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SHA_Init(3), SHA_Update(3), SHA_Final(3), SHA_End(3), SHA_File(3), SHA_Data(3), SHA1_Init(3), SHA1_Update(3), SHA1_Final(3), SHA1_End(3), SHA1_File(3), SHA1_Data(3)
calculate the FIPS 160 and 160-1 ``SHA'' message digests
a2p(1)
Awk to Perl translator
addftinfo(1)
add information to troff font files for use with groff
addr2line(1)
convert addresses into file names and line numbers
afmtodit(1)
create font files for use with groff -Tps
apply(1)
apply a command to a set of arguments
apropos(1), whatis(1)
search the whatis database
ar(1)
create, modify, and extract from archives
at(1), batch(1), atq(1), atrm(1)
queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
basename(1), dirname(1)
return filename or directory portion of pathname
bc(1)
An arbitrary precision calculator language
biff(1)
be notified if mail arrives and who it is from
brandelf(1)
mark an ELF binary for a specific ABI
builtin(1), alias(1), alloc(1), bg(1), bindkey(1), break(1), breaksw(1), builtins(1), case(1), cd(1), chdir(1), command(1), complete(1), continue(1), default(1), dirs(1), do(1), done(1), echo(1), echotc(1), elif(1), else(1), end(1), endif(1), endsw(1), esac(1), eval(1), exec(1), exit(1), export(1), false(1), fc(1), fg(1), filetest(1), fi(1), for(1), foreach(1), getopts(1), glob(1), goto(1), hash(1), hashstat(1), history(1), hup(1), if(1), jobid(1), jobs(1), kill(1), limit(1), log(1), login(1), logout(1), ls-F(1), nice(1), nohup(1), notify(1), onintr(1), popd(1), printenv(1), printf(1), pushd(1), pwd(1), read(1), readonly(1), rehash(1), repeat(1), sched(1), set(1), setenv(1), settc(1), setty(1), setvar(1), shift(1), source(1), stop(1), suspend(1), switch(1), telltc(1), test(1), then(1), time(1), trap(1), true(1), type(1), ulimit(1), umask(1), unalias(1), uncomplete(1), unhash(1), unlimit(1), unset(1), unsetenv(1), until(1), wait(1), where(1), which(1), while(1)
shell builtin commands
bzip2(1), bunzip2(1)
a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0 bzcat
c2ph(1), pstruct(1)
Dump C structures as generated from f(CWcc -g -S stabs
c89(1)
POSIX.2 C language compiler
cal(1), ncal(1)
displays a calendar and the date of easter
calendar(1)
reminder service
cap_mkdb(1)
create capability database
cat(1)
concatenate and print files
catman(1)
preformat man pages
cdcontrol(1)
compact disc control utility
checknr(1)
check nroff/troff files
chflags(1)
change file flags
chgrp(1)
change group
chio(1)
medium changer control utility
chkey(1)
change your encryption key
chmod(1)
change file modes
chpass(1), chfn(1), chsh(1), ypchpass(1), ypchfn(1), ypchsh(1)
add or change user database information
ci(1)
check in RCS revisions
ckdist(1)
check software distributions
cksum(1), sum(1)
display file checksums and block counts
cmp(1)
compare two files
co(1)
check out RCS revisions
col(1)
filter reverse line feeds from input
colcrt(1)
filter nroff output for CRT previewing
colldef(1)
convert collation sequence source definition
colrm(1)
remove columns from a file
column(1)
columnate lists
comm(1)
select or reject lines common to two files
compile_et(1)
error table compiler
compress(1), uncompress(1), zcat(1)
compress and expand data
cp(1)
copy files
cpio(1)
copy files to and from archives
cpp(1)
The GNU C-Compatible Compiler Preprocessor
crontab(1)
maintain crontab files for individual users (V3)
crunchgen(1)
generates build environment for a crunched binary
crunchide(1)
hides symbol names from ld, for crunching programs together
ctags(1)
create a tags file
ctm(1)
source code mirror program
ctm_smail(1), ctm_dequeue(1), ctm_rmail(1)
send and receive ctm deltas via mail
cu(1)
Call up another system
cursor(1)
set cursor shape for the pcvt VT220 video driver
cut(1)
select portions of each line of a file
cvs(1)
Concurrent Versions System
date(1)
display or set date and time
dc(1)
an arbitrary precision calculator
dd(1)
convert and copy a file
df(1)
display free disk space
dialog(1)
display dialog boxes from shell scripts
diff(1)
find differences between two files
diff3(1)
find differences between three files
dig(1)
send domain name query packets to name servers
dnskeygen(1)
generate public, private, and shared secret keys for DNS Security
dnsquery(1)
query domain name servers using resolver
domainname(1)
set or print name of current YP/NIS domain
doscmd(1)
run a subset of real-mode DOS programs
dtmfdecode(1)
decodes DTMF tones from A-law audio data
du(1)
display disk usage statistics
echo(1)
write arguments to the standard output
ee(1)
easy editor
enigma(1), crypt(1)
very simple file encryption
eqn(1)
format equations for troff
ex(1), vi(1), view(1)
text editors
expand(1), unexpand(1)
expand tabs to spaces, and vice versa
expr(1)
evaluate expression
f77(1), g77(1)
GNU project Fortran Compiler (v0.5.24)
false(1)
return false value
fdformat(1)
format floppy disks
fdwrite(1)
format and write floppy disks
fetch(1)
retrieve a file by Uniform Resource Locator
file(1)
determine file type
file2c(1)
convert file to c-source
find(1)
walk a file hierarchy
finger(1)
user information lookup program
finger.conf(5)
finger(1) alias configuration file
flex(1)
fast lexical analyzer generator
fmt(1)
simple text formatter
fold(1)
fold long lines for finite width output device
fontedit(1)
edit fonts
from(1)
print names of those who have sent mail
fstat(1)
file status
fsync(1)
synchronize a file's in-core state with that on disk
ftp(1), pftp(1), gate-ftp(1)
ARPANET file transfer program
g711conv(1)
conversions according to G.711
gasp(1)
the GNU Assembler Macro Preprocessor
gawk(1)
pattern scanning and processing language
gcc(1), g++(1)
GNU project C and C++ Compiler (gcc-2.95.3)
gcore(1)
get core images of running process
gdb(1)
The GNU Debugger
gdbserver(1)
Remote Server for the GNU Debugger
gencat(1)
NLS catalog compiler
getNAME(1)
get name sections from manual pages
getopt(1)
parse command options
gperf(1)
generate a perfect hash function from a key set
gprof(1)
display call graph profile data
grep(1), egrep(1), fgrep(1), zgrep(1)
print lines matching a pattern
grn(1)
groff preprocessor for gremlin files
grodvi(1)
convert groff output to TeX dvi format
groff(1)
front end for the groff document formatting system
grog(1)
guess options for groff command
grolbp(1)
groff driver for Canon CAPSL printers (LBP-4 and LBP-8 series laser printers)
grolj4(1)
groff driver for HP Laserjet 4 family
grops(1)
PostScript driver for groff
grotty(1)
groff driver for typewriter-like devices
groups(1)
show group memberships
gzexe(1)
compress executable files in place
gzip(1), gunzip(1), zcat(1)
compress or expand files
h2ph(1)
convert .h C header files to .ph Perl header files
h2xs(1)
convert .h C header files to Perl extensions
head(1)
display first lines of a file
hexdump(1), hd(1)
ASCII, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
host(1)
look up host names using domain server
hostname(1)
set or print name of current host system
hpftodit(1)
create font description files for use with groff -Tlj4
id(1)
return user identity
ident(1)
identify RCS keyword strings in files
indent(1)
indent and format C program source
indxbib(1)
make inverted index for bibliographic databases
info(1)
read Info documents
install(1)
install binaries
install-info(1)
update info/dir entries
intro(1)
introduction to general commands (tools and utilities)
ipcrm(1)
remove the specified message queues, semaphore sets, and shared segments
ipcs(1)
report System V interprocess communication facilities status
ipftest(1)
test packet filter rules with arbitrary input
ipnat(1)
user interface to the NAT
ipresend(1)
resend IP packets out to network
ipsend(1)
sends IP packets
iptest(1)
automatically generate a packets to test IP functionality
join(1)
relational database operator
jot(1)
print sequential or random data
kbdcontrol(1)
a utility for manipulating the syscons console driver
kbdmap(1), vidfont(1)
front end for syscons
kcon(1)
pcvt keyboard control and remapping
kdump(1)
display kernel trace data
kenv(1)
dump the kernel environment
key(1)
stand-alone program for computing responses to S/Key challenges
keyinfo(1)
display current S/Key sequence number and seed
keyinit(1)
change password or add user to S/Key authentication system
keylogin(1)
decrypt and store secret key
keylogout(1)
delete stored secret key
kill(1)
terminate or signal a process
killall(1)
kill processes by name
ktrace(1)
enable kernel process tracing
lam(1)
laminate files
last(1)
indicate last logins of users and ttys
lastcomm(1)
show last commands executed in reverse order
ld(1)
the GNU linker
ld-elf.so.1(1), rtld(1)
run-time link-editor
ldd(1)
list dynamic object dependencies
leave(1)
remind you when you have to leave
less(1)
opposite of more
lesskey(1)
specify key bindings for less
lge(4)
Level 1 LXT1001 NetCellerator PCI gigabit ethernet adapter driver
limits(1)
set or display process resource limits
lint(1)
a C program verifier
lkbib(1)
search bibliographic databases
ln(1), link(1)
make links
loadfont(1)
pcvt utility for loading fonts into VGA/EGA boards
locate(1)
find filenames quickly
lock(1)
reserve a terminal
lockf(1)
execute a command while holding a file lock
logger(1)
make entries in the system log
login(1)
log into the computer
logname(1)
display user's login name
look(1)
display lines beginning with a given string
lookbib(1)
search bibliographic databases
lorder(1)
list dependencies for object files
lp(1)
front-end to the print spooler
lpq(1)
spool queue examination program
lpr(1)
off line print
lprm(1)
remove jobs from the line printer spooling queue
lptest(1)
generate lineprinter ripple pattern
ls(1)
list directory contents
lsvfs(1)
list installed virtual file systems
m4(1)
macro language processor
mail(1)
send and receive mail
make(1)
maintain program dependencies
makeinfo(1)
translate Texinfo documents
makewhatis(1)
create whatis database
man(1)
format and display the on-line manual pages
manpath(1)
determine user's search path for man pages
mcon(1)
controls pcvt mouse emulator
md5(1)
calculate a message-digest fingerprint (checksum) for a file
merge(1)
three-way file merge
mesg(1)
display (do not display) messages from other users
minigzip(1)
minimal implementation of the 'gzip' compression tool
mk_cmds(1)
generate commands from table file
mkdep(1)
construct Makefile dependency list
mkdir(1)
make directories
mkfifo(1)
make fifos
mklocale(1)
make LC_CTYPE locale files
mkstr(1)
create an error message file by massaging C source
mktemp(1)
make temporary file name (unique)
mptable(1)
display MP configuration table
msgs(1)
system messages and junk mail program
mt(1)
magnetic tape manipulating program
mv(1)
move files
ncplist(1)
displays various information about ncplib and NetWare servers
ncplogin(1)
create permanent connection to a NetWare server
ncplogout(1)
schedule permanent connection to close
neqn(1)
format equations for ascii output
netstat(1)
show network status
nfsstat(1)
display NFS statistics
nice(1)
execute a command at a low scheduling priority
nl(1)
line numbering filter
nm(1)
list symbols from object files
nohup(1)
invoke a command immune to hangups
nroff(1)
emulate nroff command with groff
objcopy(1)
copy and translate object files
objdump(1)
display information from object files
objformat(1)
reports default binary format and program deflector
od(1)
octal, decimal, hex, ASCII dump
opieinfo(1)
Extract sequence number and seed for future OPIE challenges
opiekey(1), otp-md4(1), otp-md5(1)
Programs for computing responses to OTP challenges
opiepasswd(1)
Change or set a user's password for the OPIE authentication system
pagesize(1)
print system page size
passwd(1), yppasswd(1)
modify a user's password
paste(1)
merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files
patch(1)
apply a diff file to an original
pawd(1)
print automounter working directory
pax(1)
read and write file archives and copy directory hierarchies
perl(1)
Practical Extraction and Report Language
perlapio(1)
perl's IO abstraction interface
perlbook(1)
Perl book information
perlbot(1)
Bag'o Object Tricks (the BOT)
perlbug(1)
how to submit bug reports on Perl
perlcall(1)
Perl calling conventions from C
perlcc(1)
frontend for perl compiler
perldata(1)
Perl data types
perldebug(1)
Perl debugging
perldelta(1)
what's new for perl5.004
perldelta(1)
what's new for perl5.005
perldiag(1)
various Perl diagnostics
perldoc(1)
Look up Perl documentation in pod format
perldsc(1)
Perl Data Structures Cookbook
perlembed(1)
how to embed perl in your C program
perlfaq(1)
frequently asked questions about Perl ($Date: 1999/01/08 05:54:52 $)
perlfaq1(1)
General Questions About Perl ($Revision: 1.20 $, f(CW$Date: 1999/01/08 04:22:09 $)
perlfaq2(1)
Obtaining and Learning about Perl ($Revision: 1.30 $, f(CW$Date: 1998/12/29 19:43:32 $)
perlfaq3(1)
Programming Tools ($Revision: 1.33 $, f(CW$Date: 1998/12/29 20:12:12 $)
perlfaq4(1)
Data Manipulation ($Revision: 1.40 $, f(CW$Date: 1999/01/08 04:26:39 $)
perlfaq5(1)
Files and Formats ($Revision: 1.34 $, f(CW$Date: 1999/01/08 05:46:13 $)
perlfaq6(1)
Regexps ($Revision: 1.25 $, f(CW$Date: 1999/01/08 04:50:47 $)
perlfaq7(1)
Perl Language Issues ($Revision: 1.24 $, f(CW$Date: 1999/01/08 05:32:11 $)
perlfaq8(1)
System Interaction ($Revision: 1.36 $, f(CW$Date: 1999/01/08 05:36:34 $)
perlfaq9(1)
Networking ($Revision: 1.24 $, f(CW$Date: 1999/01/08 05:39:48 $)
perlform(1)
Perl formats
perlfunc(1)
Perl builtin functions
perlguts(1)
Perl's Internal Functions
perlhist(1)
the Perl history records
perlipc(1)
Perl interprocess communication (signals, fifos, pipes, safe subprocesses, sockets, and semaphores)
perllocale(1)
Perl locale handling (internationalization and localization)
perllol(1), perlLoL(1)
Manipulating Lists of Lists in Perl
perlmod(1)
Perl modules (packages and symbol tables)
perlmodinstall(1)
Installing CPAN Modules
perlmodlib(1)
constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones
perlobj(1)
Perl objects
perlop(1)
Perl operators and precedence
perlopentut(1)
tutorial on opening things in Perl
perlpod(1)
plain old documentation
perlport(1)
Writing portable Perl
perlre(1)
Perl regular expressions
perlref(1)
Perl references and nested data structures
perlreftut(1)
Mark's very short tutorial about references
perlrun(1)
how to execute the Perl interpreter
perlsec(1)
Perl security
perlstyle(1)
Perl style guide
perlsub(1)
Perl subroutines
perlsyn(1)
Perl syntax
perlthrtut(1)
tutorial on threads in Perl
perltie(1)
how to hide an object class in a simple variable
perltoc(1)
perl documentation table of contents
perltoot(1)
Tom's object-oriented tutorial for perl
perltrap(1)
Perl traps for the unwary
perlvar(1)
Perl predefined variables
perlxs(1)
XS language reference manual
perlxstut(1), perlXStut(1)
Tutorial for XSUBs
pfbtops(1)
translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII
pic(1)
compile pictures for troff or TeX
pkg_add(1)
a utility for installing software package distributions
pkg_create(1)
a utility for creating software package distributions
pkg_delete(1)
a utility for deleting previously installed software package distributions
pkg_info(1)
a utility for displaying information on software packages
pkg_sign(1), pkg_check(1)
handle package signatures
pkg_update(1)
update an installed package
pkg_version(1)
summarize installed versions of packages
pl2pm(1)
Rough tool to translate Perl4 .pl files to Perl5 .pm modules
pod2html(1)
convert .pod files to .html files
pod2man(1)
translate embedded Perl pod directives into man pages
pr(1)
print files
printenv(1), env(1)
print out the environment, set and print environment
printf(1)
formatted output
ps(1)
process status
psroff(1)
send troff to PostScript printer
pwd(1)
return working directory name
quota(1)
display disk usage and limits
ranlib(1)
generate index to archive
rcp(1)
remote file copy
rcs(1)
change RCS file attributes
rcsclean(1)
clean up working files
rcsdiff(1)
compare RCS revisions
rcsfreeze(1)
freeze a configuration of sources checked in under RCS
rcsintro(1)
introduction to RCS commands
rcsmerge(1)
merge RCS revisions
rdist(1)
remote file distribution program
readelf(1)
Displays information about s-1ELFs0 files
realpath(1)
return resolved physical path
refer(1)
preprocess bibliographic references for groff
rev(1)
reverse lines of a file
rlog(1)
print log messages and other information about RCS files
rlogin(1)
remote login
rm(1), unlink(1)
remove directory entries
rmdir(1)
remove directories
rpcgen(1)
an RPC protocol compiler
rs(1)
reshape a data array
rsh(1)
remote shell
rtprio(1), idprio(1)
execute, examine or modify a utility's or process's realtime or idletime scheduling priority
rup(1)
remote status display
ruptime(1)
show host status of local machines
rusers(1)
who is logged in to machines on local network
rwall(1)
send a message to users logged on a host
rwho(1)
who is logged in on local machines
s2p(1)
Sed to Perl translator
sasc(1)
set the options of the asc scanner device
scon(1)
controls screen modes for pcvt video driver
script(1)
make typescript of terminal session
sdiff(1)
find differences between two files and merge interactively
sed(1)
stream editor
send-pr(1)
send problem report (PR) to a central support site
setproctitle(3)
set the process title for ps(1)
sgsc(1)
set the options of the gsc scanner device
sh(1)
command interpreter (shell)
shar(1)
create a shell archive of files
size(1)
list section sizes and total size
skey(1), S/key(1)
a procedure to use one time passwords for accessing computer systems
sleep(1)
suspend execution for an interval of time
smbutil(1)
Interface to SMB requester
sockstat(1)
list open sockets
soelim(1)
eliminate .so's from nroff input
sort(1)
sort lines of text files
split(1)
split a file into pieces
startslip(1)
dial up and login to a slip server
strings(1)
print the strings of printable characters in files
strip(1)
Discard symbols from object files
stty(1)
set the options for a terminal device interface
su(1)
substitute user identity
symorder(1)
rearrange name list
systat(1)
display system statistics on a crt
tail(1)
display the last part of a file
talk(1)
talk to another user
tar(1)
tape archiver; manipulate tar archive files
tbl(1)
format tables for troff
tcopy(1)
copy and/or verify mag tapes
tcpslice(1)
extract pieces of and/or glue together tcpdump files
tcsh(1)
C shell with file name completion and command line editing
tee(1)
pipe fitting
telnet(1)
user interface to the TELNET protocol
test(1), [(1)
condition evaluation utility
texindex(1)
sort Texinfo index files
tfmtodit(1)
create font files for use with groff -Tdvi
tftp(1)
trivial file transfer program
time(1)
time command execution
tip(1)
connect to a remote system
top(1)
display and update information about the top cpu processes
touch(1)
change file access and modification times
tput(1), clear(1)
terminal capability interface
tr(1)
translate characters
troff(1)
format documents
true(1)
return true value
truncate(1)
truncate or extend the length of files
truss(1)
trace system calls
tset(1), reset(1)
terminal initialization
tsort(1)
topological sort of a directed graph
tty(1)
return user's terminal name
ul(1)
do underlining
uname(1)
display information about the system
unifdef(1)
remove ifdef'ed lines
uniq(1)
report or filter out repeated lines in a file
units(1)
conversion program
unvis(1)
revert a visual representation of data back to original form
uptime(1)
show how long system has been running
users(1)
list current users
uuconv(1)
convert UUCP configuration files
uucp(1)
Unix to Unix copy
uuencode(1), uudecode(1)
encode/decode a binary file
uulog(1)
display UUCP log entries
uuname(1)
list known remote UUCP sites
uupick(1)
retrieve files transferred by uuto
uustat(1)
UUCP status inquiry and control
uuto(1)
send files to a user on a remote system
uux(1)
Remote command execution over UUCP
vacation(1)
return ``I am not here'' indication
vgrind(1)
grind nice listings of programs
vgrindefs(5)
language definition data base for vgrind(1)
vidcontrol(1)
system console control and configuration utility
vis(1)
display non-printable characters in a visual format
vt220keys(1)
define SHIFTED function keys on VT220 terminal
vttest(1)
test VT100-type terminal
w(1)
display who is logged in and what they are doing
wall(1)
write a message to users
wc(1)
word, line, and byte count
what(1)
show what versions of object modules were used to construct a file
whereis(1)
locate programs
which(1)
locate a program file in the user's path
who(1)
display who is logged in
whoami(1)
display effective user id
whois(1)
Internet domain name and network number directory service
window(1)
window environment
write(1)
send a message to another user
xargs(1)
construct argument list(s) and execute utility
xstr(1)
extract strings from C programs to implement shared strings
xten(1)
transmit X-10 commands
yacc(1)
an LALR(1) parser generator
yes(1)
be repetitively affirmative
ypcat(1)
print the values of all keys in a YP database
ypmatch(1)
print the values of one or more keys in a YP database
ypwhich(1)
return hostname of YP server of map master
yyfix(1)
extract tables from y.tab.c
zcmp(1), zdiff(1)
compare compressed files
zforce(1)
force a '.gz' extension on all gzip files
zmore(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
znew(1)
recompress .Z files to .gz files
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