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LN(1)				 User Commands				 LN(1)

NAME
       ln - make links between files

SYNOPSIS
       ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME   (1st form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET		      (2nd form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET...	DIRECTORY     (3rd form)
       ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET...  (4th form)

DESCRIPTION
       In  the	1st form, create a link	to TARGET with the name	LINK_NAME.  In
       the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in	the current directory.	In the
       3rd  and	 4th  forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY.	Create
       hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic.	When  creating
       hard  links, each TARGET	must exist.  Symbolic links can	hold arbitrary
       text; if	later resolved,	a relative link	is interpreted in relation  to
       its parent directory.

       Mandatory  arguments  to	 long  options are mandatory for short options
       too.

       --backup[=CONTROL]
	      make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but	does not accept	an argument

       -d, -F, --directory
	      allow the	superuser to attempt to	hard link  directories	(note:
	      will  probably  fail  due	 to  system restrictions, even for the
	      superuser)

       -f, --force
	      remove existing destination files

       -n, --no-dereference
	      treat destination	that is	a symlink to a directory as if it were
	      a	normal file

       -i, --interactive
	      prompt whether to	remove destinations

       -s, --symbolic
	      make symbolic links instead of hard links

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
	      override the usual backup	suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
	      specify the DIRECTORY in which to	create the links

       -T, --no-target-directory
	      treat LINK_NAME as a normal file

       -v, --verbose
	      print name of each linked	file

       --help display this help	and exit

       --version
	      output version information and exit

       The   backup   suffix   is  `~',	 unless	 set  with  --suffix  or  SIM-
       PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.  The version control method may be selected via  the
       --backup	 option	 or  through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.
       Here are	the values:

       none, off
	      never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
	      make numbered backups

       existing, nil
	      numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
	      always make simple backups

AUTHOR
       Written by Mike Parker and David	MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report ln bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page:	<http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software:	<http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2009 Free Software	Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:  GNU
       GPL version 3 or	later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This  is	 free  software:  you  are free	to change and redistribute it.
       There is	NO WARRANTY, to	the extent permitted by	law.

SEE ALSO
       link(2),	symlink(2)

       The full	documentation for ln is	maintained as a	 Texinfo  manual.   If
       the  info and ln	programs are properly installed	at your	site, the com-
       mand

	      info coreutils 'ln invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 7.1		   July	2010				 LN(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | AUTHOR | REPORTING BUGS | COPYRIGHT | SEE ALSO

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=ln&manpath=SuSE+Linux%2fi386+11.3>

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