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ADDING_USER(8)		FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual		ADDING_USER(8)

     adding_user -- procedure for adding new users

     A new user	must choose a login name, which	must not already appear	in
     /etc/passwd or /etc/mail/aliases.	It must	also not begin with the	hyphen
     `-' character.  It	is strongly recommended	that it	be all lower-case, and
     not contain the dot `.' character,	as that	tends to confuse mailers.  An
     account can be added by editing a line into the passwd file; this must be
     done with the password file locked	e.g. by	using chpass(1)	or vipw(8).

     A new user	is given a group and user id.  Login and user id's should be
     unique across the system, and often across	a group	of systems, since they
     are used to control file access.  Typically, users	working	on similar
     projects will be put in the same groups.  At the University of Califor-
     nia, Berkeley, we have groups for system staff, faculty, graduate stu-
     dents, and	special	groups for large projects.

     A skeletal	account	for a new user ``ernie'' might look like:

     ernie::25:30::0:0:Ernie Kovacs,508	Evans Hall,x7925,

     For a description of each of these	fields,	see passwd(5).

     It	is useful to give new users some help in getting started, supplying
     them with a few skeletal files such as .profile if	they use /bin/sh, or
     .cshrc and	.login if they use /bin/csh.  The directory /usr/share/skel
     contains skeletal definitions of such files.  New users should be given
     copies of these files which, for instance,	use tset(1) automatically at
     each login.

     /etc/master.passwd	   user	database
     /usr/share/skel	   skeletal login directory

     chpass(1),	finger(1), passwd(1), aliases(5), passwd(5), adduser(8),
     pwd_mkdb(8), vipw(8)

     The adding_user utility appeared in 3.0BSD.

     User information should (and eventually will) be stored elsewhere.

FreeBSD	10.2			 June 5, 1993			  FreeBSD 10.2


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