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NETSTAT(1)              FreeBSD General Commands Manual             NETSTAT(1)

NAME
     netstat -- show network status

DESCRIPTION
     The netstat command symbolically displays the contents of various net-
     work-related data structures.  There are a number of output formats,
     depending on the options for the information presented.

     netstat [-AaLlnSW] [-f protocol_family | -p protocol] [-M core]
             [-N system]
             Display a list of active sockets (protocol control blocks) for
             each network protocol, for a particular protocol_family, or for a
             single protocol.  If -A is also present, show the address of a
             protocol control block (PCB) associated with a socket; used for
             debugging.  If -a is also present, show the state of all sockets;
             normally sockets used by server processes are not shown.  If -L
             is also present, show the size of the various listen queues.  The
             first count shows the number of unaccepted connections, the sec-
             ond count shows the amount of unaccepted incomplete connections,
             and the third count is the maximum number of queued connections.
             If -S is also present, show network addresses as numbers (as with
             -n) but show ports symbolically.

     netstat -i | -I interface [-abdnt] [-f address_family] [-M core]
             [-N system]
             Show the state of all network interfaces or a single interface
             which have been auto-configured (interfaces statically configured
             into a system, but not located at boot time are not shown).  An
             asterisk (``*'') after an interface name indicates that the
             interface is ``down''.  If -a is also present, multicast
             addresses currently in use are shown for each Ethernet interface
             and for each IP interface address.  Multicast addresses are shown
             on separate lines following the interface address with which they
             are associated.  If -b is also present, show the number of bytes
             in and out.  If -d is also present, show the number of dropped
             packets.  If -t is also present, show the contents of watchdog
             timers.  If -W is also present, print interface names using a
             wider field size.

     netstat -w wait [-I interface] [-d] [-M core] [-N system]
             At intervals of wait seconds, display the information regarding
             packet traffic on all configured network interfaces or a single
             interface.  If -d is also present, show the number of dropped
             packets.

     netstat -s [-s] [-z] [-f protocol_family | -p protocol] [-M core]
             [-N system]
             Display system-wide statistics for each network protocol, for a
             particular protocol_family, or for a single protocol.  If -s is
             repeated, counters with a value of zero are suppressed.  If -z is
             also present, reset statistic counters after displaying them.

     netstat -i | -I interface -s [-f protocol_family | -p protocol] [-M core]
             [-N system]
             Display per-interface statistics for each network protocol, for a
             particular protocol_family, or for a single protocol.

     netstat -m [-M core] [-N system]
             Show statistics recorded by the memory management routines
             (mbuf(9)).  The network manages a private pool of memory buffers.

     netstat -r [-AalnW] [-f address_family] [-M core] [-N system]
             Display the contents of all routing tables, or a routing table
             for a particular address_family.  If -A is also present, show the
             contents of the internal Patricia tree structures; used for
             debugging.  If -a is also present, show protocol-cloned routes
             (routes generated by an RTF_PRCLONING parent route); normally
             these routes are not shown.  When -W or -l is also present, show
             the path MTU for each route, and print interface names with a
             wider field size.

     netstat -rs [-s] [-M core] [-N system]
             Display routing statistics.  If -s is repeated, counters with a
             value of zero are suppressed.

     netstat -g [-lW] [-f address_family] [-M core] [-N system]
             Show information related to multicast (group address) routing.
             By default, show the IP Multicast virtual-interface and routing
             tables.

     netstat -gs [-s] [-f address_family] [-M core] [-N system]
             Show multicast routing statistics.  If -s is repeated, counters
             with a value of zero are suppressed.

     Some options have the general meaning:

     -f address_family, -p protocol
           Limit display to those records of the specified address_family or a
           single protocol.  The following address families and protocols are
           recognized:

           Family                      Protocols
           inet (AF_INET)              bdg, divert, icmp, igmp, ip, ipsec,
                                       pim, tcp, udp
           inet6 (AF_INET6)            bdg, icmp6, ip6, ipsec6, rip6, tcp, udp
           pfkey (PF_KEY)              pfkey
           atalk (AF_APPLETALK)        ddp
           netgraph, ng (AF_NETGRAPH)  ctrl, data
           ipx (AF_IPX)                ipx, spx
           unix (AF_UNIX)
           link (AF_LINK)

           The program will complain if protocol is unknown or if there is no
           statistics routine for it.

     -l    The -l option is equivalent to -W.

     -M    Extract values associated with the name list from the specified
           core instead of the default /dev/kmem.

     -N    Extract the name list from the specified system instead of the
           default, which is the kernel image the system has booted from.

     -n    Show network addresses and ports as numbers.  Normally netstat
           attempts to resolve addresses and ports, and display them symboli-
           cally.

     -W    In certain displays, avoid truncating addresses even if this causes
           some fields to overflow.

     The default display, for active sockets, shows the local and remote
     addresses, send and receive queue sizes (in bytes), protocol, and the
     internal state of the protocol.  Address formats are of the form
     ``host.port'' or ``network.port'' if a socket's address specifies a net-
     work but no specific host address.  When known, the host and network
     addresses are displayed symbolically according to the databases hosts(5)
     and networks(5), respectively.  If a symbolic name for an address is
     unknown, or if the -n option is specified, the address is printed numeri-
     cally, according to the address family.  For more information regarding
     the Internet IPv4 ``dot format'', refer to inet(3).  Unspecified, or
     ``wildcard'', addresses and ports appear as ``*''.

     The interface display provides a table of cumulative statistics regarding
     packets transferred, errors, and collisions.  The network addresses of
     the interface and the maximum transmission unit (``mtu'') are also dis-
     played.

     The routing table display indicates the available routes and their sta-
     tus.  Each route consists of a destination host or network, and a gateway
     to use in forwarding packets.  The flags field shows a collection of
     information about the route stored as binary choices.  The individual
     flags are discussed in more detail in the route(8) and route(4) manual
     pages.  The mapping between letters and flags is:

     1    RTF_PROTO1       Protocol specific routing flag #1
     2    RTF_PROTO2       Protocol specific routing flag #2
     3    RTF_PROTO3       Protocol specific routing flag #3
     B    RTF_BLACKHOLE    Just discard pkts (during updates)
     b    RTF_BROADCAST    The route represents a broadcast address
     C    RTF_CLONING      Generate new routes on use
     c    RTF_PRCLONING    Protocol-specified generate new routes on use
     D    RTF_DYNAMIC      Created dynamically (by redirect)
     G    RTF_GATEWAY      Destination requires forwarding by intermediary
     H    RTF_HOST         Host entry (net otherwise)
     L    RTF_LLINFO       Valid protocol to link address translation
     M    RTF_MODIFIED     Modified dynamically (by redirect)
     R    RTF_REJECT       Host or net unreachable
     S    RTF_STATIC       Manually added
     U    RTF_UP           Route usable
     W    RTF_WASCLONED    Route was generated as a result of cloning
     X    RTF_XRESOLVE     External daemon translates proto to link address

     Direct routes are created for each interface attached to the local host;
     the gateway field for such entries shows the address of the outgoing
     interface.  The refcnt field gives the current number of active uses of
     the route.  Connection oriented protocols normally hold on to a single
     route for the duration of a connection while connectionless protocols
     obtain a route while sending to the same destination.  The use field pro-
     vides a count of the number of packets sent using that route.  The inter-
     face entry indicates the network interface utilized for the route.

     When netstat is invoked with the -w option and a wait interval argument,
     it displays a running count of statistics related to network interfaces.
     An obsolescent version of this option used a numeric parameter with no
     option, and is currently supported for backward compatibility.  By
     default, this display summarizes information for all interfaces.  Infor-
     mation for a specific interface may be displayed with the -I option.

SEE ALSO
     fstat(1), nfsstat(1), ps(1), sockstat(1), inet(4), route(4), unix(4),
     hosts(5), networks(5), protocols(5), services(5), iostat(8), route(8),
     trpt(8), vmstat(8), mbuf(9)

HISTORY
     The netstat command appeared in 4.2BSD.

     IPv6 support was added by WIDE/KAME project.

BUGS
     The notion of errors is ill-defined.

FreeBSD 4.10                   September 7, 2001                  FreeBSD 4.10

NAME | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | BUGS

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