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MAN(1)                  FreeBSD General Commands Manual                 MAN(1)

NAME
     man -- format and display the on-line manual pages

SYNOPSIS
     man [-adfhkotw] [-m machine] [-p string] [-M path] [-P pager] [-S list]
         [section] name ...

DESCRIPTION
     Man formats and displays the on-line manual pages.  This version knows
     about the MANPATH and PAGER environment variables, so you can have your
     own set(s) of personal man pages and choose whatever program you like to
     display the formatted pages.  If section is specified, man only looks in
     that section of the manual.  You may also specify the order to search the
     sections for entries and which preprocessors to run on the source files
     via command line options or environment variables.  If enabled by the
     system administrator, formatted man pages will also be compressed with
     the `/usr/bin/gzip -c' command to save space.

     The options are as follows:

     -M path     Specify an alternate manpath.  By default, man uses
                 manpath(1) (which is built into the man binary) to determine
                 the path to search.  This option overrides the MANPATH envi-
                 ronment variable.

     -P pager    Specify which pager to use.  By default, man uses more -s.
                 This option overrides the PAGER environment variable.

     -S list     List is a colon separated list of manual sections to search.
                 This option overrides the MANSECT environment variable.

     -a          By default, man will exit after displaying the first manual
                 page it finds.  Using this option forces man to display all
                 the manual pages that match name, not just the first.

     -d          Don't actually display the man pages, but do print gobs of
                 debugging information.

     -f          Equivalent to whatis.

     -h          Print a help message and exit.

     -k          Equivalent to apropos.

     -m machine  As some manual pages are intended only for specific architec-
                 tures, man searches any subdirectories, with the same name as
                 the current architecture, in every directory which it
                 searches.  Machine specific areas are checked before general
                 areas.  The current machine type may be overridden using this
                 option or by setting the environment variable MACHINE to the
                 name of a specific architecture.  This option overrides the
                 MACHINE environment variable.

     -o          Look for original, non-localized manpages only.

                 By default, man searches for a localized manpage in a set of
                 locale subdirectories of each manpath(1) component.

                 Locale name is taken from the first of three environment
                 variables with a nonempty value: LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, or LANG,
                 in the specified order.

                 If the value could not be determined, or is not a valid
                 locale name, then only non-localized manpage will be looked
                 up.

                 Otherwise, man will search in the following subdirectories,
                 in the order of precedence:

                       _lang___country_._charset_
                       _lang_._charset_
                       en._charset_

                 For example, for ``de_DE.ISO8859-1'' locale, man will search
                 in the following subdirectories of the /usr/share/man manpath
                 component:

                       /usr/share/man/de_DE.ISO8859-1
                       /usr/share/man/de.ISO8859-1
                       /usr/share/man/en.ISO8859-1

                 Finally, if the search of localized manpage fails, it will be
                 looked up in the default /usr/share/man directory.

     -p string   Specify the sequence of preprocessors to run before nroff or
                 troff.  Not all installations will have a full set of pre-
                 processors.  Some of the preprocessors and the letters used
                 to designate them are: eqn (e), grap (g), pic (p), tbl (t),
                 vgrind (v), refer (r).  This option overrides the MANROFFSEQ
                 environment variable.

     -t          Use /usr/bin/groff -S -man to format the manual page, passing
                 the output to stdout.  The output from /usr/bin/groff -S -man
                 may need to be passed through some filter or another before
                 being printed.

     -w          Don't actually display the man pages, but do print the loca-
                 tion(s) of the files that would be formatted or displayed.

ENVIRONMENT
     LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LANG
                 These variables specify the preferred language for manual
                 pages.  (See the -o option above.)

     MACHINE     If MACHINE is set, its value is used to override the current
                 machine type when searching machine specific subdirectories.

     MANPATH     If MANPATH is set, its value is used as the path to search
                 for manual pages.

     MANROFFSEQ  If MANROFFSEQ is set, its value is used to determine the set
                 of preprocessors run before running nroff or troff.  By
                 default, pages are passed through the table preprocessor
                 before nroff.

     MANSECT     If MANSECT is set, its value is used to determine which man-
                 ual sections to search.

     PAGER       If PAGER is set, its value is used as the name of the program
                 to use to display the man page.  By default, more -s is used.

EXAMPLES
     Normally, to look at the relevant manpage information for getopt, one
     would use:

           man getopt

     However, when referring to a specific section of the manual, such as
     getopt(3), one would use:

           man 3 getopt

SEE ALSO
     apropos(1), groff(1), manpath(1), more(1), whatis(1), man(7), mdoc(7)

BUGS
     The -t option only works if the troff(1)-like program is installed.

FreeBSD 4.10                    January 5, 1991                   FreeBSD 4.10

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ENVIRONMENT | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | BUGS

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