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a2p(1)
Awk to Perl translator
addftinfo(1)
add information to troff font files for use with groff
apply(1)
apply a command to a set of arguments
apropos(1), whatis(1)
search the whatis database
ar(1)
create and maintain library archives
as(1)
the portable GNU assembler
at(1), batch(1), atq(1), atrm(1)
queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
awk(1)
GNU awk pattern scanning and processing language
basename(1), dirname(1)
return filename or directory portion of pathname
bc(1)
An arbitrary precision calculator language
biff(1)
be notified if mail arrives and who it is from
bison(1)
GNU Project parser generator (yacc replacement)
brandelf(1)
mark an ELF binary for a specific ABI
btreeop(1)
btree database maintenance tool
cal(1)
displays a calendar
calendar(1)
reminder service
cap_mkdb(1)
create capability database
cat(1)
concatenate and print files
catman(1)
preformat man pages
cd(1)
change working directory
cdcontrol(1)
compact disc control utility
checknr(1)
check nroff/troff files
chflags(1)
change file flags
chgrp(1)
change group
chio(1)
medium changer control utility
chmod(1)
change file modes
chpass(1), chfn(1), chsh(1), ypchpass(1), ypchfn(1), ypchsh(1)
add or change user database information
ci(1)
check in RCS revisions
cksum(1)
display file checksums and block counts
cmp(1)
compare two files
co(1)
check out RCS revisions
col(1)
filter reverse line feeds from input
colcrt(1)
filter nroff output for CRT previewing
colldef(1)
convert collation sequence source definition
colrm(1)
remove columns from a file
column(1)
columnate lists
comm(1)
select or reject lines common to two files
compile_et(1)
error table compiler
compress(1), uncompress(1), zcat(1)
compress and expand data
cp(1)
copy files
cpio(1)
copy files to and from archives
cpp(1)
The GNU C-Compatible Compiler Preprocessor
crontab(1)
maintain crontab files for individual users (V3)
crunchgen(1)
generates build environment for a crunched binary
crunchide(1)
hides symbol names from ld, for crunching programs together
csh(1)
a shell (command interpreter) with C-like syntax
ctags(1)
create a tags file
ctm(1)
source code mirror program
ctm_smail(1), ctm_rmail(1)
send and receive ctm deltas via mail
cu(1)
Call up another system
cursor(1)
set cursor shape for the pcvt VT220 video driver
cut(1)
select portions of each line of a file
cvs(1)
Concurrent Versions System
date(1)
display or set date and time
dd(1)
convert and copy a file
df(1)
display free disk space
dialog(1)
display dialog boxes from shell scripts
diff(1)
find differences between two files
diff3(1)
find differences between three files
dig(1)
send domain name query packets to name servers
dnsquery(1)
query domain name servers using resolver
domainname(1)
set or print name of current YP/NIS domain
du(1)
display disk usage statistics
echo(1)
write arguments to the standard output
ee(1)
easy editor
eqn(1)
format equations for troff
error(1)
analyze and disperse compiler error messages
ex(1), vi(1), view(1)
text editors
expand(1), unexpand(1)
expand tabs to spaces, and vice versa
expr(1)
evaluate expression
f2c(1)
Convert Fortran 77 to C or C++
f77(1)
FORTRAN compiler driver
false(1)
return false value
fdformat(1)
format floppy disks
fdwrite(1)
format and write floppy disks
fetch(1)
retrieve a file by Uniform Resource Locator
file(1)
determine file type
file2c(1)
convert file to c-source
find(1)
walk a file hierarchy
finger(1)
user information lookup program
flex(1)
fast lexical analyzer generator
fmt(1)
simple text formatter
fold(1)
fold long lines for finite width output device
fontedit(1)
Edit fonts
fpr(1)
print Fortran file
from(1)
print names of those who have sent mail
fsplit(1)
split a multi-routine Fortran file into individual files
fstat(1)
file status
ftp(1)
ARPANET file transfer program
gcc(1), g++(1)
GNU project C and C++ Compiler (v2.7)
gcore(1)
get core images of running process
gctags(1)
create a tags file (special command for GLOBAL)
gdb(1)
The GNU Debugger
gdbserver(1)
Remote Server for the GNU Debugger
getNAME(1)
get name sections from manual pages
getopt(1)
parse command options
global(1)
print the locations of specified function
gperf(1)
generate a perfect hash function from a key set
gprof(1)
display call graph profile data
grep(1), egrep(1), fgrep(1)
print lines matching a pattern
grodvi(1)
convert groff output to TeX dvi format
groff(1)
front end for the groff document formatting system
grolj4(1)
groff driver for HP Laserjet 4 family
grops(1)
PostScript driver for groff
grotty(1)
groff driver for typewriter-like devices
groups(1)
show group memberships
gtags(1)
create GTAGS, GRTAGS file
gzexe(1)
compress executable files in place
gzip(1), gunzip(1), zcat(1)
compress or expand files
h2ph(1)
convert .h C header files to .ph Perl header files
head(1)
display first lines of a file
hexdump(1), hd(1)
ascii, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
host(1)
look up host names using domain server
hostname(1)
set or print name of current host system
htags(1)
generate hypertext from C and Yacc source code
id(1)
return user identity
ident(1)
identify RCS keyword strings in files
indent(1)
indent and format C program source
indxbib(1)
make inverted index for bibliographic databases
info(1)
GNU's hypertext system
install(1)
install binaries
instant(1)
manipulates ESIS from parsed SGML instance
intro(1)
introduction to general commands (tools and utilities)
ipcrm(1)
remove the specified message queues, semaphore sets, and shared memory segments
ipcs(1)
report System V interprocess communication facilities status
join(1)
relational database operator
jot(1)
print sequential or random data
kbdcontrol(1)
a utility for manipulating the syscons keyboard driver section
kbdmap(1), vidfont(1)
front end for syscons
kcon(1)
keyboard control and remapping
kdump(1)
display kernel trace data
key(1)
Stand-alone program for computing responses to S/Key challenges
keyinfo(1)
display current S/Key sequence number and seed
keyinit(1)
Change password or add user to S/Key authentication system
kill(1)
terminate or signal a process
killall(1)
kill processes by name
ktrace(1)
enable kernel process tracing
lam(1)
laminate files
last(1)
indicate last logins of users and ttys
lastcomm(1)
show last commands executed in reverse order
ld(1)
link editor
ld.so(1)
run-time link-editor
ldd(1)
list dynamic object dependencies
leave(1)
remind you when you have to leave
limits(1)
Set or display process resource limits
lint(1)
a C program verifier
lkbib(1)
search bibliographic databases
ln(1)
make links
loadfont(1)
is used to load fonts into EGA or VGA boards for use by the 'pcvt' video driver
locate(1)
find filenames quickly
lock(1)
reserve a terminal
lockf(1)
execute a command while holding a file lock
logger(1)
make entries in the system log
login(1)
log into the computer
logname(1)
display user's login name
look(1)
display lines beginning with a given string
lookbib(1)
search bibliographic databases
lorder(1)
list dependencies for object files
lp(1)
front-end to the print spooler
lpq(1)
spool queue examination program
lpr(1)
off line print
lprm(1)
remove jobs from the line printer spooling queue
lptest(1)
generate lineprinter ripple pattern
ls(1)
list directory contents
lsvfs(1)
list installed virtual file systems
m4(1)
macro language processor
mail(1)
send and receive mail
mailq(1)
print the mail queue
make(1)
maintain program dependencies
makewhatis(1)
create whatis database
man(1)
format and display the on-line manual pages
manpath(1)
determine user's search path for man pages
mcon(1)
controls pcvt mouse emulator
md5(1)
calculate a message-digest fingerprint (checksum) for a file
merge(1)
three-way file merge
mesg(1)
display (do not display) messages from other users
mkdep(1)
construct Makefile dependency list
mkdir(1)
make directories
mkdosfs(1)
create an MS-DOS (FAT) file system
mkfifo(1)
make fifos
mklocale(1)
make LC_CTYPE locale files
mkstr(1)
create an error message file by massaging C source
more(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing
mset(1)
retrieve ASCII to IBM 3270 keyboard map
msgs(1)
system messages and junk mail program
mt(1)
magnetic tape manipulating program
mv(1)
move files
netstat(1)
show network status
newaliases(1)
rebuild the data base for the mail aliases file
nfsstat(1)
display NFS statistics
nice(1)
execute a command at a low scheduling priority
nm(1)
display name list (symbol table)
nohup(1)
invoke a command immune to hangups
nroff(1)
emulate nroff command with groff
od(1)
octal, decimal, hex, ascii dump
pagesize(1)
print system page size
passwd(1), yppasswd(1)
modify a user's password
paste(1)
merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files
patch(1)
apply a diff file to an original
pax(1)
read and write file archives and copy directory hierarchies
perl(1)
Practical Extraction and Report Language
pfbtops(1)
translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII
pic(1)
compile pictures for troff or TeX
pkg_add(1)
a utility for installing software package distributions
pkg_create(1)
a utility for creating software package distributions
pkg_delete(1)
a utility for deleting previously installed software package distributions
pkg_info(1)
a utility for displaying information on software packages
pr(1)
print files
printenv(1), env(1)
print out the environment, set and print environment
printf(1)
formatted output
ps(1)
process status
psbb(1)
extract bounding box from PostScript document
pwd(1)
return working directory name
qcamcontrol(1)
Connectix QuickCam control utility
quota(1)
display disk usage and limits
ranlib(1)
table-of-contents for archive libraries
rcp(1)
remote file copy
rcs(1)
change RCS file attributes
rcsclean(1)
clean up working files
rcsdiff(1)
compare RCS revisions
rcsfreeze(1)
freeze a configuration of sources checked in under RCS
rcsintro(1)
introduction to RCS commands
rcsmerge(1)
merge RCS revisions
rdist(1)
remote file distribution program
refer(1)
preprocess bibliographic references for groff
rev(1)
reverse lines of a file
rlog(1)
print log messages and other information about RCS files
rlogin(1)
remote login
rm(1)
remove directory entries
rmdir(1)
remove directories
rpcgen(1)
an RPC protocol compiler
rs(1)
reshape a data array
rsh(1)
remote shell
rtprio(1), idprio(1)
execute, examine or modify a utilitys or process realtime or idletime scheduling priority
rup(1)
remote status display
ruptime(1)
show host status of local machines
rusers(1)
who is logged in to machines on local network
rwall(1)
send a message to users logged on a host
rwho(1)
who is logged in on local machines
s2p(1)
Sed to Perl translator
sasc(1)
set the options of the asc scanner device
scon(1)
controls screen modes for pcvt video driver
script(1)
make typescript of terminal session
sdiff(1)
find differences between two files and merge interactively
sed(1)
stream editor
send-pr(1)
send problem report (PR) to a central support site
setproctitle(3)
set the process title for ps 1
sgmlfmt(1)
Formats SGML files tagged according to the linuxdoc DTD
sgmls(1)
a validating SGML parser An *S System Conforming to n .br International Standard ISO 8879 Standard Generalized Markup Language
sgsc(1)
set the options of the gsc scanner device
sh(1)
command interpreter (shell)
shar(1)
create a shell archive of files
size(1)
display object file segment sizes (text, data and bss)
skey(1), S/key(1)
A procedure to use one time passwords for accessing computer systems
sleep(1)
suspend execution for an interval of time
soelim(1)
eliminate .so's from nroff input
sort(1)
sort lines of text files
split(1)
split a file into pieces
startslip(1)
dial up and login to a slip server
strings(1)
find printable strings in a file
strip(1)
remove unnecessary information from executable files
stty(1)
set the options for a terminal device interface
su(1)
substitute user identity
sup(1)
software upgrade protocol
symorder(1)
rearrange name list
systat(1)
display system statistics on a crt
tail(1)
display the last part of a file
talk(1)
talk to another user
tar(1)
tape archiver; manipulate tar archive files
tbl(1)
format tables for troff
tclsh(1)
Simple shell containing Tcl interpreter
tconv(1)
convert between termcap, terminfo source and terminfo binary
tcopy(1)
copy and/or verify mag tapes
tcpdump(1)
dump traffic on a network
tcpslice(1)
extract pieces of and/or glue together tcpdump files
tee(1)
pipe fitting
telnet(1)
user interface to the TELNET protocol
test(1)
condition evaluation utility
tfmtodit(1)
create font files for use with groff -Tdvi
tftp(1)
trivial file transfer program
time(1)
time command execution
tip(1)
connect to a remote system
tn3270(1)
full-screen remote login to IBM VM/CMS
top(1)
display and update information about the top cpu processes
touch(1)
change file access and modification times
tput(1)
terminal capability interface
tr(1)
translate characters
troff(1)
format documents
true(1)
return true value
tset(1)
terminal initialization
tsort(1)
topological sort of a directed graph
tty(1)
return user's terminal name
ul(1)
do underlining
uname(1)
display information about the system
unifdef(1)
remove ifdef'ed lines
uniq(1)
report or filter out repeated lines in a file
units(1)
conversion program
unvis(1)
revert a visual representation of data back to original form
uptime(1)
show how long system has been running
users(1)
list current users
uucp(1)
Unix to Unix copy
uuencode(1), uudecode(1)
encode/decode a binary file
uustat(1)
UUCP status inquiry and control
uux(1)
Remote command execution over UUCP
vacation(1)
return ``I am not here'' indication
vgrind(1)
grind nice listings of programs
vgrindefs(5)
language definition data base for vgrind 1
vidcontrol(1)
a utility for manipulating the syscons video driver
vis(1)
display non-printable characters in a visual format
vt220keys(1)
define SHIFTED function keys on VT220 terminal
vttest(1)
test VT100-type terminal
w(1)
who present users are and what they are doing
wait(1)
await process completion
wall(1)
write a message to users
wc(1)
word, line, and byte count
what(1)
show what versions of object modules were used to construct a file
whereis(1)
locate programs
which(1)
locate a program file in the user's path
who(1)
display who is logged in
whoami(1)
display effective user id
whois(1)
Internet user name directory service
window(1)
window environment
write(1)
send a message to another user
xargs(1)
construct argument list(s) and execute utility
xstr(1)
extract strings from C programs to implement shared strings
xten(1)
transmit X-10 commands
yacc(1)
an LALR(1) parser generator
yes(1)
be repetitively affirmative
ypcat(1)
print the values of all keys in a YP database
ypmatch(1)
print the values of one or more keys in a YP database
yyfix(1)
extract tables from y.tab.c
zcmp(1), zdiff(1)
compare compressed files
zforce(1)
force a '.gz' extension on all gzip files
zgrep(1)
search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zmore(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
znew(1)
recompress .Z files to .gz files
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