    Connection to the lower device link layer.

     upper    Connection to the upper protocol layers.

     orphans  Like lower, but only receives unrecognized packets.

CONTROL MESSAGES
     This node type supports the generic control messages, plus the following:

     NGM_ETHER_GET_IFNAME
          Returns the name of the associated interface as a NUL-terminated
          ASCII string.  Normally this is the same as the name of the node.

     NGM_ETHER_GET_IFINDEX
          Returns the global index of the associated interface as a 32 bit
          integer.

     NGM_ETHER_GET_ENADDR
          Returns the device's unique six byte Ethernet address.

     NGM_ETHER_SET_ENADDR
          Sets the device's unique six byte Ethernet address.  This control
          message is equivalent to using the SIOCSIFLLADDR ioctl(2) system
          call.

     NGM_ETHER_SET_PROMISC
          Enable or disable promiscuous mode.  This message includes a single
          32 bit integer flag that enables or disables promiscuous mode on the
          interface.

     NGM_ETHER_GET_PROMISC
          Get the current value of the node's promiscuous flag.  The returned
          value is always either one or zero.  Note that this flag reflects
          the node's own promiscuous setting and does not necessarily reflect
          the promiscuous state of the actual interface, which can be affected
          by other means (e.g., bpf(4)).

     NGM_ETHER_SET_AUTOSRC
          Sets the automatic source address override flag.  This message
          includes a single 32 bit integer flag that causes all outgoing pack-
          ets to have their source Ethernet address field overwritten with the
          device's unique Ethernet address.  If this flag is set to zero, the
          source address in outgoing packets is not modified.  The default
          setting for this flag is enabled.

     NGM_ETHER_GET_AUTOSRC
          Get the current value of the node's source address override flag.
          The returned value is always either one or zero.

SHUTDOWN
     This node is persistent for as long as the interface exists.  Upon
     receipt of a NGM_SHUTDOWN control message, all hooks are disconnected,
     promiscuous mode is disabled, and the source address override flag is
     reenabled, but the node is not removed.  If the interface itself is
     detached (e.g., because of PCCARD removal), the node disappears as well.

EXAMPLES
     This command dumps all unrecognized packets received by the fxp0 inter-
     face to standard output decoded in hex and ASCII:

           nghook -a fxp0: orphans

     This command sends the contents of foo.pkt out the interface fxp0:

           cat foo.pkt | nghook fxp0: orphans

     These commands insert an ng_tee(4) node between the lower and upper pro-
     tocol layers, which can be used for tracing packet flow, statistics,
     etc.:

           ngctl mkpeer fxp0: tee lower right
           ngctl connect fxp0: lower upper left

BUGS
     The automatic KLD module loading mechanism that works for most other net-
     graph node types does not work for the ng_ether node type, because
     ng_ether nodes are not created on demand; instead, they are created when
     Ethernet interfaces are attached or when the KLD is first loaded.  There-
     fore, if the KLD is not statically compiled into the kernel, it is neces-
     sary to load the KLD manually in order to bring the ng_ether nodes into
     existence.

SEE ALSO
     arp(4), netgraph(4), netintro(4), ifconfig(8), ngctl(8), nghook(8)

AUTHORS
     Julian Elischer <julian@FreeBSD.org>
     Archie Cobbs <archie@FreeBSD.org>

FreeBSD 4.10                     June 26, 2000                    FreeBSD 4.10

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | HOOKS | CONTROL MESSAGES | SHUTDOWN | EXAMPLES | BUGS | SEE ALSO | AUTHORS

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