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COL(1)			FreeBSD	General	Commands Manual			COL(1)

NAME
     col -- filter reverse line	feeds from input

SYNOPSIS
     col [-bfhpx] [-l num]

DESCRIPTION
     The col utility filters out reverse (and half reverse) line feeds so that
     the output	is in the correct order	with only forward and half forward
     line feeds, and replaces white-space characters with tabs where possible.
     This can be useful	in processing the output of nroff(1) and tbl(1).

     The col utility reads from	the standard input and writes to the standard
     output.

     The options are as	follows:

     -b	     Do	not output any backspaces, printing only the last character
	     written to	each column position.

     -f	     Forward half line feeds are permitted (``fine'' mode).  Normally
	     characters	printed	on a half line boundary	are printed on the
	     following line.

     -h	     Do	not output multiple spaces instead of tabs (default).

     -l	num  Buffer at least num lines in memory.  By default, 128 lines are
	     buffered.

     -p	     Force unknown control sequences to	be passed through unchanged.
	     Normally, col will	filter out any control sequences from the
	     input other than those recognized and interpreted by itself,
	     which are listed below.

     -x	     Output multiple spaces instead of tabs.

     In	the input stream, col understands both the escape sequences of the
     form escape-digit mandated	by Version 2 of	the Single UNIX	Specification
     (``SUSv2'') and the traditional BSD format	escape-control-character.  The
     control sequences for carriage motion and their ASCII values are as fol-
     lows:

     ESC-BELL	      reverse line feed	(escape	then bell).
     ESC-7	      reverse line feed	(escape	then 7).
     ESC-BACKSPACE    half reverse line	feed (escape then backspace).
     ESC-8	      half reverse line	feed (escape then 8).
     ESC-TAB	      half forward line	feed (escape than tab).
     ESC-9	      half forward line	feed (escape then 9).  In -f mode,
		      this sequence may	also occur in the output stream.
     backspace	      moves back one column (8); ignored in the	first column
     carriage return  (13)
     newline	      forward line feed	(10); also does	carriage return
     shift in	      shift to normal character	set (15)
     shift out	      shift to alternate character set (14)
     space	      moves forward one	column (32)
     tab	      moves forward to next tab	stop (9)
     vertical tab     reverse line feed	(11)

     All unrecognized control characters and escape sequences are discarded.

     The col utility keeps track of the	character set as characters are	read
     and makes sure the	character set is correct when they are output.

     If	the input attempts to back up to the last flushed line,	col will dis-
     play a warning message.

ENVIRONMENT
     The LANG, LC_ALL and LC_CTYPE environment variables affect	the execution
     of	col as described in environ(7).

EXIT STATUS
     The col utility exits 0 on	success, and >0	if an error occurs.

SEE ALSO
     colcrt(1),	expand(1), nroff(1), tbl(1)

STANDARDS
     The col utility conforms to Version 2 of the Single UNIX Specification
     (``SUSv2'').

HISTORY
     A col command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.

FreeBSD	10.2			 May 10, 2015			  FreeBSD 10.2

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ENVIRONMENT | EXIT STATUS | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS | HISTORY

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