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BURNCD(8)               FreeBSD System Manager's Manual              BURNCD(8)

NAME
     burncd -- control the ATAPI CD-R/RW driver

SYNOPSIS
     burncd [-deFlmnpqtv] [-f device] [-s speed] [command] [command file ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The burncd utility is used to burn CD-R/RW media using the ATAPI cd
     driver.

     Available options and operands:

     -d            burn the CD-R/RW in DAO (disk at once) mode.

     -e            eject the medium when done.

     -f device     set the device to use for the burning process.

     -F            force operation regardless of warnings.

     -l            read a list of image files from filename.

     -m            close disk in multisession mode (otherwise disk is closed
                   as singlesession).

     -n            do not write gaps between data tracks in DAO mode.

     -p            use preemphasis on audio tracks.

     -q            quiet, do not print progress messages.

     -s speed      set the speed of the burner device.  Defaults to 4.  Spec-
                   ify ``max'' to use the drive's fastest speed.

     -t            test write, do not actually write on the media.

     -v            verbose, print extra progress messages.

     command may be one of:

     msinfo        Show the first LBA of the last track on the media and the
                   next writeable address on the media for use with the
                   mkisofs(8)'s (ports/sysutils/cdrtools) -C switch when
                   adding additional data to ISO file systems with extra ses-
                   sions.

     blank         Blank a CD-RW medium.  This uses the fast blanking method,
                   so data are not physically overwritten, only those areas
                   that make the media appear blank for further usage are
                   erased.

     eject         Eject the medium when done.  This is equivalent to the -e
                   option.

     erase         Erase a CD-RW medium.  This erases the entire media.  Can
                   take up to 1 hour to finish.

     format {dvd+rw | dvd-rw}
                   Formats a DVD+RW or DVD-RW media to the default max size
                   and 2048 byte blocks.  This operation can take a long time
                   to finish.  Progress reporting is done during the process.

     fixate        Fixate the medium so that the TOC is generated and the
                   media can be used in an ordinary CD drive.  The driver
                   defaults to creating singlesession media (see -m option).
                   Ignored in DAO mode (see -d option).

     raw | audio   Set the write mode to produce audio (raw mode) tracks for
                   the following images on the command line.

     data | mode1  Set the write mode to produce data (mode1) tracks for the
                   following image files on the command line.

     mode2         Set the write mode to produce data (mode2) tracks for the
                   following image files on the command line.

     XAmode1       Set the write mode to produce data (XAmode1) tracks for the
                   following image files on the command line.

     XAmode2       Set the write mode to produce data (XAmode2) tracks for the
                   following image files on the command line.

     vcd           Set the write mode to produce VCD/SVCD tracks for the fol-
                   lowing image files on the command line.  This automatically
                   sets DAO (-d) and ``no gaps'' (-n) modes.

     dvdrw         Set the write mode to write a DVD+RW from the following
                   image.  DVDs only have one track.

     file          All other arguments are treated as filenames of images to
                   write to the media, or in case the -l option is used as
                   files containing lists of images.

     Files whose length are not a multiple of the current media blocksize are
     quietly zero padded to fit the blocksize requirement.  The conventional
     filename - refers to stdin, and can only be used once.

ENVIRONMENT
     The following environment variables affect the execution of burncd:

     CDROM  The CD device to use if one is not specified with the -f flag.

FILES
     /dev/acd0  The default device, if not overridden by the CDROM environment
                variable or the -f option.

EXAMPLES
     The typical usage for burning a data CD-R:

           burncd -f /dev/acd0 data file1 fixate

     The typical usage for burning an audio CD-R:

           burncd -f /dev/acd0 audio file1 file2 file3 fixate

     The typical usage for burning an audio CD-R in DAO mode:

           burncd -f /dev/acd0 -d audio file1 file2 file3

     The typical usage for burning a mixed mode CD-R:

           burncd -f /dev/acd0 data file1 audio file2 file3 fixate

     The typical usage for burning from a compressed image file on stdin:

           gunzip -c file.iso.gz | burncd -f /dev/acd0 data - fixate

     In the examples above, the files burned to data CD-Rs are assumed to be
     ISO9660 file systems.  mkisofs(8), available in the FreeBSD Ports Collec-
     tion, as part of the sysutils/cdrtools port, is commonly used to create
     ISO9660 file system images from a given directory tree.

HISTORY
     The burncd utility appeared in FreeBSD 4.0.

AUTHORS
     The burncd utility and this manpage was contributed by Soren Schmidt,
     Denmark <sos@FreeBSD.org>.

BUGS
     Probably, please report when found.

FreeBSD 6.2                       May 2, 2005                      FreeBSD 6.2

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | EXAMPLES | HISTORY | AUTHORS | BUGS

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