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addftinfo(1)
add information to troff font files for use with groff
afmtodit(1)
create font files for use with groff -Tps
apply(1)
apply a command to a set of arguments
apropos(1)
search the whatis database for strings
ar(1)
create and maintain library archives
arch(1)
print architecture type
as(1)
Mac OS X Mach-O GNU-based assemblers
asn1parse(1ssl)
ASN.1 parsing tool
at(1), batch(1), atq(1), atrm(1)
queue, examine, or delete jobs for later execution
audit(1)
audit management utility
auditreduce(1)
select records from audit trail files
awk(1)
pattern-directed scanning and processing language
basename(1), dirname(1)
return filename or directory portion of pathname
bash(1)
GNU Bourne-Again SHell
bashbug(1)
report a bug in bash
bc(1)
An arbitrary precision calculator language
biff(1)
be notified if mail arrives and who it is from
bpwhoami(1)
print the output of a bootparams whoami call
builtin(1), alias(1), alloc(1), bg(1), bind(1), bindkey(1), break(1), breaksw(1), builtins(1), case(1), cd(1), chdir(1), command(1), complete(1), continue(1), default(1), dirs(1), do(1), done(1), echo(1), echotc(1), elif(1), else(1), end(1), endif(1), endsw(1), esac(1), eval(1), exec(1), exit(1), export(1), false(1), fc(1), fg(1), filetest(1), fi(1), for(1), foreach(1), getopts(1), glob(1), goto(1), hash(1), hashstat(1), history(1), hup(1), if(1), jobid(1), jobs(1), kill(1), limit(1), log(1), login(1), logout(1), ls-F(1), nice(1), nohup(1), notify(1), onintr(1), popd(1), printenv(1), pushd(1), pwd(1), read(1), readonly(1), rehash(1), repeat(1), sched(1), set(1), setenv(1), settc(1), setty(1), setvar(1), shift(1), source(1), stop(1), suspend(1), switch(1), telltc(1), test(1), then(1), time(1), trap(1), true(1), type(1), ulimit(1), umask(1), unalias(1), uncomplete(1), unhash(1), unlimit(1), unset(1), unsetenv(1), until(1), wait(1), where(1), which(1), while(1)
shell builtin commands
bzcmp(1), bzdiff(1)
compare bzip2 compressed files
bzgrep(1), bzfgrep(1), bzegrep(1)
search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression
bzip2(1), bunzip2(1)
a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.2 bzcat - decompresses files to stdout bzip2recover - recovers data from damaged bzip2 files
bzmore(1), bzless(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 compressed text
cal(1)
displays a calendar
calendar(1)
reminder service
cap_mkdb(1)
create capability database
cat(1)
concatenate and print files
certtool(1)
create key pairs, certificates and certificate signing requests for use with Keychains
checknr(1)
check nroff/troff files
chflags(1)
change file flags
chgrp(1)
change group
chmod(1)
change file modes or Access Control Lists
chpass(1), chfn(1), chsh(1)
add or change user database information
cksum(1), sum(1)
display file checksums and block counts
clear(1)
clear the terminal screen
cmp(1)
compare two files byte by byte
cmpdylib(1)
compare two dynamic shared libraries for compatibility
col(1)
filter reverse line feeds from input
colcrt(1)
filter nroff output for CRT previewing
colldef(1)
convert collation sequence source definition
colrm(1)
remove columns from a file
column(1)
columnate lists
comm(1)
select or reject lines common to two files
compile_et(1)
tool for generating com_err error tables
compress(1), uncompress(1)
compress and expand data
cp(1)
copy files
cpio(1)
copy file archives in and out
crlrefresh(1)
update and maintain system-wide CRL cache
csplit(1)
split files based on context
cut(1)
select portions of each line of a file
date(1)
display or set date and time
dc(1)
an arbitrary precision calculator
dd(1)
convert and copy a file
df(1)
display free disk space
diff(1)
compare files line by line
diff3(1)
compare three files line by line
domainname(1)
set or print the name of the current NIS domain
du(1)
display disk usage statistics
dyld(1)
the dynamic link editor
dylibprof(1)
control the shared pc sampling of a dynamic shared library
echo(1)
write arguments to the standard output
ed(1)
text editor
env(1)
set and print environment
eqn(1)
format equations for troff
eqn2graph(1)
convert an EQN equation into a cropped image
evim(1)
easy Vim, edit a file with Vim and setup for modeless editing
expand(1), unexpand(1)
expand tabs to spaces, and vice versa
expr(1)
evaluate expression
false(1)
Return false value
file(1)
determine file type
find(1)
walk a file hierarchy
finger(1)
user information lookup program
fmt(1)
simple text formatter
fold(1)
fold long lines for finite width output device
from(1)
print names of those who have sent mail
fs_usage(1)
report system calls and page faults related to filesystem activity in real-time
funzip(1)
filter for extracting from a ZIP archive in a pipe
gencat(1)
NLS catalog compiler
getNAME(1)
get name sections from manual pages
getconf(1)
retrieve standard configuration variables
getopt(1)
parse command options
gprof(1)
display call graph profile data
grap2graph(1)
convert a grap diagram into a cropped bitmap image
grep(1), egrep(1), fgrep(1)
print lines matching a pattern
grn(1)
groff preprocessor for gremlin files
grodvi(1)
convert groff output to TeX dvi format
groff(1)
front-end for the groff document formatting system
groffer(1)
display groff files and man~pages on X and tty
grog(1)
guess options for groff command
grohtml(1)
html driver for groff
grolbp(1)
groff driver for Canon CAPSL printers (LBP-4 and LBP-8 series laser printers)
grolj4(1)
groff driver for HP Laserjet 4 family
grops(1)
PostScript driver for groff
grotty(1)
groff driver for typewriter-like devices
groups(1)
show group memberships
gzexe(1)
compress executable files in place
gzip(1), gunzip(1), zcat(1)
compress or expand files
head(1)
display first lines of a file
hostname(1)
set or print name of current host system
hpftodit(1)
create font description files for use with groff -Tlj4
iconv(1)
character set conversion
id(1)
return user identity
indxbib(1)
make inverted index for bibliographic databases
info(1)
read Info documents
infokey(1)
compile customizations for Info
install(1)
install binaries
install-info(1)
update info/dir entries
install_name_tool(1)
change dynamic shared library install names
intro(1)
introduction to general commands (tools and utilities)
ipcrm(1)
remove the specified message queues, semaphore sets, and shared memory segments
ipcs(1)
report System V interprocess communication facilities status
join(1)
relational database operator
jot(1)
print sequential or random data
kdump(1)
display kernel trace data
kerberos(1)
introduction to the Kerberos system
kill(1)
terminate or signal a process
killall(1)
kill processes by name
krb5-config(1)
tool for linking against MIT Kerberos libraries
ktrace(1)
enable kernel process tracing
lam(1)
laminate files
last(1)
indicate last logins of users and ttys
lastcomm(1)
show last commands executed in reverse order
latency(1)
monitors scheduling and interrupt latency
launchctl(1)
Interfaces with launchd
ld(1)
Mach object file link editor
leave(1)
remind you when you have to leave
less(1)
opposite of more
lessecho(1)
expand metacharacters, such as * and ?, in filenames on Unix systems
lesskey(1)
specify key bindings for less
libtool(1)
create libraries ranlib - add or update the table of contents of archive libraries
lipo(1)
create or operate on fat files
lkbib(1)
search bibliographic databases
ln(1), link(1)
make links
locale(1)
display locale settings
localedef(1)
define locale environment
locate(1)
find files
lock(1)
reserve a terminal
logger(1)
make entries in the system log
login(1)
log into the computer
logname(1)
display user's login name
look(1)
display lines beginning with a given string
lookbib(1)
search bibliographic databases
ls(1)
list directory contents
lsvfs(1)
list known virtual file systems
machine(1)
print machine type
mail(1), mailx(1)
send and receive mail
makeinfo(1)
translate Texinfo documents
man(1)
format and display the on-line manual pages
md(1)
process raw dependency files produced by cpp -MD
md5(1)
calculate a message-digest fingerprint (checksum) for a file
mesg(1)
display (do not display) messages from other users
mkdir(1)
make directories
mkfifo(1)
make fifos
mklocale(1)
make LC_CTYPE locale files
mktemp(1)
make temporary file name (unique)
mmroff(1)
reference preprocessor
msgs(1)
system messages and junk mail program
mv(1)
move files
nZ=0 sh(1), rsh(1), pfsh(1)
shell, the nZ=1 ksh, rksh, pfksh - KornShell, a standard/restricted command and programming language
nano(1)
Nano's ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
nc(1), nc (netcat)(1)
use network sockets from the command line
neqn(1)
format equations for ascii output
netstat(1)
show network status
nfsstat(1)
display NFS statistics
nice(1)
execute a utility with an altered scheduling priority
nicl(1)
NetInfo command line utility
nifind(1)
find a directory in the NetInfo hierarchy
nigrep(1)
search for a regular expression in the NetInfo hierarchy
nireport(1)
print tables from the NetInfo hierarchy
niutil(1)
NetInfo utility
nl(1)
line numbering filter
nm(1)
display name list (symbol table)
nmedit(1)
change global symbols to local symbols
nohup(1)
invoke a command immune to hangups
nroff(1)
emulate nroff command with groff
otool(1)
object file displaying tool
pagesize(1)
print system page size
pagestuff(1)
Mach-O file page analysis tool
passwd(1)
modify a user's password
paste(1)
merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files
patch(1)
apply a diff file to an original
pathchk(1)
check pathnames
pax(1)
read and write file archives and copy directory hierarchies
pfbtops(1)
translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII
pic(1)
compile pictures for troff or TeX
pic2graph(1)
convert a PIC diagram into a cropped image
pmset(1)
modify power management settings
pr(1)
print files
praudit(1)
print the contents of audit trail files
printenv(1)
print out the environment
printf(1)
formatted output
ps(1)
process status
pwd(1)
return working directory name
quota(1)
display disk usage and limits
rcp(1)
remote file copy
redo_prebinding(1)
redo the prebinding of an executable or dynamic library
refer(1)
preprocess bibliographic references for groff
rev(1)
reverse lines of a file
rlogin(1)
remote login
rm(1), unlink(1)
remove directory entries
rmdir(1)
remove directories
rs(1)
reshape a data array
rsh(1)
remote shell
rsync(1)
faster, flexible replacement for rcp
ruptime(1)
show host status of local machines
rwho(1)
who is logged in on local machines
sc_usage(1)
show system call usage statistics
scp(1)
secure copy (remote file copy program)
screen(1)
screen manager with VT100/ANSI terminal emulation
script(1)
make typescript of terminal session
sdiff(1)
side-by-side merge of file differences
sed(1)
stream editor
segedit(1)
extract and replace sections from object files
sftp(1)
secure file transfer program
shar(1)
create a shell archive of files
shlock(1)
create or verify a lock file for shell scripts
size(1)
print the size of the sections in an object file
sleep(1)
suspend execution for an interval of time
soelim(1)
interpret .so requests in groff input
sort(1)
sort lines of text files
split(1)
split a file into pieces
srm(1)
securely remove files or directories
ssh(1)
OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
ssh-add(1)
adds RSA or DSA identities to the authentication agent
ssh-agent(1)
authentication agent
ssh-keygen(1)
authentication key generation, management and conversion
ssh-keyscan(1)
gather ssh public keys
stat(1), readlink(1)
display file status
strings(1)
find the printable strings in a object, or other binary, file
strip(1)
remove symbols
stty(1)
set the options for a terminal device interface
su(1)
substitute user identity
syslog(1)
Apple System Log utility
tabs(1)
set terminal tabs
tack(1)
terminfo action checker
tail(1)
display the last part of a file
talk(1)
talk to another user
tar(1)
tape archiver; manipulate "tar" archive files
tbl(1)
format tables for troff
tcopy(1)
copy and/or verify mag tapes
tcpdump(1)
dump traffic on a network
tcsh(1)
C shell with file name completion and command line editing
tee(1)
pipe fitting
telnet(1)
user interface to the TELNET protocol
test(1), [(1)
condition evaluation utility
texi2dvi(1)
print Texinfo documents
texi2html(1)
a Texinfo to HTML converter
texindex(1)
sort Texinfo index files
tfmtodit(1)
create font files for use with groff -Tdvi
tftp(1)
trivial file transfer program
time(1)
time command execution
top(1)
display and update sorted information about processes
touch(1)
change file access and modification times
tput(1), reset(1)
initialize a terminal or query terminfo database
tr(1)
translate characters
troff(1)
the troff processor of the groff text formatting system
true(1)
Return true value
tset(1), reset(1)
terminal initialization
tsort(1)
topological sort of a directed graph
tty(1)
return user's terminal name
ul(1)
do underlining
uname(1)
Print operating system name
uniq(1)
report or filter out repeated lines in a file
units(1)
conversion program
unvis(1)
revert a visual representation of data back to original form
unzip(1)
list, test and extract compressed files in a ZIP archive
unzipsfx(1)
self-extracting stub for prepending to ZIP archives
uptime(1)
show how long system has been running
users(1)
list current users
uuencode(1), uudecode(1)
encode/decode a binary file
vers_string(1)
produce version identification string
vim(1)
Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
vimdiff(1)
edit two or three versions of a file with Vim and show differences
vimtutor(1)
the Vim tutor
vis(1)
display non-printable characters in a visual format
vm_stat(1)
show Mach virtual memory statistics
w(1)
display who is logged in and what they are doing
wait4path(1)
wait for given path to show up in the namespace
wall(1)
write a message to users
wc(1)
word, line, character, and byte count
whatis(1)
search the whatis database for complete words
whereis(1)
locate programs
which(1)
locate a program file in the user's path
who(1)
display who is on the system
whoami(1)
display effective user id
whois(1)
Internet domain name and network number directory service
write(1)
send a message to another user
xargs(1)
construct argument list(s) and execute utility
xml2-config(1), xml-config(1)
script to get information about the installed version of GNOME-XML
xmlcatalog(1)
Command line tool to parse and manipulate XML or SGML catalog files
xmllint(1)
command line XML tool
xsltproc(1)
command line xslt processor
xxd(1)
make a hexdump or do the reverse
yacc(1)
an LALR(1) parser generator
yes(1)
be repetitively affirmative
ypcat(1)
print the values of all keys in a YP database
ypmatch(1)
print the values of one or more keys in a YP database
ypwhich(1)
return hostname of YP server of map master
zcmp(1), zdiff(1)
compare compressed files
zforce(1)
force a '.gz' extension on all gzip files
zgrep(1)
search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zip(1), zipcloak(1), zipnote(1), zipsplit(1)
package and compress (archive) files
zipgrep(1)
search files in a ZIP archive for lines matching a pattern
zipinfo(1)
list detailed information about a ZIP archive
zless(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
zmore(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
znew(1)
recompress .Z files to .gz files
zprint(1)
show information about kernel zones
zsh(1)
the Z shell
zshall(1)
the Z shell meta-man page
zshbuiltins(1)
zsh built-in commands
zshcompctl(1)
zsh programmable completion
zshcompsys(1)
zsh completion system
zshcompwid(1)
zsh completion widgets
zshcontrib(1)
user contributions to zsh
zshexpn(1)
zsh expansion and substitution
zshmisc(1)
everything and then some
zshmodules(1)
zsh loadable modules
zshoptions(1)
zsh options
zshparam(1)
zsh parameters
zshtcpsys(1)
zsh tcp system
zshzftpsys(1)
zftp function front-end
zshzle(1)
zsh command line editor
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