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ADDUSER.CONF(5)		  FreeBSD File Formats Manual	       ADDUSER.CONF(5)

     adduser.conf -- adduser(8)	configuration file

     The /etc/adduser.conf file	is automatically generated by the adduser(8)
     utility when invoked with the -C command-line option.  It is not meant to
     be	edited by hand.

     The /etc/adduser.conf file	is used	to pre-set certain configuration
     options for the adduser(8)	utility.  When adduser(8) is invoked, it will
     check to see if this file exists, and if so, the configuration will be
     used or offered as	the default settings.  The adduser.conf	file offers
     three types of configuration:

     +o	 Default settings offered by adduser(8).  These	options	are specified
	 in the	configuration file and offered as the default during every
	 invocation of the adduser(8) utility.

     +o	 Configuration options which can be set	in adduser.conf, but overrid-
	 den by	passing	a flag to adduser(8).

     +o	 Configuration supported by adduser(8) but not offered by a flag or
	 during	initial	invocation.

     In	the first case,	these options can be set in adduser.conf but will
     still be offered when adduser(8) is invoked.  In the second case,
     adduser(8)	will read the configuration data unless	a flag has been	passed
     to	override it.  For example, the defaultshell option.  In	the third
     case, the configuration will be utilized, but the user will never be
     prompted to modify	the default setting by either a	flag or	an adduser(8)
     prompt.  For example, the upwexpire setting.

     The following configuration options can be	set in adduser.conf:

	   defaultLgroup  The default group new	users will be added to.

	   defaultclass	  The default class to place users in as described in

	   defaultgroups  This option is used to specify what other groups the
			  new account should be	added to.

	   passwdtype	  May be one of	no, none, random, or yes, as described
			  in adduser(8).  As such, the text is not duplicated
			  here and may be read in adduser(8).

	   homeprefix	  The default home directory prefix, usually /home.

	   defaultshell	  The user's default shell which may be	any of the
			  shells listed	in shells(5).

	   udotdir	  Defines the location of the default shell and	envi-
			  ronment configuration	files.

	   msgfile	  Location of the default new user message file.  This
			  message will be sent to all new users	if specified
			  here or at the adduser(8) prompt.

	   disableflag	  The default message enclosed in brackets for the
			  lock account prompt.

	   upwexpire	  The default password expiration time.	 Format	of the
			  date is either a UNIX	time in	decimal, or a date in
			  dd-mmm-yy[yy]	format,	where dd is the	day, mmm is
			  the month in either numeric or alphabetic format,
			  and yy[yy] is	either a two or	four digit year.  This
			  option also accepts a	relative date in the form of
			  n[mhdwoy] where n is a decimal, octal	(leading 0) or
			  hexadecimal (leading 0x) digit followed by the num-
			  ber of Minutes, Hours, Days, Weeks, Months or	Years
			  from the current date	at which the expiration	time
			  is to	be set.

	   uexpire	  The default account expire time.  The	format is sim-
			  ilar to the upwexpire	option.

	   ugecos	  The default information to be	held in	the GECOS
			  field	of /etc/master.passwd.

	   uidstart	  The default user ID setting.	This must be a number
			  above	1000 and fewer than 65534.

     The following is an example adduser.conf file created with	the -C
     adduser(8)	flag and modified.

	   # Configuration file	for adduser(8).
	   # NOTE: only	*some* variables are saved.
	   # Last Modified on Fri Mar 30 14:04:05 EST 2004.

	   upwexpire=91d # Expire passwords 91 days after creation.

     group(5), passwd(5), adduser(8), pw(8), rmuser(8)

     The adduser.conf manual page first	appeared in FreeBSD 5.3.

     The internal variables documented here may	change without notice.	Do not
     rely on them.  To modify this file	invoke adduser(8) with the -C option

     This manual page was written by Tom Rhodes	<>.

FreeBSD	10.2			April 12, 2007			  FreeBSD 10.2


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