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CHROOT(2)                 FreeBSD System Calls Manual                CHROOT(2)

NAME
     chroot -- change root directory

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     chroot(const char *dirname);

DESCRIPTION
     Dirname is the address of the pathname of a directory, terminated by an
     ASCII NUL.  Chroot() causes dirname to become the root directory, that
     is, the starting point for path searches of pathnames beginning with `/'.

     In order for a directory to become the root directory a process must have
     execute (search) access for that directory.

     It should be noted that chroot() has no effect on the process's current
     directory.

     This call is restricted to the super-user.

     Depending on the setting of the `kern.chroot_allow_open_directories'
     sysctl variable, open filedescriptors which reference directories will
     make the chroot() fail as follows:

     If `kern.chroot_allow_open_directories' is set to zero, chroot() will
     always fail with EPERM if there are any directories open.

     If `kern.chroot_allow_open_directories' is set to one (the default),
     chroot() will fail with EPERM if there are any directories open and the
     process is already subject to a chroot() call.

     Any other value for `kern.chroot_allow_open_directories' will bypass the
     check for open directories

     Upon successful completion, a value of 0 is returned.  Otherwise, a value
     of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate an error.

ERRORS
     Chroot() will fail and the root directory will be unchanged if:

     [ENOTDIR]          A component of the path name is not a directory.

     [EPERM]            The effective user ID is not the super-user, or one or
                        more filedescriptors are open directories.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or
                        an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters.

     [ENOENT]           The named directory does not exist.

     [EACCES]           Search permission is denied for any component of the
                        path name.

     [ELOOP]            Too many symbolic links were encountered in translat-
                        ing the pathname.

     [EFAULT]           dirname points outside the process's allocated address
                        space.

     [EIO]              An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to
                        the file system.

SEE ALSO
     chdir(2), jail(2)

HISTORY
     The chroot() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

FreeBSD 4.10                     June 4, 1993                     FreeBSD 4.10

NAME | LIBRARY | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ERRORS | SEE ALSO | HISTORY

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