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addftinfo(1)
add information to troff font files for use with groff
apropos(1)
search the whatis database for strings
ar(1)
create and maintain library archives
as(1), GNU(1)
as--the portable GNU assembler
awk(1), gawk(1)
pattern scanning and processing language
basename(1), dirname(1)
return filename or directory portion of pathname
bc(1)
An arbitrary precision calculator language
bdes(1)
encrypt/decrypt using the Data Encryption Standard
biff(1)
be notified if mail arrives and who it is from
cal(1)
displays a calendar
calendar(1)
reminder service
cat(1)
concatenate and print files
cccp(1), cpp(1)
The GNU C-Compatible Compiler Preprocessor
checknr(1)
check nroff/troff files
chgrp(1)
change group
chmod(1)
change file modes
chpass(1)
add or change user database information
ci(1)
check in RCS revisions
cksum(1)
display file checksums and block counts
cmp(1)
Compare two files
co(1)
check out RCS revisions
col(1)
filter reverse line feeds from input
colcrt(1)
filter nroff output for CRT previewing
colrm(1)
remove columns from a file
column(1)
columnate lists
comm(1)
Select or reject lines common to two files
compress(1), uncompress(1), zcat(1)
compress and expand data
cp(1)
copy files
cpio(1)
copy files to and from archives
crontab(1)
maintain crontab files for individual users
csh(1)
a shell (command interpreter) with C-like syntax
ctags(1)
create a tags file
cu(1)
Call up another system
cut(1)
select portions of each line of a file
cvs(1)
Concurrent Versions System
date(1)
Display or set date and time
dc(1)
An Arbitrary Precision Calculator
dd(1)
Convert and copy a file
df(1)
display free disk space
domainname(1)
set or print the name of the current domain
du(1)
Display disk usage statistics
echo(1)
write arguments to the standard output
ed(1), red(1)
text editor
elvis(1), ex(1), vi(1), view(1), input(1)
The editor
elvisrecover(1), elvrec(1)
Recover the modified version of a file after a crash
env(1)
set and print environment
eqn(1)
format equations for troff
error(1)
analyze and disperse compiler error messages
expand(1), unexpand(1)
expand tabs to spaces, and vice versa
expr(1)
evaluate expression
false(1)
Return false value
file(1)
determine file type
find(1)
walk a file hierarchy
finger(1)
user information lookup program
fmt(1)
simple text formatter
fold(1)
fold long lines for finite width output device
fpr(1)
print Fortran file
from(1)
print names of those who have sent mail
fsplit(1)
split a multi-routine Fortran file into individual files
fstat(1)
file status
ftp(1)
ARPANET file transfer program
g++(1)
GNU project C++ Compiler (v2.4)
gcc(1), g++(1)
GNU project C and C++ Compiler (v2.4)
getopt(1)
parse command options
gprof(1)
display call graph profile data
grep(1), egrep(1), fgrep(1)
print lines matching a pattern
grodvi(1)
convert groff output to TeX dvi format
groff(1)
front end for the groff document formatting system
grops(1)
PostScript driver for groff
grotty(1)
groff driver for typewriter-like devices
groups(1)
show group memberships
gzexe(1)
compress executable files in place
gzip(1), gunzip(1), zcat(1)
compress or expand files
head(1)
give first few lines
hexdump(1)
ascii, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
hostname(1)
set or print name of current host system
id(1)
return user identity
ident(1)
identify files
indent(1)
indent and format C program source
indxbib(1)
make inverted index for bibliographic databases
install(1)
install binaries
intro(1)
introduction to general commands (tools and utilities)
join(1)
relational database operator
kdump(1)
display kernel trace data
kill(1)
terminate or signal a process
ktrace(1)
enable kernel process tracing
last(1)
indicate last logins of users and ttys
lastcomm(1)
show last commands executed in reverse order
leave(1)
remind you when you have to leave
lex(1), flex(1)
fast lexical analyzer generator
lkbib(1)
search bibliographic databases
ln(1)
make links
locate(1)
find files
lock(1)
reserve a terminal
logger(1)
make entries in the system log
login(1)
log into the computer
logname(1)
display user's login name
look(1)
display lines beginning with a given string
lookbib(1)
search bibliographic databases
lorder(1)
list dependencies for object files
lpq(1)
spool queue examination program
lpr(1)
off line print
lprm(1)
remove jobs from the line printer spooling queue
lptest(1)
generate lineprinter ripple pattern
ls(1)
list directory contents
m4(1)
macro language processor
machine(1)
print machine type
mail(1)
send and receive mail
make(1)
maintain program dependencies
man(1)
format and display the on-line manual pages
manpath(1)
determine user's search path for man pages
merge(1)
three-way file merge
mesg(1)
Display (do not display) messages from other users
mkdep(1)
construct Makefile dependency list
mkdir(1)
make directories
mkfifo(1)
make fifos
mkmodules(1)
Rebuild modules database for CVS
mkstr(1)
create an error message file by massaging C source
more(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing
mset(1)
retrieve ASCII to IBM 3270 keyboard map
msgs(1)
system messages and junk mail program
mt(1)
magnetic tape manipulating program
mv(1)
move files
netstat(1)
show network status
newaliases(1)
rebuild the data base for the mail aliases file
nfsstat(1)
display NFS statistics
nice(1)
execute a Bourne shell command at a low scheduling priority
nm(1)
display name list (symbol table)
nohup(1)
invoke a command immune to hangups
nroff(1)
emulate nroff command with groff
od(1)
octal, decimal, hex, ascii dump
pagesize(1)
print system page size
passwd(1)
modify a user's password
paste(1)
merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files
patch(1)
apply a diff file to an original
pfbtops(1)
translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII
pic(1)
compile pictures for troff or TeX
pr(1)
convert text files for printing
printenv(1)
print out the environment
printf(1)
formatted output
ps(1)
process status
psbb(1)
extract bounding box from PostScript document
pwd(1)
return working directory name
quota(1)
display disk usage and limits
ranlib(1)
table-of-contents for archive libraries
rcp(1)
remote file copy
rcs(1)
change RCS file attributes
rcsclean(1)
clean up working files
rcsdiff(1)
compare RCS revisions
rcsfreeze(1)
freeze a configuration of sources checked in under RCS
rcsintro(1)
introduction to RCS commands
rcsmerge(1)
merge RCS revisions
rdist(1)
remote file distribution program
ref(1)
Display a C function header
refer(1)
preprocess bibliographic references for groff
rev(1)
reverse lines of a file
rlog(1)
print log messages and other information about RCS files
rlogin(1)
remote login
rm(1)
Remove directory entries
rmdir(1)
remove directories
rpcgen(1)
RPC protocol compiler
rsh(1)
remote shell
rstat(1)
remote status display
rup(1)
remote status display
ruptime(1)
show host status of local machines
rusers(1)
who is logged in to machines on local network
rwall(1)
send a message to users logged on a host
rwho(1)
who is logged in on local machines
script(1)
make typescript of terminal session
sed(1)
stream editor
sendbug(1)
mail a system bug report to FreeBSD-bugfiler
sh(1), ash(1)
a shell
shar(1)
create a shell archive of files
size(1)
display object file segment sizes (text, data and bss)
sleep(1)
suspend execution for an interval of time
soelim(1)
eliminate .so's from nroff input
sort(1)
sort lines of text files
split(1)
split a file into pieces
strings(1)
find printable strings in a file
strip(1)
remove unnecessary information from executable files
stty(1)
Set the options for a terminal device interface
su(1)
substitute user identity
swapinfo(1)
display free swap space
symorder(1)
rearrange name list
syscons(1)
a utility for manipulating the syscons VTY driver
tail(1)
display the last part of a file
talk(1)
talk to another user
tbl(1)
format tables for troff
tcopy(1)
copy and/or verify mag tapes
tcpdump(1)
dump traffic on a network
tcpslice(1)
extract pieces of and/or glue together tcpdump files
tee(1)
Pipe fitting
telnet(1)
User interface to the TELNET protocol
test(1)
Condition evaluation utility
tfmtodit(1)
create font files for use with groff -Tdvi
tftp(1)
trivial file transfer program
time(1)
time command execution
tip(1)
connect to a remote system
tn3270(1)
full-screen remote login to IBM VM/CMS
touch(1)
change file access and modification times
tput(1)
terminal capability interface
tr(1)
Translate Characters
troff(1)
format documents
true(1)
Return true value
tset(1)
terminal initialization
tsort(1)
topological sort of a directed graph
tty(1)
Return user's terminal name
ul(1)
do underlining
uname(1)
Print name of current UNIX system
unifdef(1)
remove ifdef'ed lines
uniq(1)
report or filter out repeated lines in a file
unvis(1)
revert a visual representation of data back to original form
uptime(1)
show how long system has been up
users(1)
list current users
uucp(1)
Unix to Unix copy
uuencode(1), uudecode(1)
encode/decode a binary file
uustat(1)
UUCP status inquiry and control
uux(1)
Remote command execution over UUCP
vacation(1)
return ``I am not here'' indication
vgrind(1)
grind nice listings of programs
vgrindefs(5)
language definition data base for vgrind 1
vis(1)
display non-printable characters in a visual format
w(1)
who present users are and what they are doing
wall(1)
write a message to users
wc(1)
Word, line, and byte count
what(1)
show what versions of object modules were used to construct a file
whatis(1)
search the whatis database for complete words
whereis(1)
locate binary, manual, and or source for program
which(1)
locate a program file including aliases and paths Xr csh 1 only)
who(1)
display who is logged in
whoami(1)
print effective current user id
whois(1)
Internet user name directory service
window(1)
window environment
write(1)
send a message to another user
xargs(1)
construct argument list(s) and execute utility
xstr(1)
extract strings from C programs to implement shared strings
yacc(1), Yacc(1)
an LALR(1) parser generator
yes(1)
be repetitively affirmative
yyfix(1)
extract tables from y.tab.c
zcmp(1), zdiff(1)
compare compressed files
zforce(1)
force a '.gz' extension on all gzip files
zmore(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
znew(1)
recompress .Z files to .gz files
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