Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Man Pages

Man Page or Keyword Search:
Man Architecture
Apropos Keyword Search (all sections) Output format
home | help
network distribution package for CVS repositories
Concurrent Versions System
Concurrent Versions System support files
send problem report (PR) about CVS to a central support site
CVS activity notification
checkin a change set to CVS "ae-cvs-ci(1)" "checkin a change set to CVS"
serve CVS client protocol against Aegis projects "aecvsserver(1)" "serve CVS client protocol against Aegis projects"
This document is an ever growing set of questions, statements, ideas and complaints about AfterStep version 2.0 1. General Information1.1. About this Document. This document is an ever growing set of questions, statements, ideas and complaints about AfterStep version 2.0. You can get this FAQ at the following locations: The rest of this document assumes you are running AfterStep 2.0. If you are running a version of AfterStep prior to version 2.0, this document will suggests only one thing: upgrade. 1.2. What is AfterStep? AfterStep is a Window Manager for the X Window System (hereafter referred to as X). It was started to emulate the look and feel of NeXTSTEP(tm), but has evolved into something that while still being able to emulate NeXT, can do much much more. Without using much memory or cpu time, AfterStep provides all the features one could want in a Window Manager. 1.3. What is AfterStep's history? Original AfterStep was a continuation of the BowMan Window Manager which was originally put together by Bo Yang. BowMan was based on the fvwm Window Manager, written by Robert Nation. Fvwm was based on code from twm. And so on.... Idea was to emulate some of the look and feel of the NEXTSTEP(tm) user interface, but overtime it evolved to include other concepts, as dictated by end user needs. It is that unholy direction that made Alfredo Kojima abandon project in 1997 and create a Window Manger of its own - Window Maker, which had a goal of strict adherance to NEXTSTEP interface ideas. After releasing version 1.8.11 it became aparent for developers that old AfterStep codebase had reached its limits and required a substantial redesign. Such redesign began with development of radically new image handling library libAfterImage, introducing high quality image manipulation, blending, TrueType fonts, XML image scripting, and more. Building off of libAfterImage and incorporating new developments in X Window management, AfterStep 2.0 was born and released in September, 2004. As of now AfterStep code base contains none of the original fvwm parts, and association to fvwm, twm and BowMan remain only in history. 1.4. Fine, what if I'm not running AfterStep 2.0? Is there a FAQ for me? Yes. There should be a version of the AfterStep FAQ available within your specific AfterStep distribution. If you are using a version earlier than 2.0, it is strongly suggested you upgrade. 1.5. What is X? What are these "window managers" ? "X" is shorthand for The X Window System. It is a basis for building graphical user interfaces for UNIX (it is available for non-UNIX systems, but wasn't designed to be as such). "X" is not the interface itself, just a foundation for one. For more information, check . A Window Manager is a program that manages your windows during your X session. AfterStep is one of many available window managers . 1.6. What are AfterStep's main features? "The Wharf" Similar to NeXTSTEP's(tm) Dock, it allows applications to be Swallowed, shortcuts with icons, and many other things. "The Pager" Shows a miniature view of the Afterstep desktops, you can move between them, and move windows around in the Pager as though it were a miniature desktop. "The WinList" A list of all the windows, clicking on the items can show that window, destroy it, shade it, or anything you might want. "Configurability" Almost anything can be changed. "XML image scripting" AfterStep allows XML scripts to be used to assemble complex images for things like buttons, frame sides, etc, from other, simplier images or graphical primitives. "TrueType fonts support" Antialised TrueType fonts could be used to render window titles and other labels. "Unicode, UTF8 and other encodings support" Most international character encodings are supported as long as fonts provide glyphs. "ColorSchemes" AfterStep can calculate a set of about 34 colors to create looks with harmonious color composition. 1.7. Is AfterStep 2.0 GNOME and/or KDE compliant? AfterStep 2.0 supports Extended Window Manager Hints, ICCCM protocol and Motif hints, thus making it as compatible as possible with both GNOME and KDE, as well as most other X applications. 1.8. Can I run it in Microsoft Windows(tm)? AfterStep 2.0 does run under Windows using CYGWIN compatibility layer, while running any X server. Some of the X servers available under Windows allow so-called root-less mode, where X applications can coincide with native applications. See sample screenshot . 1.9. Who develops AfterStep? "Sasha Vasko <sasha at>" coordinator, coder, web designer, carpenter, and everything else ( at the moment ). "Niklas Lunger <niklas at fet dot at>" documentation and user testing. "Nathan Mahon <as_ml at vaevictus net>" realease manager 1.10. AfterStep is awesome! How can I help? Code contributions are welcome. Hardware donations are welcome. If you can help write AfterStep, or feel you can help the effort elsewhere, do so. Hang out on irc (#afterstep, efnet), participate on the mailing lists, suggest ideas, help code, etc etc. 1.11. Who writes this FAQ? see 1.9. above. 2. Resources2.1. Where can I find AfterStep resources, or help? "HTML documentation" AfterStep 2.0 comes installed with complete set of documentation in HTML format, usually installed at /usr/local/share/afterstep/doc/html or /usr/share/afterstep/doc/html . Same documentation is available online from : . If you find that documentation incomplete in some areas - please feel free to submit any corrections to any of the AfterStep mailing lists. "WWW Page" The official AfterStep web page is at . This web site is managed by whoever has write access to AfterStep CVS, and is kindly hosted by the generous people at Web Conquest . "FTP site" The FTP site, , is the best place to get AfterStep. "AfterStep applets" The applets (asapps) that go with AfterStep are distributed separately. The applet distribution is maintained by Albert Dorofeev, (<>). You can find the applets at . RPMs for many an applet could be found here : "Man pages." AfterStep installation comes with set of man pages that attempt to cover all aspects of AfterStep configuration. Please read the relevent man page before asking a question. Also note that the Pager man page is 'man Pager' (note the capitalization). "IRC" There is also #afterstep on IRC servers. You can view current activity here : 2.2. What are the AfterStep mailing lists, and where are their archives? There are three AfterStep mailing lists. as-users, as-devel and as-bugs. "as-users." as-users is the general AfterStep mailing list, open to all AfterStep questions, concerns and ideas ( NO LiteSTEP, Window Maker, some-x-app questions unless it really does pertain to AfterStep, please). Subscribe by entering your e-mail at : "as-devel." as-devel is the development AfterStep mailing list. It is used to send notices about commits to CVS repository. Subscribe by entering your e-mail at : "as-bugs." as-bugs is the AfterStep mailing list for submiting bug reports. It is geared toward development questions, ideas and complaints. Subscribe by entering your e-mail at : The mailing list archives can be read at . 3. Getting and Installing AfterStep 2.03.1. Where can I get AfterStep 2.0? You can download AfterStep 2.0 at any of the following locations: RPM packages 3.2. What do I need to compile and install AfterStep? Because AfterStep is an X application, you need to have X installed, and the X development libraries (note, in this case "development" means libraries need to compile things with X, not development level code). It's probably a good idea to also have a working C compiler. AfterStep includes some image libraries, but it is recommended that you install those libraries using your distribution's package management system. Note that you will need development libraries in addition to run-time libraries. The following are the libraries that AfterStep can take advantage of : libJPEG - support for JPEG image format libPNG - support for PNG image format libTIFF - support for TIFF image format Freetype - support for TrueType fonts Note that following image format do not require any external libraries : XPM, PPM, BMP, ICO, XCF, GIF. 3.3. Can I install AfterStep without being root? Yes, before compiling AfterStep, do this: Source : mkdir /bin mkdir -p /man/man1 /configure --prefix / Then follow the normal install directions, allowing you to Source : make installwithout being root. 3.4. How do I upgrade AfterStep from AfterStep version prior to 2.0.0? Install AfterStep 2.0 and then run it. It will start with default configuration that you may or maynot like. If you wish to try and reuse your old configuration files, then copy them over from your old /GNUstep/Library/AfterStep/ directory and into /.afterstep/. Restart AfterStep to make changes effective. If some of the features do not work quite right - feel free to submit bug report along with your configuration files. It is recommended though that you start with default configuration and try out all of the supplied looks and color schemes. Select whichever is close to what you want and then modify it to your liking. These approach will allow you to take advantage of many new features, available in AfterStep 2.0. 3.4. How do I upgrade AfterStep from AfterStep version higher then 2.0.0? Make sure that all configuration files that you ever changed are in your home directory at /.afterstep/, as installing afterstep will replace everything in global shared location (/usr/local/share/afterstep). Install afterstep and run. You should not have any trouble. 3.5. What's up with all these compile errors? Most likely, you don't have the X devel package (should have come with your operating system, if not, check ). 3.6. How the hell does one configure AfterStep? Configuration files are usually either in /usr(/local)/share/afterstep for system wide configuration and ~.afterstep for personal settings. Configuration is handled in multiple files: look file (in looks subdirectory) for visual attributes, feel file (in feels subdirectory) for the general behaviour; wharf, winlist, banner, pager, animate for module specific configuration. Just copy any file you want to modify over from /usr(/local)/share/afterstep to ~.afterstep to override system wide defaults retaining subdirectory layout
CVS like front end to the Perforce SCM system
cervisia(1), Cervisia(1)
Graphical CVS frontend
Create preliminary .cvsignore in the current directory
scramble passwords for CVSup authentication
Concurrent Versions System
OpenCVS Concurrent Versioning System
Concurrent Versions System support files
OpenCVS files format
cvs(n), doctools::cvs(n)
Processing text in 'cvs log' format
convert a cvs repository into a Bazaar repository
convert cvs log messages to changelogs
import a CVS project into Darcs
convert a cvs repository into a git repository
convert a cvs repository into a subversion repository
administrate users of a CVS repository B
Shows a blame-annotated representation of a CVS controlled file in Konqueror
send problem report (PR) about CVS to a central support site
generate a scanfile for cvsync and cvsyncd
Offline status report for files in a checked-out CVS module
Quick offline CVS status checker
chroot wrapper to run (oqcvs pserver(cq more securely
print out cvsd configuration information for bug reports
create a chrooted directory structure for use in cvsd
generate password entries for repositories
configuration file for cvsd
CVSd pserver administration program
Manage and summarize the differences between a CVS project and local files
A CVS/RCS repository grapher
CVS/RCS repository grapher configuration
introduction to Concurrent Versioning System
Display the last change committed to CVS for a file
Prints the log entry for the last commit for a file
a CVS wizard to help manage parallel development
add cvsweb.cgi links to FreeBSD commit mail
cvsps(1), CVSps(1)
create patchset information from CVS
Revert files in CVS by one version
network distribution package for CVS repositories
convert a scanfile from the CVSup style to the cvsync style
network distribution server for CVS repositories
CVS utilities for use in working directories
-- Displays version of the file passed as argument
wrapper over cvs to enable fine grained access control to repositories
configuration file for cvswrap
synchronize CVS repositories
convert a scanfile from the cvsync style to the CVSup style
synchronize CVS repositories
find fastest CVSup server
fix problematic diff files
Export a single commit to a CVS checkout
Salvage your data out of another SCM people love to hate
A CVS server emulator for git
git for CVS users
is a network passwords sniffer. Its name is an acronym for "kripp is rest in peace, privacy". Supported protocols are icq, aim, pop3, ftp, http and cvs
wrapper script that calls latexdiff for different versions of a file under version management (CVS, RCS or SVN)
-- List all files in a checked out CVS module that are not known by the CVS server
a tool to instantly browse a history via CVSweb or
retrieve earlier port versions via CVS
Detects stale source directories in a CVS tree
initialize CVS or Subversion and rancid group files and directories
asynchronously incorporate mail into a folder
summarize receive accounting information
The Free Pascal CVS tree cleaner program
tkcvs(1), TkCVS(1)
a Tk/Tcl Graphical Interface to CVS and Subversion
frequently asked questions The newest version of this document can be found at <>
Object oriented interface to the CVS command
commit changes to a CVS repository with
Result class for cvs commit command
Result class for cvs status command
Result list for cvs diff command
Result class for cvs rdiff command
Result list for cvs rdiff command
Result class for the release command
Result class for the cvs tag command
Result class for cvs status command
Result list for cvs status command
Result class for the cvs tag command
Result class for cvs update command
Highly flexible CVS parser for large files
Utilities to read and manipulate patches and CVS
Statistics collector for CVSupd server
cvs destination driver
alter cvsbk revisions for proper log message
Persistant storage for tracking which branch_ids are the main CVS dev branch for each file
A CVS repository source
A CVS repository source extension for bk exported cvs repository
utilities for dealing with the cvs command
VCS::CVS(3), "VCS::CVS"(3)
Provide a simple interface to CVS (the Concurrent Versions System)
notes for the CVS implementation
Access to the mod_perl CVS development tree
hg(1), cvs(1)
introduction to using plan9port Mercurial repository
home | help