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CP(1)			FreeBSD	General	Commands Manual			 CP(1)

NAME
     cp	-- copy	files

SYNOPSIS
     cp	[-R [-H	| -L | -P]] [-f	| -i | -n] [-lpv] source_file target_file
     cp	[-R [-H	| -L | -P]] [-f	| -i | -n] [-lpv] source_file ...
	target_directory

DESCRIPTION
     In	the first synopsis form, the cp	utility	copies the contents of the
     source_file to the	target_file.  In the second synopsis form, the con-
     tents of each named source_file is	copied to the destination
     target_directory.	The names of the files themselves are not changed.  If
     cp	detects	an attempt to copy a file to itself, the copy will fail.

     The following options are available:

     -H	   If the -R option is specified, symbolic links on the	command	line
	   are followed.  (Symbolic links encountered in the tree traversal
	   are not followed.)

     -L	   If the -R option is specified, all symbolic links are followed.

     -P	   If the -R option is specified, no symbolic links are	followed.
	   This	is the default.

     -R	   If source_file designates a directory, cp copies the	directory and
	   the entire subtree connected	at that	point.	If the source_file
	   ends	in a /,	the contents of	the directory are copied rather	than
	   the directory itself.  This option also causes symbolic links to be
	   copied, rather than indirected through, and for cp to create	spe-
	   cial	files rather than copying them as normal files.	 Created
	   directories have the	same mode as the corresponding source direc-
	   tory, unmodified by the process' umask.

	   Note	that cp	copies hard linked files as separate files.  If	you
	   need	to preserve hard links,	consider using tar(1), cpio(1),	or
	   pax(1) instead.

     -f	   For each existing destination pathname, remove it and create	a new
	   file, without prompting for confirmation regardless of its permis-
	   sions.  (The	-f option overrides any	previous -i or -n options.)

     -i	   Cause cp to write a prompt to the standard error output before
	   copying a file that would overwrite an existing file.  If the
	   response from the standard input begins with	the character `y' or
	   `Y',	the file copy is attempted.  (The -i option overrides any pre-
	   vious -f or -n options.)

     -l	   Create hard links to	regular	files in a hierarchy instead of	copy-
	   ing.

     -n	   Do not overwrite an existing	file.  (The -n option overrides	any
	   previous -f or -i options.)

     -p	   Cause cp to preserve	the following attributes of each source	file
	   in the copy:	modification time, access time,	file flags, file mode,
	   user	ID, and	group ID, as allowed by	permissions.

	   If the user ID and group ID cannot be preserved, no error message
	   is displayed	and the	exit value is not altered.

	   If the source file has its set-user-ID bit on and the user ID can-
	   not be preserved, the set-user-ID bit is not	preserved in the
	   copy's permissions.	If the source file has its set-group-ID	bit on
	   and the group ID cannot be preserved, the set-group-ID bit is not
	   preserved in	the copy's permissions.	 If the	source file has	both
	   its set-user-ID and set-group-ID bits on, and either	the user ID or
	   group ID cannot be preserved, neither the set-user-ID nor set-
	   group-ID bits are preserved in the copy's permissions.

     -v	   Cause cp to be verbose, showing files as they are copied.

     For each destination file that already exists, its	contents are overwrit-
     ten if permissions	allow.	Its mode, user ID, and group ID	are unchanged
     unless the	-p option was specified.

     In	the second synopsis form, target_directory must	exist unless there is
     only one named source_file	which is a directory and the -R	flag is	speci-
     fied.

     If	the destination	file does not exist, the mode of the source file is
     used as modified by the file mode creation	mask (umask, see csh(1)).  If
     the source	file has its set-user-ID bit on, that bit is removed unless
     both the source file and the destination file are owned by	the same user.
     If	the source file	has its	set-group-ID bit on, that bit is removed
     unless both the source file and the destination file are in the same
     group and the user	is a member of that group.  If both the	set-user-ID
     and set-group-ID bits are set, all	of the above conditions	must be	ful-
     filled or both bits are removed.

     Appropriate permissions are required for file creation or overwriting.

     Symbolic links are	always followed	unless the -R flag is set, in which
     case symbolic links are not followed, by default.	The -H or -L flags (in
     conjunction with the -R flag) cause symbolic links	to be followed as
     described above.  The -H, -L and -P options are ignored unless the	-R
     option is specified.  In addition,	these options override each other and
     the command's actions are determined by the last one specified.

     If	cp receives a SIGINFO (see the status argument for stty(1)) signal,
     the current input and output file and the percentage complete will	be
     written to	the standard output.

EXIT STATUS
     The cp utility exits 0 on success,	and >0 if an error occurs.

COMPATIBILITY
     Historic versions of the cp utility had a -r option.  This	implementation
     supports that option, however, its	use is strongly	discouraged, as	it
     does not correctly	copy special files, symbolic links or fifo's.

     The -v and	-n options are non-standard and	their use in scripts is	not
     recommended.

SEE ALSO
     mv(1), rcp(1), umask(2), fts(3), symlink(7)

STANDARDS
     The cp command is expected	to be IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') compati-
     ble.

HISTORY
     A cp command appeared in Version 1	AT&T UNIX.

FreeBSD	9.3			August 24, 2006			   FreeBSD 9.3

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXIT STATUS | COMPATIBILITY | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS | HISTORY

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