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LPR(1)			FreeBSD	General	Commands Manual			LPR(1)

NAME
     lpr -- off	line print

SYNOPSIS
     lpr [-Pprinter] [-#num] [-C class]	[-J job] [-L locale] [-T title]
	 [-U user] [-Z daemon-options] [-i numcols] [-1234 font] [-w num]
	 [-cdfghlnmprstv] [name	...]

DESCRIPTION
     The lpr utility uses a spooling daemon to print the named files when
     facilities	become available.  If no names appear, the standard input is
     assumed.

     The following single letter options are used to notify the	line printer
     spooler that the files are	not standard text files.  The spooling daemon
     will use the appropriate filters to print the data	accordingly.  Note
     that not all spoolers implement filters for all data types, and some
     sites may use these types for other purposes than the ones	described
     here.

     -d	     The files are assumed to contain data in DVI format from the TeX
	     typesetting system.

     -f	     Use a filter which	interprets the first character of each line as
	     a standard	FORTRAN	carriage control character.

     -l	     Use a filter which	allows control characters to be	printed	and
	     suppresses	page breaks.

     -p	     Use pr(1) to format the files.

     The following options are historical and not directly supported by	any
     software included in FreeBSD.

     -c	     The files are assumed to contain data produced by cifplot(1).

     -g	     The files are assumed to contain standard plot data as produced
	     by	the UNIX plot(3) routines.

     -n	     The files are assumed to contain data from	ditroff	(device	inde-
	     pendent troff).

     -t	     The files are assumed to contain C/A/T phototypesetter commands
	     from ancient versions of UNIX troff(1).

     -v	     The files are assumed to contain a	raster image for devices like
	     the Benson	Varian.

     These options apply to the	handling of the	print job:

     -P	     Force output to a specific	printer.  Normally, the	default
	     printer is	used (site dependent), or the value of the environment
	     variable PRINTER is used.

     -h	     Suppress the printing of the burst	page.

     -m	     Send mail upon completion.

     -r	     Remove the	file upon completion of	spooling or upon completion of
	     printing (with the	-s option).

     -s	     Use symbolic links.  Usually files	are copied to the spool	direc-
	     tory.  The	-s option will use symlink(2) to link data files
	     rather than trying	to copy	them so	large files can	be printed.
	     This means	the files should not be	modified or removed until they
	     have been printed.

     The remaining options apply to copies, the	page display, and headers:

     -#num   The quantity num is the number of copies desired of each file
	     named.  For example,

		   lpr -#3 foo.c bar.c more.c
	     would result in 3 copies of the file foo.c, followed by 3 copies
	     of	the file bar.c,	etc.  On the other hand,

		   cat foo.c bar.c more.c | lpr	-#3

	     will give three copies of the concatenation of the	files.	Often
	     a site will disable this feature to encourage use of a photo-
	     copier instead.

     -[1234] font
	     Specifies a font to be mounted on font position i.	 The daemon
	     will construct a .railmag file referencing	the font pathname.

     -C	class
	     Job classification	to use on the burst page.  For example,

		   lpr -C EECS foo.c

	     causes the	system name (the name returned by hostname(1)) to be
	     replaced on the burst page	by EECS, and the file foo.c to be
	     printed.

     -J	job  Job name to print on the burst page.  Normally, the first file's
	     name is used.

     -L	locale
	     Use locale	specified as argument instead of one found in environ-
	     ment.  (Only effective when filtering through pr(1) is requested
	     using the -p option.)

     -T	title
	     Title name	for pr(1), instead of the file name.

     -U	user
	     User name to print	on the burst page, also	for accounting pur-
	     poses.  This option is only honored if the	real user-id is	daemon
	     (or that specified	in the printcap	file instead of	daemon), and
	     is	intended for those instances where print filters wish to
	     requeue jobs.

     -Z	daemon-options
	     Some spoolers, such as LPRng, accept additional per-job options
	     using a `Z' control line.	When -Z	is specified, and -p (pr(1))
	     is	not requested, the specified daemon-options will be passed to
	     the remote	LPRng spooler.

     -i	numcols
	     The output	is indented by (numcols).

     -w	num  Uses num as the page width	for pr(1).

ENVIRONMENT
     If	the following environment variable exists, it is used by lpr:

     PRINTER  Specifies	an alternate default printer.

FILES
     /etc/passwd	      Personal identification.
     /etc/printcap	      Printer capabilities data	base.
     /usr/sbin/lpd	      Line printer daemons.
     /var/spool/output/*      Directories used for spooling.
     /var/spool/output/*/cf*  Daemon control files.
     /var/spool/output/*/df*  Data files specified in "cf" files.
     /var/spool/output/*/tf*  Temporary	copies of "cf" files.

DIAGNOSTICS
     If	you try	to spool too large a file, it will be truncated.  The lpr
     utility will object to printing binary files.  If a user other than root
     prints a file and spooling	is disabled, lpr will print a message saying
     so	and will not put jobs in the queue.  If	a connection to	lpd(8) on the
     local machine cannot be made, lpr will say	that the daemon	cannot be
     started.  Diagnostics may be printed in the daemon's log file regarding
     missing spool files by lpd(8).

SEE ALSO
     lpq(1), lprm(1), pr(1), symlink(2), printcap(5), lpc(8), lpd(8)

HISTORY
     The lpr command appeared in 3BSD.

BUGS
     Fonts for troff(1)	and TeX	reside on the host with	the printer.  It is
     currently not possible to use local font libraries.

     The `Z' control file line is used for two different purposes; for stan-
     dard FreeBSD lpd(8), it specifies a locale	to be passed to	pr(1).	For
     LPRng lpd(8), it specifies	additional options to be interpreted by	the
     spooler's input and output	filters.  When submitting jobs via lpr,	-p -L
     locale is used in the former context, and -Z daemon-options is used in
     the latter.

FreeBSD	10.1			 June 6, 1993			  FreeBSD 10.1

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | DIAGNOSTICS | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | BUGS

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