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ATA(4)		       FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual			ATA(4)

NAME
     ata, ar, acd, ad, afd, ast	-- generic ATA/ATAPI disk controller driver

SYNOPSIS
     For ISA based ATA/ATAPI support:
     device isa
     device ata

     In	/boot/device.hints:
     hint.ata.0.at="isa"
     hint.ata.0.port="0x1f0"
     hint.ata.0.irq="14"
     hint.ata.1.at="isa"
     hint.ata.1.port="0x170"
     hint.ata.1.irq="15"

     For PC98 based ATA/ATAPI support:
     device isa
     device ata

     In	/boot/device.hints:
     hint.atacbus.0.at="isa"
     hint.atacbus.0.port="0x640"
     hint.atacbus.0.irq="9"

     For PCI based ATA/ATAPI support:
     device pci
     device ata

     To	support	ATA compliant disk drives:
     device atadisk

     To	support	ATA software RAID's:
     device ataraid

     To	support	ATAPI CDROM, DVD and CD/DVD burner drives:
     device atapicd

     To	support	ATAPI floppy drives:
     device atapifd

     To	support	ATAPI tape drives:
     device atapist

     The following tunables are	setable	from the loader:

     hw.ata.ata_dma
     set to 1 for DMA access, 0	for PIO	(default is DMA).

     hw.ata.atapi_dma
     set to 1 for DMA access, 0	for PIO	(default is PIO).

     hw.ata.wc
     set to 1 to enable	Write Caching, 0 to disable (default is	enabled).
     WARNING: can cause	data loss on power failures.

DESCRIPTION
     The ata driver provides access to ATA (IDE) and SerialATA disk drives,
     ATAPI CDROM/DVD drives, ZIP/LS120 ATAPI drives and	ATAPI tape drives con-
     nected to controllers according to	the ATA/ATAPI standards.

     The currently supported ATA/SATA controller chips are:

     Acard:	     ATP850P, ATP860A, ATP860R,	ATP865A, ATP865R
     ALI:	     Aladdin (ALi5229) compatible chips.
     AMD:	     AMD756, AMD766, AMD768, AMD8111.
     CMD:	     CMD646, CMD648, CMD649.
     Cyrix:	     Cyrix 5530.
     Cypress:	     Cypress 82C693.
     HighPoint:	     HPT302, HPT366, HPT366, HPT368, HPT370, HPT371, HPT372,
		     HPT374.
     Intel:	     PIIX, PIIX3, PIIX4, ICH, ICH0, ICH2, ICH3,	ICH4, ICH5.
     National:	     SC1100.
     nVidia:	     nForce, nForce2, nForce3.
     Promise:	     PDC20246, PDC20262, PDC20263, PDC20265, PDC20267,
		     PDC20268, PDC20269, PDC20270, PDC20271, PDC20275,
		     PDC20276, PDC20277, PDC20318, PDC20319, PDC20371,
		     PDC20375, PDC20376, PDC20377, PDC20378, PDC20379,
		     PDC20617, PDC20618, PDC20619, PDC20620.
     ServerWorks:    ROSB4, CSB5, CSB6.
     Silicon Image:  SiI0680, SiI3112.
     SiS:	     SIS5513, SIS530, SIS540, SIS550, SIS620, SIS630, SIS630S,
		     SIS633, SIS635, SIS730, SIS733, SIS735, SIS745, SIS961,
		     SIS962, SIS963
     VIA:	     VT82C586, VT82C586B, VT82C596, VT82C596B, VT82C686,
		     VT82C686A,	VT82C686B, VT8231, VT8233, VT8233A, VT8233C,
		     VT8235, VT8237.

     Unknown ATA chipsets are supported	in PIO modes, and if the standard bus-
     master DMA	registers are present and contain valid	setup, DMA is also
     enabled, although the max mode is limitted	to UDMA33, as it is not	known
     what the chipset can do and how to	program	it.

     The ata driver can	change the transfer mode and various other parameters
     when the system is	up and running.	 See atacontrol(8).

     The driver	sets the maximum transfer mode supported by the	hardware as
     default.  However the ata driver sometimes	warns: ``DMA limited to
     UDMA33, non-ATA66 cable or	device''.  This	means that the ata driver has
     detected that the required	80 conductor cable is not present or could not
     be	detected properly, or that one of the devices on the channel only
     accepts up	to UDMA2/ATA33.

     ATAPI devices are set to PIO mode by default because severe DMA problems
     are common	even if	the device capabilities	indicate support.  You can
     always try	to set DMA mode	on an ATAPI device using atacontrol(8),	but be
     aware that	your hardware might not	support	it and can potentially hang
     the entire	system causing data loss.

FILES
     /dev/ad*		     ATA disk device nodes
     /dev/ar*		     ATA RAID device nodes
     /dev/acd*		     ATAPI CD-ROM device nodes
     /dev/afd*		     ATAPI floppy drive	device nodes
     /dev/ast*		     ATAPI tape	drive device nodes
     /sys/i386/conf/GENERIC  sample generic kernel config file for ata based
			     systems

NOTES
     Please remember that in order to use UDMA4/ATA66 and above	modes you must
     use 80 conductor cables.  Please assure that ribbon cables	are no longer
     than 45cm.	 In case of rounded ATA	cables,	the length depends on the
     quality of	the cables.  SATA cables can be	up to 1m long according	to the
     specification.

     Static device numbering (enabled with the ATA_STATIC_ID kernel option)
     reserves a	number for each	possibly connected disk, even when not
     present.  This is usefull in hotswap senarios where disks should always
     show up as	the same numbered device, and not depend on attach order.

SEE ALSO
     atacontrol(8), burncd(8)

HISTORY
     The ata driver first appeared in FreeBSD 4.0.

AUTHORS
     Soren Schmidt <sos@FreeBSD.org>.

FreeBSD	10.1		       November	4, 2003			  FreeBSD 10.1

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FILES | NOTES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | AUTHORS

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